What is your preferred fishing rod

Fishing rods

Different fishing rods (© Serge Touch / stock.adobe.com)

The next fishing trip is coming up and a suitable fishing rod still has to be chosen? In order to successfully catch target fish, it has to be the right fishing rod with the right fishing accessories. In fact, the confusing variety of different fishing rods often does not make it easy to make the differences in purpose and use clear. The main types of fishing rods are presented below.


Various aspects such as overall size, rod length, casting weight, reel seat and an extended range of functions are decisive for determining fishing rods and for their categorization. Not only professional anglers, but also passionate hobby anglers need reliable equipment in order to achieve the best possible catch results when fishing. The most important thing about a fishing rod, however, is its range of action. This depends on the respective casting weights and baits. Therefore, it is definitely an advantage if fishing rods, reels and other essential accessories are tailored to the target fish.

Spinning rods

Anyone looking for big catches of perch, catfish, pikeperch or pike will fall back on the overwhelming range of first-class spinning rods. A good spinning rod is the perfect choice for fishing in almost all waters and allows both bank fishing and bait casting from a boat. A proven spinning rod can normally handle pulling weights of up to 15 kg. They owe their great flexibility to their plastic materials reinforced with carbon fibers and fiberglass. Resilient spinning rods are indispensable, especially when fishing for pikeperch, pike, catfish and perch. With a spinning rod, super light (up to 10 g) or ultra-heavy casting weights (up to 250 g) are used.

Spinning rods are available in different rod lengths. 2.80 m long spinning rods are ideal for an all-rounder rod. Shorter versions are also particularly popular with boat fishing, while spinning rods over 3 m long are also used for bank fishing. Spinning rods with a telescopic structure are particularly practical for reasons of mobility and can be folded up and set up again without stress. In the end, however, they are less resilient than the classic spinning rod. The construction may be a bit more tedious here, but spinning rods with plug-in construction are given priority, especially by professional anglers, due to their solidity, flexibility and resilience as well as the optimal line guidance. In order to repeatedly practice the casting technique, which is essential for spin fishing, spinning rods must lie comfortably in the hand and be optimally balanced. The special bait management includes various approaches such as jigging, plucking or grinding. Small-sized stationary rollers with a smoothly functioning brake are recommended here.

Pole rods

Pole fishing is suitable for shoreline areas on lakes and rivers with shallow depths and light currents. Poles impress with their overwhelmingly long design line, which extends to lengths of 3.5 m to 16 m (pole, uninged). Popular non-coarse fish such as rudd, bream or carp and some predatory fish are best caught with pole rods. Many anglers prefer pole poles because of their optimal assembly control, because the majority of them are equipped without reels. This may prove to be a disadvantage, especially when hauling in fighting fish, as there is only a limited line length (monofilament line 0.14 mm - 0.16 mm). This is then compensated for with an internal cushioning rubber band. Shorter line lengths allow more accurate pole fishing. On the other hand, perfect casting precision and the direct contact with the bait offer numerous advantages for precise fishing. Some special pole designs are equipped with stationary rollers and rings.

When choosing the right pole, the appropriate length and the analogue casting weight must be taken into account. There should be an optimal relationship between rod length and casting weight. Natural bait on small hooks and small split leads are appropriate. Pole fishing with a high top load can become a strenuous affair prematurely. An essential feature of pole rods is a rod holder, which is used to fix one or more pole rods and should be very stable.

Bolognese rods

Another long rod is the Italian Bolognese fishing rod, which is reminiscent of pole rods in terms of design, shape and use. They are mainly geared towards non-predatory fish such as bream, rudd, barb and aland. Bolognese rods, however, have a high line capacity and are equipped with a roller system. They have reliable roller brakes and steeply protruding line rings. The presence of a line release means that a Bolognese rod can also be used for catching big fighting fish. Due to its imposing length (usually 3.5 m to 8 m long), the Bolognese rod is also an ideal fishing tackle for bank fishing in waters with a light current. The flexible catching system with a Bolognese rod allows perfect running pose control even in wind and weather. At greater depths, you can fish with a common float.

Bolognese rods can also keep up with rivers with stronger currents and impress with their high precision, casting accuracy and safe fighting behavior. They ensure optimal pose guidance far upstream and at depths of up to 5 m. Particularly flexible materials such as carbon fiber products should be preferred due to their high stability and lightness. Far protruding, coated slide rings at the tip of the Bolognese rod ensure excellent ease of movement and agile tip action.

Ice fishing rods

Ice fishing rods are clearly designed for fishing in icy waters. They usually come in short lengths, up to 1 meter, as there is no need to cast a longer line when ice fishing. The bait determines the exact execution of an ice fishing rod. Short, rigid fishing rods are used in conjunction with a steep and symmetrically sinking bait for fishing for perch, pikeperch or pike. When ice fishing with small lead baits such as Mormyshka jig heads with hooks, on the other hand, more flexible fishing tips with thin monofilament or braided lines are preferred.

Normal casting weights are between 20 g and 30 g, special ice fishing rods with a high dead weight come with a casting weight of up to 50 g. Good ice fishing rods are equipped with a regular stationary reel, are stable and solidly constructed and have a sensitive fiberglass tip for optimal action.

Carp rods

The carp is definitely one of the very attractive target fish. For many anglers, carp fishing is an absolute highlight. The flexible casting weight for carp rods is given in pounds (lb) depending on the model. The test curve readings tend to range between 1.5 lbs and 3.5 lbs. This is the required casting weight so that during the test curve the tip of the horizontally positioned carp rod points 90 ° vertically downwards. Successful carp fishing means using techniques such as bottom, surface and float fishing. Carbon fiber rods are far more stable, lighter and more flexible in use and offer a progressive action. An optimal titanium double bar ring is necessary, because when fishing for carp, intense forces develop with enormous pressure exertion. Ring inlays made of silicon carbide, aluminum oxide or titanium oxide prevent potential damage to the line. A few, but large rings on the carp fishing rod ensure a wide casting performance. Perfect carp reels with an optimal gear ratio ensure the necessary freewheel and dynamic braking force.

The length of a carp rod is also often given in ft and depends entirely on the area of ​​use. Fishing from a boat requires a short carp fishing rod, while longer lengths (3m to 4m) are recommended for bank fishing. Carp prefer live bait like maggots and worms, as well as dough, bread and potatoes.

Fly rods

Fly fishing is a demanding art of fishing that is based on the fact that swimmers or leads are completely dispensed with. Fly rods only use insects in the form of live bait or as artificial bait, which are stabilized on a fish hook. In addition, a weight is attached to keep the feather-light insects under water. Their parabolic procedure allows the use of various throwing techniques and a medium-fast radius of action.

High-quality fly rods consist of multi-part, high-density carbon fiber sets and line rollers with tear-resistant cotton. Single-handed fly rods are ideal for fishing smaller fish, while double-handed fly rods should be preferred for fishing for big predators. 2.75 m fly rods are ideal for beginners. Both the water and various fishing techniques require appropriate fly rod lengths. For nymph fishing in rivers or lakes, longer fly rods (up to 8 m) prove to be particularly efficient. Correctly attached nymphs are used here. Nymph fishing without a bite indicator only makes sense if the target fish's bite phase can actually be seen. Otherwise, nymph fishing with a bite indicator is more effective. The AFFTA class of a fly rod indicates which target fish it is particularly suitable for. Regular fly rods, which are ideal for inland waters, belong to AFFTA class 5.

Telescopic rods

The telescopic rod is very popular as a particularly flexible fishing tackle and can be found in every excursion bag. High-quality carbon fiber rods are particularly stable and corrosion-resistant. The sliding segments of a high-quality telescopic rod are connected to one another in such a way that they can withstand high loads. Their tailor-made production is an absolute prerequisite for their practical and successful use, as a telescopic rod should also be able to take on a capital target fish. Even heavy predatory fish should be easy to catch with a good telescopic rod.

Due to the plug-in concept of telescopic rods, the rings are placed at a greater distance, which can lead to increased friction when casting. The ratio between rod length and casting weight must also be well balanced here. Regular rod lengths tend to be between 2.4 m and 4.2 m. An all-round telescopic rod from a higher price segment is in this case a well-invested purchase for a successful fishing experience.

Match rods

The peculiarities of match fishing require special equipment in order to efficiently carry out long casts with wagglers. Therefore, match rods develop a continuous lightness and sensitivity and can still be used for heavy target fish and fighters. Their impressive stamina is due to the special guides with many race rings (14 to 16 rings) and an optimized load and force distribution. However, match rods are mainly used for fishing for coarse fish (white fish) such as rudd, trout, bream or carp. They come up with large throwing distances and demonstrate the ability to act quickly. Three different lines are used for match rod fishing. Floating bodies weighing 2 to 10 g should be attached to a solid main fishing line made of dark nylon, which has enough weight to sink and not be driven away from the fishing point.

Carbon fiber rods are also preferred for match fishing due to their solid resistance and low weight. Match rods with a length of 3.5 m to 6 m are ideal for bank fishing, while more compact designs are ideal for boat fishing.

Pilk rods

Pilk rods are designed for sea fishing from a boat. In order to meet the special challenges of sea fishing, pilk rods have a special structure. They are short and only conditionally flexible due to their stiff backbone. This allows them a high casting weight to quickly sink the bait constellation, which is essential in the often adverse weather conditions and strong currents on the high seas. Target fish are halibut, turbot, whiting, ling, coalfish, hake and cod, which are best caught with an artificial bait with a bite, the metal pirk in fish replica. Different action methods of the pirk during the sinking, such as ground contact and mean water flow, then attract target fish to bite. Bycatchers such as streamers, twisters or rubber makks are attached to the regular pirk and contribute significantly to better catching results.

Pilk rods should be equipped with appropriate pilk weights depending on the depth of the sea, currents and winds. A minimum weight of 100 g - 150 g applies to a depth of 20 m; at a depth of 50 m, at least 150 g pilk weight should be calculated. For water 100 m deep, pilk weights must be at least 300 g to 500 g.

Baitcast rods

One of the most commonly used fishing techniques is fishing with baitcast rods, which is actually assigned to spinning rods. This is where direct bait guides and powerful actions come into play. Twisters and rubber fish, wobblers and spoons are used with a baitcast rod and aimed at larger target fish and predators. The repeated casting and retrieval of the line with bait as well as the back and forth movement of the bait line requires a good baitcast rod with a low dead weight.

Good baitcast rods are a little shorter than spinning rods with a maximum length of 2.40 m. They should be equipped with a light spool, an ergonomic, energy-saving trigger grip underneath the multroll and lightweight guide parts with a stainless steel frame. The upward-pointing rings plus guide ring must be lined up close together on a baitcast rod to ensure smooth line guidance. The specialty of a baitcast fishing rod, however, lies in its compact, lightweight baitcast reel. Their positioning allows one-handed casting, whereby impressive throwing distances are made possible with first-class ball bearings. Baitcast fishing rods have differentiated braking modes, which are not only used to release the line, but also to prevent spool over-rotation and the formation of wigs.

Catfish rods

Catfish rods are designed for fishing for heavy freshwater fish and especially for the European catfish. The largest freshwater fish in Europe is the catfish, or catfish. This mega-fish is active during twilight in calm, oxygen-rich waters, stream edges and under sunken trees. Catfish fishing enthusiasts need a good deal of patience and skill to track down a catfish and record a successful bite. Active (mobile) and passive fishing methods (stationary) are used. Active catfish fishing is done with a correspondingly dynamic catfish spinning rod or a vertical boat rod, while catfish set-up rods are used for passive catfish fishing.

Vertical catfish boat rods are used in conjunction with vertical baits such as teasers and fireball rigs for direct drilling above the catfish. With a length of 1.60 m to 2.10 m, they are relatively short, mainly one-piece and compact, and demonstrate a high level of stability. Catfish spinning rods have lengths between 2.10 m and 3 m and cast weights of up to 250 g.

Surf rods

Surf fishing for cod, halibut or flatfish is carried out from the edge of the sea, i.e. from the beach. Surf fishing is based on the optimal execution of long casts, which often exceed distances of 50 m or 100 m. The tip of the well-balanced surf rod should be sensitive enough to register bites that far away. A brightly painted tip indicates that the bait has been touched and can better draw the angler's attention to the moment of bite. The rings demonstrate an unimpeded line guide due to the larger rings.

Surf rods should have a minimum length of 4 m to 4.5 m and be equipped with long handles for first-class leverage to enable better casting distances. Here, too, heavy weights of up to 300 g can be used, which sink quickly and are not carried away by waves and wind. If you activate several surf rods at the same time, you should consider using an efficient surf rod holder in the form of a telescopic tripod.

Travel routes

In order to be prepared for a perfect occasion at all times during your vacation, collapsible travel fishing rods, which can be easily stowed in any piece of luggage, are the ideal solution (pack size up to 70 cm). In the form of telescopic or plug-in rods, they can be used as classic all-rounders for various fishing techniques. In the case of plug-in travel rods, the individual components are plugged onto one another during assembly.The immediate pushing together of the blank on a telescopic rod allows this travel rod to be used immediately.

A travel rod can normally be up to 2.70 m long when ready for action. Its length and the area of ​​application for pirking or spin fishing determine the casting weight. Baitcast travel rods are equipped with a suitable multiplier, which ensures perfect ejection and reliable bait guidance.


Fishing rods are usually differentiated according to use, fishing method, transportability, as well as rod length and casting weight. The following criteria determine their suitability for target fish of any kind.

Weight and length of the tail

The length of a rod is determined by the fishing method used. Fishing techniques on the shore and on the beach require rods of greater length. For fishing directly on the water, shorter fishing rods are used for reasons of optimal handiness.

How heavy a fishing rod should be also depends on the fishing technique. Lightweight fishing rods are especially important for long hours of spin fishing, where fatigue-free fishing is a great advantage. Short, heavy rods are suitable for big game fishing for large marine fish.

Top action

Information on rod strengths such as "ultra-light" or "extra heavy" is important insofar as it states for which target fish they can be used favorably. Depending on the target fish, the range of action of a fishing rod must be taken into account. The most important actions include the "Parabolic action", the "Semi-parabolic action" and the "Top action"As well as the"Reset speed". You can find out more about this in our article on the peak campaign.

Bending action of fishing rods explained The rod action determines how quickly or slowly actions are implemented by the rod. Because the bend in the blank causes the action (for example, a light pluck when jigging to make the bait jump over the bottom), the action is transferred to the end, i.e. the bait, at different speeds.

Throwing weight

The casting weight of a fishing rod is given in pounds or grams. In general, casting weights up to 350 g are used for sea fishing. For fishing in freshwater regions, casting weights of up to 150 g are used. Test information on the blank of a rod gives the approximate casting weight factors for the minimum and maximum casting weight of the bait. Depending on the blank weight and casting weight, the class of a fishing rod is determined (ultra-light, light, medium-light, heavy, ultra-heavy).


The handle on a fishing rod comes in different lengths. An ergonomic design and high slip resistance are prerequisites for an effective use of the fishing rod. Cork coatings and hard rubber are common materials that make the fishing rod more efficient. Short handles are ideal for boat fishing, while longer handles should be chosen for surf and bank fishing for effective leverage.


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