What are the best jobs in the gig economy
Gig economy: just a trend or the future of the world of work?
- Definition of terms: gig economy, gig working and gig jobs
- What are the advantages of working as a gig worker?
- Experience in different fields of work
- Flexible working hours: You decide about the time, place and type
- More income through more employment
The world of work is subject to constant change. The advancing digitization enables employers to offer orders, often in the form of services, via an online platform, and employees to accept these orders. In the course of this, more and more courier drivers who deliver food, for example, are shaping the cityscape in large and medium-sized cities. The exercise of jobs that are assigned via the network are referred to as gig jobs. But what is behind this new way of working? And for whom is employment as a gig worker suitable?
Definition of terms: gig economy, gig working and gig jobs
The term “gig” describes the working conditions in the gig economy, because as gig workers, employees often only have a short paid “gig” or job to do. The target group of the gig economy are freelancers, freelancers and mini-jobbers.
As Gig economy that part of the labor market is called the small one Short-term assignments to freelancers or mini-jobbersthrough an online platform. It is characteristic that the contractors bring along other work utensils in addition to their labor, such as their own bicycle and cell phone at the bicycle courier, or the car and cell phone when transporting people with the American service company Uber.
Gig jobs relate to the specific fields of work and activities: These include delivery services such as Deliveroo or Foodora, the hospitality industry such as Airbnb and passenger transport such as the company Uber in the USA. In principle, it is possible to offer and work gig jobs in every industry. All you need is your own work materials, such as a courier driver's bike, and internet access to be able to do a gig job. Designers, editors and copywriters are also typical gig workers.
The term Gig working is used when people give their full livelihood can contend with such activities.
What are the advantages of working as a gig worker?
Experience in different fields of work
The industries in which gig workers are employed are very different and diverse, and this has many advantages. For example, you have the opportunity to get a taste of many different fields of activity and work if you are still unsure what your professional career should lead to. You can gain experience in different areas at many companies. If you are bored with the job you have accepted, you can be sure that it will soon come to an end and that you will be able to take advantage of new opportunities.
Flexible working hours: You decide about the time, place and type
A big advantage is that flexibility of the gig job, because you decide for whom and what you want to work: every time anew. The contractors are not bound by any working hours. Due to your flexibility and the fact that you are quickly required to work, you are in a good negotiating position so that you can negotiate with employers about the salary for long-term employment. Often the Pay on an hourly basis, but here too you have an advantage, because the clients are dependent on your labor. This is especially true for a gig job that needs to be done at short notice.
The fact that you can flexibly divide your working hours and you also decide who you work for has a positive effect on your work-life balance. It is up to you when and where you want to work and you can also decide to say no if the job on offer does not appeal to you.
More income through more employment
Since most gig jobs are designed to be part-time, this is possible Activity in addition to the actual professional employment exercise. Such a “double” employment relationship has been common in the USA since the global economic crisis in 2009. The effects of the economic crisis, which shook the labor market, were particularly felt there. So many people started to work as freelancers. The term gig economy was coined during the global economic crisis of 2008/2009.
Disadvantages associated with gig job employment
No coverage in the event of illness or in old age
The workforce is usually not permanently employed, but only as a freelancer or freelancer for a job and are accordingly paid per order. Since they are not permanent employees, this means that they do not have a fixed or regular income and are not financially secure either in the event of illness or in old age. Many self-employed people who work alone earn so little money that they are unable to save money for old age.
Lack of security due to short-term employment relationships
Just as short-term employment relationships can be advantages, they can also prove disadvantageous. For example, when it comes to a certain financial security, when you not only look after yourself but also for other people, for example when you want to start a family.
The gig worker not only has the freedom to always look for new clients and orders, he also has an obligation, because a "gig" is often not enough to ensure financial survival.
Permanent gig workers as an alternative?
Should the placement platforms take on more responsibility in the form of permanent positions for the contractors? More hourly wages or a premium that is then paid into the pension account does not have to be the solution. Rather, it is in the interests of the company that the contractors are satisfied, because the gig workers are often the only real contact between the client and the customer.
What does this new form of work mean for society?
Can the gig economy be seen as something progressive for the workers? Autonomy and freedom does it guarantee or run the risk of ending up in a progressive precarization? Freedom also goes hand in hand with a certain degree of uncertainty, which means for the freedom to be able to freely choose assignments, we have to forfeit the security that provides us with financial security in the event of illness or provides for our old age.
What role does digitization play in the gig economy?
With the advances in technology that allow Online platforms as employment agencies act and set the conditions for the employment relationship, the new world of work runs the risk that these companies secure a monopoly on job placement. For example, Uber in the US increased the fee from 20 percent for each trip to 30 percent that the driver must pay to the company per trip. The working conditions, or how much taxes (Uber and Airbnb) are paid to the agents, are determined by the companies that operate the online platforms.
What to consider if you are interested in a gig job
After graduating from school or university and completing your training, you ask yourself which life and career path you would like to pursue. If you are interested in a gig job, there are a few questions you should ask yourself before you decide to do it.
If you plan to start a family in the near future, you should be aware that this comes with some financial security. The relatively frequent job change, so-called Job hopping, is not very popular with potential future employers. On the other hand, through the job change you got to know many different industries and work models, so that you have gained experience in different areas. Having gained extensive experience and being open to new work alternatives is a quality that many employers want.
All in all, there is a lot to be said for working in the gig economy, but just as much speaks against it. Gig working can be a good alternative to classic jobs in order to gain experience in various industries and to get a taste of everyday work. Gig jobs are also an attractive alternative to doing another job in addition to your actual job and thus increasing your income.
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