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The 10 largest oil companies in the world: business is going well despite the crisis
The business with crude oil as one of the most sought-after raw materials on this planet continues to function well. A few big oil companies have split the cake, including such big names as ExxonMobil, Gazprom, Petrochina, Shell and BP.
On closer inspection, it becomes clear that the profits are primarily achieved through price adjustments. The actual production volume has been falling for some time. This means that investors should be particularly vigilant to news that relate to new production opportunities (keyword: fracking) or other increased oil production.
Where oil is produced: Oil companies stocks
The ranking of the oil production of the OPEC countries (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) is clearly structured (as of 2014): Saudi Arabia is in first place, where 12.5 million barrels are currently produced daily.
With some distance it then takes second place. There we find Iraq with a daily output of 3.7 million barrels. This is followed by Kuwait (3.3 million barrels / day), the United Arab Emirates (2.9 million barrels / day) as well as Iran and Venezuela, each with 3 million barrels of oil production per day.
Nigeria (with 2.4 million barrels / day) and Libya with 1.5 million barrels / day deliver smaller production quantities. In addition to the production centers in the OPEC countries, oil naturally also comes to us from the USA, Russia and Great Britain.
Oil Company Stocks: Opportunities for Investors
There are various ways for investors to participate in the profits of the oil companies. On the one hand, of course, the classic share purchase. It should be noted that the risk decreases the broader the respective producer is on the market.
Funds such as iShares Stoxx Europe 600 Oil & Gas or iShares S&P Commodity Producers Oil & Gas and Amundi MSCI World Energy also reduce the risk by focusing on several individual stocks.
Alternatively, it is possible to invest directly in crude oil using certificates. (Capped) bonus certificates such as those from Société Générale or Raiffeisen Centrobank are ideal. As always, by choosing the appropriate investment, investors can decide for themselves how much risk they are willing to take. At the same time, however, you also determine the hypothetical maximum possible return.
The most important oil companies at a glance
In the following we have put together a quick overview of the 11 largest oil companies in the world in a ranking based on their market capitalization:
1. Exxon Mobil (market cap: $ 344.1 billion)
Exxon Mobil is the world's largest energy company, with market capitalization of $ 344.1 billion and 2017 sales of $ 230.1 billion. The company's operations include the exploration and production of oil and gas, the production of electricity and the extraction of coal and minerals. Other business areas include the production and sale of gasoline, oil products and chemicals.
2. Royal Dutch Shell ($ 306.5 billion)
Royal Dutch Shell (RD) is the world's second largest oil company in terms of sales (2017: US $ 321.8 billion). The double holding was abolished in 2005 and a uniform group structure with one management was established. Business areas are exploration and production of oil and gas, petrochemical products and renewable energies. The group also operates the world's largest network of petrol stations.
3. Chevron ($ 248.1 billion)
The globally operating energy company Chevron, based in Brazil and the USA, claims to be the largest producer of geothermal energy. The company is active in the oil and gas industry in more than 180 countries and employed around 51,900 people in 2017. With a market capitalization of over $ 248.1 billion, it ranks third in our ranking.
4. PetroChina (US $ 220.2 billion)
Petrochina was formed in 1999 as a spin-off from the state-owned China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC). Today the group is the market leader in the Chinese oil sector. Its main activities are the exploration and production of oil and gas, the manufacture of chemical products and the operation of refineries and a network of around 19,500 filling stations in China. The main customers in the domestic market are Sinopec and the parent company CNPC.
5. Total ($ 168 billion)
The French mineral oil company Total, headquartered in Paris, is also one of the world's largest oil companies. Around 99,000 people are currently employed in 130 countries, and Total produces gas and oil in 30 countries. The share is listed on the French CAC 40 index and on the American NYSE. The market capitalization of over $ 168 billion puts Total in 5th place.
6th BP ($ 152.6 billion)
BP is a holding company whose main businesses are the exploration, production, refining and marketing of oil and natural gas, and the processing and sale of petrochemical products. In 2017, the company generated sales of US $ 251.9 billion and market capitalization is US $ 152.6 billion.
7. Sinopec ($ 138.6 billion)
The Chinese company was founded in Beijing in 2000. It deals with oil and natural gas resources worldwide, refines and markets petrochemical products. SInopec is one of three largest oil companies in China. In 2016 it was the most successful oil and gas company with the largest turnover.
8. Reliance Industries ($ 93.1 billion)
The largest company in India was founded in 1966. With sales of US $ 60.8 billion, it ranks 83rd on Forbes Glodal 2000 (as of 2018). Reliance Industries focuses primarily on petrochemicals (exploration and refining) and textiles (under the Vimal brand).
9. Petrobras ($ 92.6 billion)
Petrobras is a Brazilian company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. Founded in 1953, the company has been active in the gas and oil segments with over 15 refineries in Brazil and abroad. The company is partly owned by the government.
10. Equinor ($ 90.2 billion)
Equinor (formerly Statoil ASA) was founded in 1972 and is the largest oil and gas company in the Nordic countries. Statoil is present in 34 countries around the world. The main production areas are in Brazil, the North Sea and the Barents Sea. The group also operates 8 refineries in Norway, Denmark, Germany and the UK.
SBO: A bet on a comeback in the oil industry With shares in the Austrian oil and gas supplier SBO, you can bet on a comeback in the industry. > read more
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