What does televangelism mean
Lexicon of film terms
actually: tele-evangelism; from the English: televangelism = Suitcase word off television and evangelism
Televangelism describes the spread of Christian teaching through the mass medium of television, predominantly through television preachers - the Televangelists. The movement, which comes primarily from the USA, has its roots in the radio. In the early 1920s, Christian preachers began broadcasting religious content over the radio. Aimee Semple McPherson, the founder of Four Square Church, which today has more than eight million members, is considered to be one of the first great pioneers to win over radio and broadcast religious radio programs regularly between 1920 and 1930. Jack Wyrtzen, Percy Crawford and Fulton J. Sheen were the first television preachers to offer a regular television program in the USA from the spring of 1949. The Time Magazine called Sheen after his mission in 1951 as the "first televangelist [s]", hence the original term. Right from the start, the television programs served both for proselytizing and conveying the Christian faith, as well as for fundraising (the latter being frequently criticized). Well-known American televangelists today include Billy Graham, Ted Haggard, Benny Hinn, Marcus Lamb, Peter Popoff, Pat Robertson, Gene Scott, and Jimmy Swaggart.
In Germany and Europe, televangelism in the form so prominent in the USA has never been developed. Specialized TV channels such as Bible TV, K-TV or ERF-Fernsehen only achieve low ratings. The program structure is also not as tied to individuals as in the USA. The best-known German representative is the Protestant pastor Jürgen Fliege (retired as pastor in 2012).
Literature: Bretthauer, Berit: Televangelism in the USA. Religion between individualization and communalization. Frankfurt: Campus 1999. - Hoover, Stewart M .: Mass media religion. The social sources of the electronic church. London: Sage Publications 1988. - Sheen, [Bishop] Fulton J .: The First Televangelist. In: Times Magazine, May 14, 1952,: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,857161,00.html.
Article last changed on 10/13/2012
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