Does an absolute exist?

Does such a thing as absolute truth exist - universal truth?



To understand absolute or universal truth, we must start with the definition of truth. Truth is used in the dictionary as "correspondence with a fact or reality; a statement which is proven or assumed to be true ”is defined. Some people would say that there is no real reality, only perceptions and opinions. Others would argue that there must be an absolute reality or truth.

One point of view is that there is no absolute that defines reality. Those who defend this opinion believe that everything relates to something else; consequently, such a thing as real reality cannot exist. Therefore there is ultimately no moral absolute, no authority that can decide whether an action is positive or negative, right or wrong. This view leads to “situation ethics, that is, the view that right or wrong depends on the situation. There is nothing right and nothing wrong; so what is felt to be right or appears right at the time and the particular situation is also right. Of course, situational ethics leads to the subjective mentality and lifestyle of "whatever feels good" which has a devastating effect on society and individuals. This is postmodernism that creates a society that regards all values, beliefs, lifestyles and claims to truth as equally valid.

According to the other view, there are absolute realities and standards that determine what is true and what is not. Therefore, actions can be determined to be either right or wrong, depending on the extent to which they follow these absolute standards. If there were no absolute, no reality, chaos would break out. For example, let's look at the law of gravitation. If it were not an absolute, we might not be sure that we can stand or sit in one place until we have decided to move. Or if two plus two weren't always four, the effects on civilization would be disastrous. The laws of science and physics would be irrelevant, and trade - impossible. What chaos would then reign! Fortunately, two plus two always makes four. There is absolute truth and it can be found and understood.

It is illogical to say that there is no such thing as absolute truth. Today many people cling to a cultural relativism that denies any kind of absolute truth. A good question to ask people who say "There is no absolute truth" would be, "Are you absolutely sure?" And if you say "yes" then you have made an absolute statement - which itself presupposes the existence of absolute categories. So you are saying that the very fact that there is no absolute truth is the only absolute truth.

Besides the contradiction in terms, there are a few other logical problems that one must overcome in order to be able to believe that there are no absolute or universal truths. One of them is that all human beings have limited knowledge and limited understanding and therefore are logically incapable of making negative absolute statements. A person cannot logically say, "There is no God" (although many do), since in order to make such a statement one should have absolute knowledge of the whole universe from beginning to end. Because that is impossible, in the best case one could logically say: "With my limited knowledge, I do not believe that God exists."

Another problem with denial of the absolute / universal truth is that it does not correspond to what is true in our conscience and experience and which we see in the real world. If there is no such thing as absolute truth, then ultimately there is nothing right or wrong about anything. What may be "right" for you may not be "right" for me. On the surface, this kind of relativism seems appealing, but it does mean that everyone has their own set of rules about what to live by and what he / she thinks is right. It is inevitable that one's sense of right will soon conflict with another's sense of right. What would happen if it were “right” for me to ignore the traffic lights even when they are red? Many people's lives would be at risk. Our standards for right and wrong are clearly at odds. If there is no absolute truth and standards of right and wrong that we should all follow, then we could never be sure of anything. People would be free to do what they want - murder, rape, theft, lying, cheating, etc., and no one could say that is wrong. There would be no government, no laws and no justice because one could not even say that the majority has the right to introduce and enforce standards that would also apply to the minority. A world without absolute standards would be the most terrifying world imaginable.

From a spiritual point of view, this type of relativism leads to religious confusion: there is no true religion and it is impossible to have a proper relationship with God. All religions would therefore be wrong because they all make absolute claims about the afterlife. Nowadays it is not uncommon to believe that two completely opposite religions hold alike, even when both religions claim to be the only way to heaven or teach two completely opposite "truths". Those who do not believe in absolute truth ignore these claims and cling to a more tolerant universalism that teaches that all religions are equal and that all roads lead to heaven. Those who hold this view strongly oppose evangelical Christians who believe the Bible when it proclaims that Jesus is "the way, the truth and the life" (John 14: 6), the ultimate manifestation of truth and the only way that can get us to heaven.

Tolerance has become the cardinal virtue of postmodern society, the only absolute; consequently intolerance is the only evil. Every dogmatic conviction - especially the belief in absolute truth - is seen as intolerance, i.e. the greatest sin. Those who deny the absolute truth will often say that it is OK to believe what you want as long as you don't try to impose your beliefs on others. But that view is itself a belief of what is right and what is wrong, and those who defend it would in all likelihood try to impose these on others. They set an ethical standard and require others to follow it; In doing so, however, they violate what they claim to uphold - another contradicting point of view. Those who hold this view simply do not want to be responsible for their actions. If there were absolute truth, there would also be absolute standards for right and wrong, and we would be responsible for those standards. Indeed, this responsibility is what people actually reject when they deny absolute truth.

The denial of the absolute / universal truth and the cultural relativism that goes with it are the logical results of a society that has adopted the theory of evolution as an explanation of life. If naturalistic evolution is true, then life has no meaning, no goal, and there can be nothing absolutely right or wrong. You are free to live as you like and are not responsible for any action. But regardless of how sinfully people deny God's existence and absolute truth, one day they will still stand before His judgment. The Bible proclaims that “... For what can be known of God is evident among them; for God revealed it to them. Because his invisible being - that is his eternal power and deity - has been seen in his works since the creation of the world, if one perceives it, so that they have no excuse. For although they knew about God, they did not praise him as God or thank him, but fell into nothingness in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts are darkened. Those who thought they were wise became fools ”(Romans 1: 19-22).

Is There Any Evidence for the Existence of Absolute Truth? Yes. First, there is the human conscience, that certain "something" there in us that tells us that the world should be of a certain kind and that some things are right and some are wrong. Our consciences convince us that there is something wrong with suffering, starvation, rape, pain, and evil, and that other things like love, generosity, compassion, and peace are positive and we should strive for them. This is the universal truth that applies to all cultures and in all. The Bible describes the role of human conscience in Romans 2: 14-16: “For if Gentiles who do not have the law naturally do what the law requires, then although they do not have the law, they are themselves self law. They are proving that the work of the law is written in their hearts; their conscience testifies to them, as do the thoughts that accuse or excuse one another, on the day when God judges what is hidden in people through Christ Jesus, as my Gospel testifies. "

The second proof of the existence of absolute truth is science. Science is simply the pursuit of knowledge, the study of what we know, and the search for more knowledge. Therefore, any scientific study must necessarily be based on the belief that there are objective realities that exist in the world that can be discovered and proven. Without absolute realities, what would there be to study? How should one know if the findings of science are real? In reality, all scientific laws rely on the existence of absolute truth.

The third proof of the existence of absolute / universal truth is religion. All religions in the world try to explain the meaning and definition of life. They arose out of the human pursuit of more than mere existence. Through religion, people search for God, for hope for the future, for the forgiveness of sins, for peace in the midst of struggles and for answers to the deepest questions. Religion is real evidence that humanity is more than just a more sophisticated animal. It proves a higher goal and that there is a personal and purposeful Creator who has instilled in people the desire to get to know him. And if there really is a Creator, then he becomes the standard of absolute truth, and it is his authority that established that truth.

Fortunately, there is a Creator and He revealed His truth to us through His Word, through the Bible. Knowing the absolute / universal truth can only be achieved through personal relationship with the one who claims to be the truth - Jesus Christ. Jesus proclaimed that he was the only truth, the only life, and the only way to God (John 14: 6). The fact that there is absolute truth points to the truth that there is a sovereign God who created heaven and earth and who revealed himself to us so that we could know him personally through his Son, Jesus Christ. That is the absolute truth.



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Does such a thing as absolute truth exist - universal truth?
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