What do the colors of the Ghana flag mean

Ghana

Meaning / origin of the flag:Meaning / Origin of the Flag:The current flag of Ghana was introduced on March 6, 1957 on the occasion of independence and restored on February 28, 1966. It shows three horizontal stripes in red, yellow and green with a black five-pointed star in the yellow central stripe. The today's flag of Ghana was introduced on 6th of March in 1957 in occasion to the independence day and reestablished on 28th of February in 1966. It shows three horizontal stripes in red, yellow and green with a black five-jagged star in the yellow middle stripe.The colors of the flag are also known as the "Pan-African colors": Around 1900 the Pan-Africa movement began, which all people have in common wanted to highlight black skin. The triad of colors green-yellow-red, which many African and American states adopted in their flags after gaining independence, stands for the political unity of Africa, and indeed of all blacks. The first country was Ghana in 1957. The national colors of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), the oldest independent state in Africa, are considered to be the origin. The colors of the flag are even known as the "Panafrican colors": Perhaps in 1900 was the beginning of the Panafrica -Movement, wich wants to emphasize the commons of all people with black skin. The color-triad green-yellow-red, wich used many african and even american countries in their flags after the independence, stands for the political unity of Africa, of all black people. The first country was Ghana in 1957. As the origin apply the colors of Ethiopia (Abessinia), the oldest independent state in Africa.

Red in the flag of Ghana stands for the blood that was shed in the struggle for freedom and independence, yellow for the riches of the country (gold, former country name "Gold Coast"), green for forests and agriculture. The star is the "guiding star of African freedom". Red stands in the flag of Ghana for the blood, given in the fight for freedom and independence, yellow for the wealth of the land (gold, former name of the country "Gold Coast"), green for forests and agriculture. The star is the "lead star of the African freedom". Ghana is partly based on the British Ensign system. This indicates the connections to Great Britain. Ghana is partially orientated in the British Ensign-System. These points to the connexions to Great Britain.` Great Britain had introduced a flag system in 1864 in which:

  • Warships a so-called "White Ensign" (naval flag), a white flag often with a continuous red Georgskreuz and with the Union Jack in the upper corner,
  • Merchant ships a "Red Ensign" (also called "Civil Ensign" => citizen flag, the actual merchant flag), a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper corner, and
  • Service ships carried a "Blue Ensign" (government flag => the actual state flag), a blue flag with the Union Jack in the upper corner.

Since 1865 ships of colonial governments have been allowed to carry a Blue Ensign with a badge in the flying end.

The respective governments should provide appropriate bagdes. Merchant ships and private seafarers from colonies are only allowed to carry a Red Ensign with a badge if the British Admiralty has given permission for the colony. Great Britain introduced a flag system in 1864 in which:

  • war ships fly the "White Ensign" (naval flag), a white flag often with an uninterrupted red St. George's-Cross and with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag,
  • merchant ships fly a "Red Ensign" (also named "Civil Ensign" => civil flag, the real merchant flag), a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag, and
  • governmental ships fly the "Blue Ensign" (flag for the use by the government => the actual state flag), a blue flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag.

Since 1865 ships of colonial governments were permitted to fly the Blue Ensign with a badge in the flying end of the flag. The respective governments were asked to design appropriate badges. Merchant ships and seafaring persons from colonies were only permitted to use the Red Ensign with a badge, then also named Civil Ensign, if permission has been given to the respective colony by the British admiralty Service flag (Blue Ensign) used with the emblem (badge) introduced in 1889. It showed an elephant with threatening gestures in front of a palm tree in the middle of an African landscape. At the bottom of the badge were the letters "G.C." Until the independence was used in the Gold Coast the blue, British official flag (Blue Ensign) with the emblem (badge) introduced in 1889. It showed an elephant with threatening gesture in front of a palm tree amid an African scenery. In the lower part of the badge were to see the letters "G.C." in red. In 1964, President Kwane Nkrumah introduced a one-party system in Ghana. The flag of Ghana was then changed to resemble the flag of the ruling party (Convention People's Party). For this purpose, the yellow central stripe was colored white. In the year 1964 the president Kwane Nkrumah introduced a one-party-system in Ghana. The flag of Ghana was because of that changed in this way, that it equaled the flag of the governing party (Convention People's Party). For it was colored the yellow middle stripe into white. After a military revolt in the year 1966 was re-introduced the old flag again. Quelle / Source: Flags Wappen Hymnen, Die Welt der Flags, Flags of the World