What is Allah's IQ
Most Muslims now regard Germany as their home. More and more of them would like to be buried in Germany after their death. End-of-life care for Muslims is a particular challenge from a human and social perspective. This article describes the work of a Muslim dying companion.
End-of-life care encompasses both cultural and religious aspects that are closely related to the good pleasure of Allah. In a tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (sws) it says: “Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, will reproach man on the Day of Resurrection:“ O my servant! I fell ill but you didn't visit me! " The person will answer: “O my Lord! How could I have visited you when you are the Lord of the Worlds? ”Allah will explain:“ Didn't you find out that my servant so-and-so was sick? And you didn't visit him? Didn't you know that if you had visited him, you would have found me with him! ”.
Another hadith names visiting the sick and participating in the funeral prayer as an important duty for every Muslim: “The Muslim has five duties towards his siblings. He is obliged to return the greeting of peace, to wish the sneezing mercy of Allah, to accept the invitation to visit the sick person and to follow the funeral procession. "
Attending the funeral of a believer is also associated with a reward. About this it says in a tradition of the Prophet: “Anyone who takes part in a funeral procession until the funeral prayer has been performed will be rewarded with a 'kirat'. And whoever takes part in it until the funeral is complete will be rewarded with two kirats ”. Someone asked the Prophet, "How many are two kirats?" The Prophet replied: They correspond to two huge mountains (in terms of reward) ”.
Death is a beginning, not an end
Death is an integral and inescapable part of this life. From a Muslim point of view, however, it is not the end, but the transition into a new, eternal station, which is referred to in the sources as "Dâr al-Ahira":
“And this life in this world is nothing but pleasure and senseless hustle and bustle. And certainly the abode on the other side is real life, if they only knew it! "
With death, therefore, the person enters eternal life in the hereafter. In the Koran it says:
“Their reward with their Lord is Paradise, through which rivers flow, in which they are forever, forever. (...). "
If you keep in mind that death is actually a beginning and not an end, and that a deceased Muslim receives compensation for the suffering experienced, all these "disadvantages" appear in a new light.
Care and support
Pastoral activities that were previously taken over by relatives and relatives are now part of the duties of imams or Muslim pastors. One of the reasons for this is that the activity of the Muslim dying attendant requires not only sensitivity and empathy but also religious knowledge. This includes knowledge of the Koran recitation, motivating prophetic stories, but also about the procedure of the washing of the dead and the funeral prayer.
The aim is to beautify and simplify the last months, weeks and days of the dying person by spending this time with them, taking away their fears and encouraging them. Muslim dying companions are actively involved in caring for and supporting the dying person through various rituals.
The first task of the dying companion is to calm the dying person down and give him confidence. If the dying person is in pain, it should be relieved with medical assistance. Friends and relatives should be able to show their appreciation to the dying person through their presence at any time and to give them a sense of security. This not only symbolizes solidarity, friendship, it also helps him to deal with the situation more easily. Maybe it's the last chance to say goodbye to family and friends.
Belonging to the Islamic faith, however, also creates additional needs at the end of a Muslim's life, which the dying companion must address.
Religiously sensitive terminal care
From an Islamic perspective, the most important thing is to maintain the faith of the dying person. Family, friends and visitors pray for forgiveness for him and recite various suras or verses from the Koran, such as sura 36 (Yâsîn). Both the dying person and his loved ones can find comfort and calm down through recitation and prayers.
It may well happen that the dying person gets remorse in his last days and wonders whether Allah will forgive him. The dying companion should be prepared for such situations. For example, one can tell stories from the life of the prophets to give them courage and hope by reminding the dying that no one can get to Paradise through their deeds, but only through the mercy of Allah. When you realize that death is approaching, you should whisper the Creed in the ear of the dying person. In a tradition of the Prophet Muhammad it says: "The one whose last words are 'Lâ ilâha illallâh - there is no god but Allah' - will come to paradise." The dying person should repeat these words, but should not be pressured to do so.
The dying process is also accompanied by religious rituals, which are supposed to facilitate the transition from this world to the hereafter. Since the dying person is usually very thirsty, the mouth area and lips of the dying person should often be moistened. When death approaches, one should try to carefully lay the dying person's body on its right side, facing Mecca, if that is possible without causing him pain. The last thing the dying man ingests, if any, should be water from the Zamzam spring.
Accompaniment beyond death
After the onset of death, the deceased's eyelids are closed and the arms are placed either on top of one another or next to the body. So that the mouth does not open, a cloth is placed around the chin of the deceased and bandaged to the head. The feet are also tied together at the two big toes. Then the washing of the dead takes place and the body is clothed with the shroud. This is followed by the funeral prayer, during which the community prays for the deceased. The imam also asks the community to forgive the deceased if there have been disputes.
After the funeral prayer, the deceased is carried to the grave in a wooden coffin, where he is buried without a coffin, only in the shrouds. One tries to lay him on his right side with his face towards Mecca. The imam stays at the grave after the burial, recites the Koran and says supplications.
Both the ablution and the burial should proceed quickly, ideally within the first 24 hours after death.
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