What is the future of aerospace engineering
It all started with the “dream of flying” in the aerospace industry. After all, it was Icarus who became the first person to fly around the year 0 based on the example of the bird world - but only in a legend that, as is well known, ends tragically.
The development started with balloons, airships and gliding flights. Names like de Gusmao, Brothers Montgolfier, Charles, Giffard, Lilienthal and von Zeppelin should be mentioned in this context.
But it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that the Wright brothers managed the first powered flight and Cornu the first manned helicopter flight. As with many groundbreaking developments in the aerospace industry, the focus in the beginning was the hunt for records, such as the first crossing of the English Channel, the North Atlantic, etc. The aircraft could be admired in aerial shows. Inventors like Junkers and Boeing made their mark in the history books.
The development in the aerospace industry
The aerospace industry was quickly commercialized. Deutsche Lufthansa was created in 1926 from a merger between Deutsche Aero Lloyd and Junkers Luftverkehr. After all, according to the Lufthansa chronicle, they started with 162 aircraft at that time. Due to the increased demand for cargo space, the legendary JU-52 was developed and built in Germany. Propeller engines dominated the action. But political events quickly left their mark on aviation, and in World War II aircraft were brought into the field as a crucial weapon. The Messerschmitt Me 262 should be remembered at this point.
The aerospace industry really took off in the 1940s. The development brought technological quantum leaps such as jet, jet and supersonic aircraft. In the civil sector, the transport of passengers and freight was recognized as a lucrative business with great potential. With the Super Constellation, Lufthansa started the first German passenger flights all over the world in 1955. Nevertheless, in these times flight tickets were almost unaffordable for the average consumer and were basically withheld from an “exclusive circle”. The appearance of an airplane in the sky was still considered an attraction at the beginning of the 1960s, which was admired with wide eyes and open mouth.
The aerospace industry as a mass business
It was not until years later that civil aviation became a mass business spanning the globe. Ever larger and / or faster aircraft were built, such as the Jumbo Jet (Boeing 747) or the Concorde. The aircraft market was dominated by the Americans for a long time. 1972 was the year of the turning point. On October 28, 1972, the European co-production Airbus A300B took off from the ground for the first time. Today, Airbus delivers more aircraft than any other manufacturer in the world.
The new hopeful A380 is to further expand its top position in the aerospace industry as the largest passenger aircraft in the world. But the first clouds are gathering and doubts are being raised as to whether Germany has enough staff, especially engineers, for the A380 aircraft that have been ordered. There is already a threat of delivery delays that could cost EADS a head and neck. When talking about the aviation industry today, the military offshoot of the industry must not be forgotten either. Great expectations are associated with the Eurofighter, the A400 M transport aircraft and the helicopter programs.
The aerospace industry made the step to the moon possible
In terms of aerospace, too, the Europeans left the field to the Americans and the Soviets of the time for a long time. As for manned space travel, they had to watch as Jurij Gagarin became the first human to launch into space, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin went on their lunar walks and the two nations kept going head-to-head for new records and explorations. It was only the strategic and political importance of the satellite presence in space that inspired the Europeans to jointly develop Ariane 1, which was first launched in 1979. In addition to the Ariane, the European satellite navigation system GALILEO must not be forgotten today.
The aerospace industry in Germany is one of the small business sectors, which naturally occupies the majority of its jobs with engineers and technicians. After going through turbulent times, the industry is again looking to the future with optimism. However, high fuel prices and difficult political developments will continue to bother the industry in the future, and of course the question of how things will go with the Airbus site in Hamburg.
Labor market data in the aerospace industry
Before deciding to start or continue your career in the aerospace industry, it is not wrong to use numbers, facts and statements to get an idea of the current and future state of the industry. A mistake can never be ruled out and forecasts can be wrong, but the following applies: The more specific the products or services in an industry, the smaller the industry and the worse its future appears, the greater the career risk.
The industry then offers little career potential for young professionals and it will likely have to be left sooner or later. For the seasoned engineer who switches to aerospace, it can, in the worst case, lead to a career.
The labor market situation in the aerospace industry
As far as the importance of the aerospace industry is concerned, the BDLI (Federal Association of the German Aerospace Industry) provides the key data for the industry. In the aerospace industry, sales of 18.6 billion euros were achieved in the record year 2005 (+ 16.2% compared to the previous year), with 81,000 employees (+ 8.6% compared to the previous year). This figure includes the sales of companies in civil aviation (63% in 2004), military aviation (29% in 2004) and aerospace (8% in 2004). Germany is one of the most important aerospace nations, but overall the turnover and employment figures do not come close to those of the main German industrial sectors.
According to the VDA (Association of the Automotive Industry), the automotive industry achieved a turnover of around 230 billion euros in 2004, which was generated by 775,000 employees. The aerospace R&D expenditures are considerable, at least in terms of the percentage of sales of 15.6%. In absolute terms, however, it is rather modest at 2.9 billion euros. The Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft (Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft) determined 18 billion euros for the entire vehicle construction, i.e. including shipbuilding, rail vehicle construction, motorcycle construction as well as the aerospace industry. Due to the high-tech nature of the aerospace industry, it can be assumed that many of the jobs are occupied by engineers.
Jobs for engineers in the aerospace industry
The technology-oriented aerospace industry naturally offers engineers appropriate job opportunities. As far as the numerical development is concerned, the SCS job market analyzes, which are mostly used here, do not provide any information. Due to the current situation in the industry, however, it can be assumed that in 2005 the demand from companies clearly exceeded the supply of engineers.
The Federal Employment Agency reports clear bottlenecks in filling vacancies in the aerospace industry. How long this trend will last, however, is likely to be written in the stars. The current Airbus discussions and the release of the four-digit number of “temporary workers” (including a large number of engineers) at the Airbus site in Hamburg to cushion losses due to delayed deliveries leave open where the civil aerospace industry in Germany is going controls.
Job offers in the aerospace industry
The number of vacancies in the aerospace industry only rudiments the number of vacancies in the industry. In difficult times on the labor market, companies expect a large number of unsolicited applications that lead to vacancies. In addition, vacancies are often filled in-house. These positions do not appear in job advertisements on the labor market.
Engineers' interest in the aerospace industry is moderately high. Around 3% of all objectives of the engineers who entered the ingenieurkarriere.de applicant database went towards the aerospace industry. Certainly the economic ups and downs in the industry and the industry-damaging Airbus discussions do not necessarily contribute to stimulating the interest of engineers in the aerospace industry.
Chances of success for applications in the aerospace industry
It has already been stated above that the aerospace industry clearly required more aerospace engineers in 2005 than the market produced. However, the industry is currently going through turbulent times. The result is open. In this respect, one can basically only speculate at this point. Wherever it becomes unsafe, engineers hold back with applications. However the industry evolves, staffing will remain difficult. The engineers who are interested in jobs in the aerospace industry should therefore have a relatively good chance of getting an employment contract.
Some companies in the aerospace industry
Due to the large number of industrial in the aerospace industry and the extensive and heterogeneous range of suppliers (1st tier = main and system suppliers, 2nd tier = subsystem suppliers, 3rd tier = component suppliers and sub-suppliers), an excerpt of the Companies are reproduced:
- Aerodata AG - aerodata.de - flight inspection, avionics and navigation systems
- Aerotech Peissenberg GmbH & Co. KG - aerotech.de - components for
- Aero engines and gas turbines
- Airbus Deutschland GmbH - airbus.com - Manufacture of aircraft
- AOA GmbH - aoa.de - sensors, fuel pumps, process computers
- ASG GmbH - asg.weinheim.de - actuators, valves, sensors
- Behr Industry GmbH & Co. KG - behrindustry.behrgroup.com - air conditioning
- Böhler Uddeholm GmbH - boehler-uddeholm.de - materials (steel)
- Carl Zeiss Optronik GmbH - zeiss-optronik.com - detection / target systems,
- Corus GmbH - corusgroup-koblenz.com - aluminum rolled products
- Dasell GmbH - dasell.com - On-board toilets and washrooms
- Diehl Aerospace GmbH - diehl-avionik.de - cockpit systems, flight control,
- Engine controls
- Deutsche Titan GmbH - deutschetitan.com - semi-finished products made of titanium,
- Titanium alloys
- German Aerospace Center - dlr.de - Research
- Dräger Aerospace GmbH - draeger.aero - oxygen systems
- EADS Astrium GmbH - astrium.eads.net - satellites
- EADS Deutschland GmbH - eads.com - Manufacture of military aircraft
- Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH - eurocopter.com - manufacturer of helicopters
- Galileo Industries - galileo-industries.net - Galileo navigation system
- Goodrich Aerospace Europe GmbH - goodrich.com - "Nacelle" components for
- Aircraft engines
- IABG GmbH - iabg.de - aircraft tests, space tests
- Leistritz GmbH - leistritz.com - turbine components
- Liebherr-Aerospace GmbH - liebherr.com - flight control, landing gear, air conditioning, etc.
- Lufthansa Technik AG - lufthansa-technik.de - maintenance, overhaul of
- MTU Aero Engines GmbH - mtu.de - aircraft engines, maintenance of these
- Otto Fuchs KG - otto-fuchs.com - drop and open die forged parts
- Recaro GmbH & Co. - recaro-as.com - Aircraft Seating
- VCS AG - spacecom.vcs.de - information and communication solutions
- Wittenstein AG - wittenstein.aero - actuators and motors for highly integrated
- mechatronic systems
- ZF Luftfahrttechnik GmbH - zf.com/luftfahrt - Helicopter components
What is the aerospace industry?
The total numbers of companies, employees and sales in the aerospace industry are interesting. They allow a general statement to be made about the importance of an industry and the resulting career potential. Ultimately, however, the homogeneity of the sub-sectors decides which career potential is really available in the sector for the particular engineer. If the products, services, materials and technologies are highly homogeneous, the potential of employers for a possibly intended or necessary job change is higher than in the case of heterogeneous diversity. Of course, the size of the respective sub-branch also plays a role. The larger the sub-branch, the higher the potential.
The aerospace industry can be divided into various sub-sectors. The companies can be roughly divided into manufacturers of the end product (ready-to-use vehicle) and those who supply the various vehicle components. A detailed breakdown can then be made below this.
- Aerospace manufacturer
- Civil aircraft, helicopters
- Military aircraft, helicopters
- Rockets, space shuttles
- Suppliers / components
- Electrical / electronic systems
- Devices / apparatus
- Hydraulic systems
- Mechanical systems
- Optical systems
- Security systems
- Structural components
Upstream and downstream industries in the aerospace industry
It is also important to deal with upstream and downstream aerospace industries. Upstream sectors supply the aerospace sector under consideration with products, services, materials, technologies, etc. Downstream sectors, on the other hand, are the declining sectors of the aerospace sector products. So these considerations are important in determining how easy it is to leave the industry. The larger the upstream and downstream industries, the more likely it is that you will be able to continue your career here.
One of the essential upstream branches of the actual aerospace industry is the component supply industry in the narrower sense. However, according to the general opinion, your companies are already assigned to the aerospace industry. Other important supplier industries for aerospace manufacturers and their direct component suppliers are:
- Model and prototype builders
- Manufacturer of semi-finished products
- Manufacturer of standard parts
- Provider of measurement and testing technology
- Test stand technology company
- Machine and plant builders
- Iron and steel foundries
- Metal foundries
- Steel and metal processors
- Aluminum industry
- Non-ferrous metal industry (copper, zinc, lead, tin, nickel)
- Plastic processing industry
- Rubber industry
- Lightweight industry
- Software company CAx solutions
- Development service providers / engineering offices
- Temporary employment agency
As a downstream branch in the aerospace industry, basically all economic sectors can be listed that use aircraft and space vehicles to a large extent or offer services related to vehicles. In particular, the following are mentioned here:
- Logistics (transport and traffic)
- Vehicle trade
- Repair shops
- Overhaul, maintenance
Related industries in the aerospace industry
For the same reasons, research should be carried out to find out which industries are related to the aerospace industry and which are available for a possible job change. The aerospace industry is strongly linked to other branches of the automotive industry:
- Agricultural working machines
- Automotive industry
- Suppliers to these industries
Despite a certain affinity between the industries, it is unlikely to be possible to switch to these industries from the aerospace industry without a great deal of familiarization and training.
What is produced in the aerospace industry
Before the aerospace industry is considered or excluded from a career start or job change, you should get an overview of the products, services and technologies in the industry. When it comes to choosing an industry, many applicants live from partial knowledge and prejudices. There is less emphasis on a complete presentation or scientific structure.
Rather, terms are strung together that should give the reader a good impression of what is going on in the aerospace industry when skimming them. He should then decide whether he fits the industry or not. Apart from the first three categories, the very meaningful classification of the BDLI (Federal Association of the German Aerospace Industry) has largely been adopted:
Civil aircraft and helicopters
- Passenger aircraft / helicopters (for long-haul, medium-haul, short-haul), transport aircraft / helicopters, aircraft and helicopters for special applications: sports, agricultural, fire-fighting, air rescue operations, etc., government and VIP aircraft
- Military aircraft and helicopters
- Bombers, fighter planes, fighter planes, reconnaissance planes, reconnaissance planes etc., transport machines, attack helicopters etc.
- Rockets and space shuttles
- Rockets, satellites, space shuttles, space stations, space probes
- Lighting systems, armament / reconnaissance systems, de-icing systems, cargo loading systems / kits, interior fittings / galleys, emergency rescue and O2 systems, emergency oxygen and water systems, pilot equipment, electrical and electronic systems
- Avionics / cockpit equipment, electronic components, energy supply systems, flight management computers, flight control systems, air conditioning and ventilation systems / coolers, control and regulation systems, navigation systems, sensors / radar systems, cabling systems
- Mechanical and hydraulic systems
- Operating systems / actuators, ground start devices, transmission system, auxiliary gas turbine, hydraulic systems / pumps, fuel system, valves
- Landing gears, landing gear systems, wings, gears and shafts, flap systems, tail units, rotor systems, other structural components, airframe / fuselage components
- External structure, combustion chamber, nozzles, energy supply systems, instrumentation,
- Cable harnesses, control and regulation systems, navigation systems, payload structure, Q / A test, studies, tanks and floors, thermal protection components, separation systems, turbo pumps, VEB, valves / lines
- Blading, combustion chamber, inlet / fan, housing, gear components, hydraulic systems, cooling systems, afterburner, test stands, control systems, discs and components, thrust reverser, system management, turbine, compressor
The technical language in the aerospace industry
One of the important questions that arises for every newcomer to the industry is about the positions and their title. For speculative applications in particular, you should familiarize yourself with the common positions in the aerospace industry.
Job advertisements from the aerospace sector provide the necessary knowledge. The item designations are just as diverse as the products and components of the aerospace industry and the supplier industry. In more than half of the displays, the function can be found in the center of the position designation, e.g. B. Production optimization, development, engine repair or quality manager, construction or design engineer, sales engineer.
The academic title sought is added relatively rarely, e.g. Dipl.-Ing. Aerospace, Dipl.-Ing. Mechatronics. The products or components involved are then named in the advertising text. In many advertisements, the occupational field is combined with the product, component or material, e.g. B. Pre-developer lighting technology, development engineer cabin interior, overhaul PW4000 engineer. The following are examples that give a little insight into the position names in the industry.
Job profiles in the aerospace industry
Positions in sales and distribution:
Technical writer, sales engineer, key account manager (e.g. Airbus), head of sales and strategic planning, customer project manager
Advance developer of lighting technology, development engineer (e.g. aerodynamics, cabin systems, engines), graduate engineer (e.g. cabin interior, cabin electronics), engineer for weight prediction / analysis / management, research assistant, software / hardware developer, engineer Structural calculations for aircraft technology, calculation engineer, senior engineer (e.g. lighting technology development), mass properties engineers
Positions construction and testing:
Technical draftsman, project manager construction, designer (e.g. special production equipment, aircraft construction), test technician system test helicopter, project manager construction CATIA V4 / V5, engineer construction CATIA V4 / V5, technical draftsman, test engineer, engineer test systems avionics, engineer (e.g. performance , Systems, Reliability, Test, Validation, Stress, Design, Service), Design Engineer, Repair Development Engineer
Positions in project management:
Systems engineer (e.g. engineering, aerospace), project manager aircraft construction, project engineer, engineering manager, consultant in product management engine services, lead engineer aircraft construction, program manager
Positions in production and technology:
Project Engineer Manufacturing Development, Production Planner, Head of Manufacturing and VIP Corporate Linings, PEP Engineer (Production Engineering & Planning)
Positions quality / purchasing:
Specialist Supplier Quality, Quality Engineer, Head of Quality Assurance Aviation Technology, Quality Engineer Supplier Development, Quality Engineer Development, Product Assurance Engineer, Quality Management Engineer, Commodity Manager
Maintenance and repair positions:
Service engineer, overhaul engineer, engine repair development engineer, product engineer (e.g. aircraft equipment maintenance), project engineer for supply engineering
Possible jobs in the aerospace industry
Ultimately, it is of little use if the aerospace industry is interesting, but there are no great job opportunities for your own professional field (construction, sales, product management, etc.) in the industry. Occupational fields in which the industry is increasingly looking for new workers (in alphabetical order):
- Advice / technical services
- Project management
- Quality management
- Sales / product management
- Maintenance and repair
What do I need to be able to do for a job in the aerospace industry?
The main opportunities in the aerospace industry are engineers with a diploma from a technical college, university or technical college. In almost all advertisements, there is hardly any distinction between graduates from the technical college, university or technical college. Almost none of the advertisements specifically address graduates of the vocational academies. Technicians definitely have their options in the automotive industry. PhD engineers are hardly asked for in job advertisements, apart from research.
In general, the following subjects and directions are most popular in the aerospace industry:
Aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, aircraft construction, electrical engineering, IT, industrial engineering. Depending on the focus of the company, however, engineers with other subjects and directions such as: precision engineering, construction technology, plastics technology, production technology are often sought. From time to time, engineers are also addressed directly with the following studies: Electronics, manufacturing technology, lightweight construction, mechatronics, communications technology, materials science.
Experience is expected in the aerospace industry
As far as professional experience is concerned, the aerospace industry shows clear preferences for seasoned practitioners with several years of relevant professional experience (approx. Every second advertisement). General experience is only sufficient when it comes to positions that require little or no professional experience, i.e. positions for graduates and young professionals. Nevertheless, the majority of vacancies in the aerospace industry expressly require professional experience in the same (sub ) Industry and / or in the same functional area and / or the same hierarchical level. In management positions, however, only applicants with several years of relevant specialist and management experience have a chance. Quite often, job advertisements in the aerospace industry address university graduates (25% of the advertising volume) and young professionals (25% of the advertising volume).
As a career changer in the aerospace industry?
Career changers can certainly envision opportunities in the aerospace industry. This applies to both specialist and managerial positions and, in particular, to positions at aircraft manufacturers. This was mainly the case in the past. It remains to be seen how the current turbulence at Airbus will affect the overall labor market in this industry.
At the manufacturers in the aerospace industry, employees who are familiar with the typical large functions such as construction, development, production, quality management and purchasing should primarily have a chance. The product range of the suppliers is infinitely wide. Candidates who come from the appropriate upstream industries (see above) have good chances here. Of course, there can also be a switch from manufacturer to supplier and vice versa within the industry.
Qualifications for positions in the aerospace industry
Additional qualifications in demand are widely distributed in the aerospace industry, although they primarily depend on the functional area or supplier branch in which the engineer works. Additional qualifications in demand, for example, in the development of an aircraft manufacturer certainly look different than in the production of on-board toilets. Regardless of this, however, a qualification is mentioned above average by both manufacturers and suppliers across all functions in the job advertisements: project management or project work.
Engineers should generally be qualified for project work and project management through experience and / or theoretical knowledge. In addition, general knowledge of the aerospace industry is certainly helpful. It certainly doesn't hurt to be familiar with the mechanical, electrical, electronic and mechatronic systems and components of an airplane or helicopter in general. The same applies to basic business administration knowledge and the fashionable topic of "lightweight construction (CFRP - carbon fiber reinforced plastic)". Basic knowledge of building and approval regulations for avionics and aviation norms and standards can also bring plus points when applying.
Useful knowledge in aerospace
In general, MS Office knowledge is often mentioned in all positions and functional areas in the aerospace industry, and SAP knowledge is occasionally mentioned in the job advertisements. There is a lot of development and engineering going on in the aerospace industry. So it's no wonder that appropriate IT skills are expected here. Design engineers have to be proficient in 2D and 3D CAD systems. CATIA V4 / V5 are often mentioned in the advertisements. FE programs such as NASTRAN, PATRAN, PAMCRASH, ABAQUS and simulation programs such as MATLAB / SIMULINK are sometimes mentioned during development.
The aerospace industry has a very strong international focus. This applies in particular to purchasing, sales and production. But also development and construction cannot be imagined in the joint European aircraft and helicopter projects without great international cooperation. Knowledge of English is therefore essential, but the command of a second foreign language, especially French, should bring plus points in the application. Good to very good knowledge of English is usually required in the advertisements.
Anyone who sees their professional future in the aerospace industry should have the following personality traits to a large extent: team orientation and ability to work in a team, communication skills, commitment, assertiveness, resilience, independence, customer orientation, confident / dexterous appearance, negotiating skills. Mobility (sometimes worldwide willingness to travel) also plays a certain role. No profile deviating from this can be determined for executives, whereby leadership skills or leadership experience, especially motivational skills, should be a matter of course.
Advanced training in the aerospace industry
Further training in the aerospace industry can be tailored to the subject or personality. As far as personality is concerned, the soft skills mentioned above should be used when planning further training. One thing is noticeable, however, in contrast to other sectors, the aerospace industry does not seem to support education and training measures generously. At least engineers in this industry document few or no further training measures in their profiles.
In general, topics such as project management and business administration in the aerospace industry are of interest. For the specific occupational fields, there are additional technical measures. The need for further training must be determined in the specific case on the basis of the existing qualifications and experience as well as the (desired) field of activity in the aerospace industry. The following suggestions can therefore only provide suggestions and show the areas in which engineers from the industry often receive further training:
Six Sigma Ground School Training, Six Sigma Yellow, Green, Blue, Brown, Black Belt / Master Black Belt (as in martial arts: the darker the belt, the higher the qualification!), QM specialist, Q manager, QM Auditor, internal QA auditor, Approved ASD EASE auditor, quality in general
Project management, management, business administration: project management in general
Business administration for technical specialists and executives, technical business administration, employee management, management training, presentation, moderation and communication techniques, airline economics, fleet planning, REFA
Sales, Cross Cultural Training, Customer Orientation, Arab Business Culture
Development, construction, testing:
CAE programs (e.g. ANSYS, LS-DYNA, HYPERWORKS, NASTRAN, PATRAN, ABAQUS, MATLAB / SIMULINK, Medina, ProMechanica, PSPICE (electronics), Robcad), CAD programs (e.g. CATIA V4 / V5 , PRO / E, AutoCAD, I-DEAS), FEM, CFD
Satellite design, spacecraft system engineering, technical principles of aviation, structural mechanics, vacuum technology, leak detection
Foreign languages: English / technical English, French
How do I apply for positions in the aerospace industry?
The aerospace industry can basically be divided into the manufacturing and supply industries. The few manufacturers of airplanes, helicopters, rockets and space shuttles offer their open positions in detail on their own websites, at least for junior and skilled workers, lower and middle managers.
Anyone who sees their professional future with manufacturers in the aerospace industry should definitely visit the manufacturers' websites as a first step. The same applies of course to the targeted job search at the well-known suppliers for the aerospace industry and engineering service providers.
Tips for applying in the aerospace industry
Various application channels for the aerospace industry are presented below and checked for their industry-specific suitability. The search for job offers in print and online media is obvious. First you come to the VDI nachrichten, the FAZ and the SZ as print media, which contain a large number of job offers for engineers. Then there are the large and well-known job exchanges on the Internet. However, industry-specific media should also be searched for jobs or taken into account when placing job offers. Here is a small selection of media with positions in the aerospace industry:
- DGLR.de (German Aerospace Society, link job server)
- Bbaa.de (Berlin-Brandenburg Aerospace Alliance e.V., Link Jobs / Career
Aerospace: Submit a job application
The job application is the most effective instrument to show specialists and managers job market potential. Self-advertising in national media or specialist media brings advertisers directly into contact with personnel consultants and employers. Job searches make sense to address personnel consultants and decision-makers in the aerospace industry. According to the law of large numbers, one trusts that at least some consultants or decision-makers read the relevant print media.
In small industries, the risk is rather high that job advertisements will not be read. It's a shame about the money that was invested. Since the aerospace industry is one of the small industries and currently there shouldn't be an infinite number of vacancies due to the turbulence in the air, the risk of a bad investment is high here. It is therefore not advisable to apply for a job. In principle, all media that have job offers for the aerospace industry can be considered for placing a job application (see above).
Applicant databases for the aerospace industry
The free entry in the applicant databases of the general job exchanges and in special databases for engineers is now a compulsory exercise for job seekers in the aerospace industry. Anyone who registers in an applicant database receives corresponding job offers. In a matching process, vacancies are compared with the applicant data and the candidate is made aware of the job offers that have been filtered out.
In addition, many applicant databases are accessible to personnel consultants and decision-makers. They then look for suitable candidates for the aerospace industry in anonymised profiles. This way of looking for candidates is gaining in importance.
Aerospace: Direct contact with employers
Another application strategy is to approach potential employers directly by letter, telephone or face-to-face dialogue. Unsolicited applications can be directed very specifically to a few companies in the aerospace industry where the candidate has always wanted to work.At the most, you should send an unsolicited application to the manufacturers and large suppliers if no suitable vacancies could be found when looking through the job offers on their websites. The other companies can be included in a mass initiative application. Over 100 companies receive a short application from the candidate.
There are several ways to get the names of aerospace employers. On the one hand, the major reference works, Wer Liefer what ?, ABC der deutschen Wirtschaft, Hoppenstedt etc. can be used. However, there are also industry-specific pools:
- Bdli.de (list of members of the Federal Association of German Air and
- Space industry)
- Hanse-aerospace.de (members of the association)
- Bbaa.de (Berlin-Brandenburg Aerospace Alliance e.V., members of the association)
- In addition, catalogs and exhibitor directories of the industry-specific
- Trade fairs and exhibitions are rolled out.
- List of exhibitors ILA - International Air Exhibition
- List of exhibitors AIRTECH - International Air and Air Supply Fair
- Space travel
- The exhibitor directories can be found at ila-berlin.de and airtec.aero
Trade fairs and exhibitions also serve to personally address employers in the aerospace industry. Here, job seekers meet a lot of different companies in a concentrated form and can explore their job opportunities with relatively little effort. The most important employers in the supplier industry in particular are likely to be part of the major aerospace trade shows. Here is a selection of trade fairs and exhibitions in the aerospace industry:
- AERO - General Aviation, Business Aviation, Ultralight Aircraft - Friedrichshafen
- Airtec - supplier to the aerospace industry - Frankfurt
- ITEC - Defense, Education, Training, Simulation - Cologne
- ILA - manufacturer and supplier - Berlin
- Paris Airshow - manufacturer and supplier - Paris
- DSEi - Defense Systems and Equipment - London
Tips for industry insiders in the aerospace industry
Anyone applying to be an industry insider in the aerospace industry should act cautiously. In relatively small sectors, e.g. also small supplier sectors for the aerospace industry, there is usually a lively exchange of information. There is a risk that one's own employer will find out about an intended job change earlier than the candidate would like. The higher the positions are hung, the higher the risk. Industry insiders should consider having a third party scan the job market for job alternatives within the industry. Your name does not appear, but your professional goal and profile does. In this way, companies can be addressed without the applicant's name being spread widely.
Industry insiders who work in less exposed positions in the aerospace industry can act “more freely”. You should at least replace the name of the current employer with "Current employer" in the cover letter and résumé. If tasks and projects are described in the résumé, these should not inevitably indicate the name of the employer. Any interim reports or seminar certificates bearing the name of the current employer can of course not be attached to the application. Candidates who want to change within the aerospace industry should think about the procedure just described.
|1998 - today||ABC Military Aircraft GmbH, Stuttgart|
|Product manager display and cockpit systems - development of customized systems for the aircraft "Tiger X" and "Tiger XL" - …….|
|1998 - today||International aerospace supplier, southern Germany|
|Product manager avionics systems - development of customized systems for new aircraft types of the customer - …….|
In any case, the question arises as to whether industry insiders in the aerospace industry risk an official application or not better to check out their chances in a personal or telephone conversation and rather without obligation or have them checked by contact persons in the respective company.
Aerospace: Tips for career changers
How does a career changer succeed in making himself interesting for the aerospace industry? Non-industry applicants should primarily use industry-standard vocabulary in their cover letters and résumés. This should create the reader's imagination, the applicant fits the industry and position. In order to get a feeling for the "correct vocabulary", career changers should inform themselves sufficiently about the industry and suitable job advertisements. If you come from another industry, you should definitely avoid terms that are meaningless outside of your own industry or that require a lot of interpretation. The wrong industry reference is then conveyed with the application.
|1998 - today||Maier & Müller, Munich|
After studying aerospace
Graduates should make a reference to the aerospace industry in their application. The following passage could be found in a cover letter:
“I am applying as a graduate engineer who has already worked on the first sub-projects in the aerospace industry during his extensive internships. I am very familiar with the development and construction tools currently used in the industry:
- FEM tools: LS-DYNA, Medina, Hypergraph, Animator
- CAD: CATIA V5, AutoCAD Mechanical, AutoCAD, Pro E
- Programming languages: Fortran 77, C / C ++
The sub-projects concerned components for AIRBUS machines.
“The internships would be reflected in the résumé. But you can also score points with hobbies. Who z. B. busy flying lightweight aircraft in her spare time and wanting to start in the aerospace industry, has a suitable and industry-related hobby that should not be missing in the résumé.
What is paid for in the aerospace industry
On the subject of salaries in the aerospace industry, reference is made at this point to the salary study by ingenieurkarriere.de. The aerospace industry is located in the study under vehicle construction. The study provides inter alia Annual salaries according to position and area of activity. Engineers who want to get into the aerospace industry or want to change within the industry can orientate themselves on this. In any case, quite good salaries for specialists and executives can be seen across all positions in the industry.
Examples - positions
Specialist positions in the aerospace industry
Development engineer aerodynamics (supplier industry)
- Design of new blade profiles and optimization of the aerodynamics of rotor blades
- Specification of wind tunnel tests
- Characterization of the aerodynamics of the blade profiles through calculation and tests
- Development and programming of calculation tools in aerodynamics
- Cooperation with research institutions in the field of aerodynamics
Sales engineer (supplier industry)
- Takeover of sales activities for aerospace customers
- Channel and develop the innovative and exciting
- Sales activities
- Establishing and maintaining customer contacts in the business area
- Participation in the preparation of offers and customer development
- Development of new market potential, especially in the area of components
Research Associate (Research)
- Establishment / further development of an experimental facility to determine the
- Generation of flow noise in and the sound radiation of pipe systems and
- their components
- Experimental investigation of sound generation and propagation at
- Air conditioning piping systems
- Determination of source mechanisms and development of source models for
- Air conditioning pipe components
- Development of noise reduction concepts for sound sources in
- Air conditioning piping systems for aircraft cabins
- Numerical simulation of the noise from air conditioning systems in aircraft cabins
Aircraft construction engineer (manufacturer)
- Definition, preliminary and detailed construction of aircraft components of the
- Primary and secondary structure
- Development and construction of assemblies in metal and
- Fiber composite construction
- Modeling and assembly in the DMU
- Constructive installation of electrical, hydraulic etc. systems
- Constructive support of the production regarding construction deviations
- Development of repair solutions
- Processing of complaint reports and further development activities in
- Framework of component responsibility
- Weight optimization of structures in the context of new or
- Further development of aircraft programs
- Preparation of construction documents
- Participation in interdisciplinary engineering teams
Product Management Engine Services (Maintenance)
- Responsible for analyzing and promoting existing and potential
- Service products
- Supervision of the entire product life process
- Coordination with the productive and administrative areas
- Collection and evaluation of market and competitive information in the MRO engine industry
- Management of projects on product and network-relevant topics of the
- Product management
- Support with the introduction of new products and with the acquisition of
- Group and Product Sales
Systems engineer aerospace (supplier)
- Power supply in the cabin
- Cabin communication and data acquisition systems
- Creation of specifications, technical concepts,
- Definition documents, interface documentation
- Technical version management
- Interface to national and international manufacturers
Management positions in the aerospace industry
Lead engineer or project manager aircraft construction (supplier)
- Head of the existing aircraft construction team
- Participation in the projects from acquisition through the concept phase to
- Series production
- Responsibility for the calculation and preparation of offers
- Responsible for staff deployment planning
- Responsible for the technical implementation and control of projects
- Cooperation with the management
Program Manager (Manufacturer)
- Leading project teams for military products
- Enforcement of contractual requirements
- Cost monitoring and analysis
- Evaluation and preparation of risk analyzes
- Coordination and negotiations with work share partners
- Problem analysis and, if necessary, initiation of corrective measures for
- Achievement of the program objectives
- Preparation and implementation of presentations
- Cooperation with offers
Head of Engineering (Supplier)
- Overall planning and coordination of all internal and external
- Activities with a focus on calculation, testing and approval
- Schedule, cost and capacity planning for engineering services
- Budget responsibility for engineering services
- External representation of the engineering services division
- Professional and disciplinary management of employees
Head of Quality Assurance (Manufacturer)
- QS purchased parts: Qualification and auditing of suppliers
- System / construction and process FMEAs
- Head of incoming goods inspection
- Optimizing the test process and the test methods
- QA assembly / production: Product support during the entire
- Development phase up to final acceptance
- Further development of worker self-control
- Use of modern methods of computer-aided error detection and analysis
- as well as innovative measuring and testing equipment
- Leadership of employees
Team leader cockpit development (supplier)
- Support and further development of the cockpit area
- Responsibility for 10-15 employees, projects and results
- Acquisition of new projects, the assessment of customer needs,
- the offer calculation, preparation and negotiation
- Contact person for our customers
- Responsible for project creation / maintenance and project completion
- Performing project management tasks such as project, deadline,
- Personnel planning, project management and processing
- Technical and commercial project controlling as well as quality monitoring
- Personnel and qualification planning
The chosen task descriptions are only examples. They are neither representative nor do they depict the entire spectrum of the aerospace industry. The fact is that in the aerospace industry the typical “scientific” job profiles for engineers such as research, development and construction are very prominent.
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