Which is the best city in Egypt
Do you want to walk in the footsteps of the pharaohs, solve the riddle of the Sphinx and discover the mystical land on the Nile? Then you will get all the information about the 15 most interesting ones in my detailed article Egypt landmarksthat you can visit on your travels to the land of the pyramids and pharaohs.
15 must-see sights in Egypt
1. The pyramids | 2. The Sphinx |3. Luxor
4. Valley of the Kings |5. Karnak Temple Complex
6. Alexandria Library
7. Egyptian Museum
8. Ras-Mohammed National Park |9. Red Sea
10. Siwa Oasis |11. Muhammad-Ali Mosque
12. Catherine's Monastery |13. Edfu Temple
14. Abu Simbel Temple |15. Aswan Dam
Map of main Egypt landmarks
The following map shows you the most important Egypt sights at a glance:
1. The pyramids of Giza
They are only 15 kilometers from Cairo Pyramids of Giza, which are among the most important sights in Egypt.
- location: Al Haram, Cairo, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 15 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 470 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 520 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 750 km
- getting there: Guided excursions can be booked through the tour operator. The travel time from the tourist centers is 6-8 hours each way. Offers with short domestic flights are therefore also available.
The last remaining of the ancient Wonder of the world was built between 2620 and 2500 BC by around 10,000 workers. The pyramids are located on a site previously used as a cemetery for pharaohs. There are no records whatsoever of the construction of the pyramids, so scientists and archaeologists are still puzzling today about how they went up to 2.5 ton stone blocks could be piled up and that in a relatively short time. In addition, the architecture exhibits such precision that can only be achieved with the most modern technology and can therefore hardly be explained. The myth of the pyramids also includes the fact that they are practically empty: neither the grave goods typical for systems of this type nor Mummies could be recovered. If you have more information about the fascinating Pyramids of Giza want to learn, then take a look at my article on it.
- Cheops pyramid: The Great Pyramid of Cheops is the largest, tallest and most important pyramid in the world. A sarcophagus was found, but it was empty.
- Chephren pyramid: Chephren was the Son of Cheops, To the untrained eye, his pyramid looks larger than that of his father. This is a fallacy because the Chephren pyramid simply stands a little higher.
- Mykerinos pyramid: Mykerinos again it was Son of Chephren, his is the smallest of the three pyramids. Statues, those in the Mykerinos pyramid were found, can be exhibited today at egyptian museum see in Cairo.
Guru Fun Fact: Truly impressive and hardly explainable is that the pyramids are exactly after the four cardinal points and in right angle are aligned.
2. The Sphinx
The Sphinx von Giza is a legendary sculpture, right next to the Pyramids of Giza located, the journey to this Egypt attraction is therefore similar. According to the Greek legend, the Sphinx besieged the city of Thebes and presented her famous to travelers mysterywhich being would walk on four legs in the morning, two at noon and three in the evening. If the answer was wrong, the Sphinx is said to have strangled and devoured people. Hence the name "Sphinx", which translates Strangler means. First Oedipus could solve the riddle "Human" answer correctly and free Thebes from the Sphinx. In addition to her impressive size - she is 73.5 meters long and 20 meters high - the lioness with the human head is already around 4,500 years. Even so, it is almost completely preserved, as it was covered by sand for most of the time. Over the years the Sphinx has been revised again and again, and most recently 1818 uncovered, but in the meantime it may not be excavated any further, as the Egyptian authorities are afraid of possible damage to the monument.
Guru Fun Fact: The Sphinx lacks that nose not because the ravages of time have done the rest, but because a more iconophobic Sheikh this for fear of blasphemy in the year 1378 knocked off.
Luxor is a South Egyptian city that is now on the site of ancient Thebes is located.
- Luxor Museum
- Address: Center Corniche Ave, Luxor, Egypt
- Opening hours: Daily 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. & 5 p.m. - 10 p.m.
- Entrance fees: Adults: 120 LE (approx. 6 €), students: 60 LE (approx. 3 €)
- Attention: To take pictures you need an additional permit, which costs 50 LE (approx. € 2.50).
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 660 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 300 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 404 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 360 km
- getting there: Guided excursions can be booked through the tour operator. The travel time from the tourist centers is 4-6 hours each way. Offers with short domestic flights are therefore also available.
This city should of course not be missing in my list of the most important Egyptian sights. Luxor means translated City of palaces. Even today, Luxor has a lot to offer tourists, as the Valley of the Kings and Queens as well as the Karnak temple complex and the Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, the temple of the Egyptian queen, built in the 16th century BC. Ruled over Egypt. There's also the one in town Luxor templeRelatively "new" in comparison with Karnak, he was up to 1070 BC built and is the God Amun and dedicated to his family. In the evening hours, the light of the sun falls particularly beautifully on the columns and impressive statues and thus creates a mystical picture. In addition, you should also take this into account when visiting Luxor Museum not to be missed, there you will learn everything about the background of the old city and the temples, which you have previously viewed and you can also take a look at old war weapons, mummies and sarcophagi. There is still one once a year at the beginning of Ramadan 13-day festival, which takes place in a boat procession from Luxor to the Karnak Temple and is an exciting, colorful experience.
Guru Fun Fact: The Luxor Obelisk, which previously stood on the forecourt of the temple, was given to France in 1836 and is now on Louvre.
4. The Valley of the Kings
The valley of the kings is located near Luxor and is a tomb for kings of the 18th to 20th dynasties in Egypt.
- location: Luxor, Al-Wadi al-Jadid, Egypt
- getting there: The Valley of the Kings is near Luxor, so getting there is similar.
The valley opposite Karnak was the final resting place of probably more than 60 kings. The one that became particularly famous Tutankhamun's burial chamberwhich was completely unopened when it was found. This is unusual as many graves were opened and looted in ancient Egypt. The Valley of the Kings, which is surrounded by rocks, is also joined by other tombs like that Valley of the Queens and the Graves of the Noble at. After Tutankhamun's burial chamber was opened, the legend quickly spread around the Curse of the pharaohaccording to which the archaeologists were to die a cruel death. As a result, some of the people involved in the excavations actually died, many of them by suicide for fear of the curse.
Guru tip: To protect the important historical finds, there is a rule that each visitor is only allowed to visit three graves. So it's best to think about what you really want to see in advance. By the way, you have to buy an extra ticket for the famous tomb of Tutankhamun.
5. The Karnak Temple Complex
The Karnak Temple thatlargest temple complex Egypt, is also near Luxor and across from the Valley of the Kings. Like parts of Luxor, Karnak belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- location: Karnak, Luxor, al-Uqsur Governorate, Egypt
- getting there: The Karnak Temple is located near Luxor, so the journey is similar.
The largest ancient temples in the world include the temples of Ramses III, Chons and Amun-Re. A gigantic stone hall and finely decorated columns make Karnak a very special experience. The facility was used to Sacrificial performances and to hold prayers and so appease the gods. This had to be done by kings or specially trained high priests in order to maintain the world order. Therefore, the temples of ancient Egypt were of enormous importance, which explains why the temples, which were considered a small model of the world, so conscientiously cared for and precious have been equipped.
6. The Alexandria Library
Already in 3rd century BC emerged the Alexandria Library. The foundation, probably over 500,000 documents was already made available at the opening, and more were added over the years.
- location: Al Azaritah WA Ash Shatebi, Qesm Bab Sharqi, al-Iskandariyya Governorate 21526, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 215 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 680 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 735 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 960 km
- getting there: Guided excursions can be booked through the tour operator. Offers with short domestic flights are recommended.
Of the Papyrus rolls Not a single one was found, which can be attributed to the poor durability in a humid climate and the constant use of the rollers. This was already known at the time, which is why many library employees copied the texts over and over again. The library worked closely with the Museion, a type of religious school. Not everyone had access to the valuable scriptures, only selected people. The importance of the library can be measured above all by the fact that Egypt replaced Greece as a scientific center. In the year 2002 then became the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina opened, this is close to the original location and counts about eight million books. About half of the building is filled with a huge reading room.
Good to know: The integrated Taha Huseein Library also offers Visually impaired the opportunity to experience literature.
7. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo
In Cairo, how could it be otherwise, the largest museum stands for ancient egyptian art and one of the most important landmarks in Egypt. In the year 1835 it was founded by the government to prevent further looting of the archaeological treasures.
The Egyptian Museum
- Address: 15 Meret Basha, Ismailia, Qasr an Nile, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
- Opening hours: Mon, Tue, Fri, Sat: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Thu & Sun: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
- Combined ticket prices: Adults: 300 LE (approx. 15 €), students: 150 LE (approx. € 7.50)
- getting there: Guided tours can be booked directly with the tour operator. These usually include a visit to the Giza pyramids, which are not far from the museum
The art collection is divided into two areas, each of which can also be visited separately, to the Main museum and the Mummy room. For you, however, it is best to look at both in combination. For this case there is also something extra cheaper combination ticket. over 150,000 exhibits, including the mummies of more famous Pharaohs, is now housed in the museum, but many of the finds cannot be exhibited because there is not enough space. Therefore, more museums are now being (expanded). The special thing about the Egyptian Museum is that, in contrast to, for example, European museums, it actually only shows Egyptian exhibits. But this is also due to the incredible number of preserved exhibits.
Guru Fun Fact: In the year 2010 A part for children was also opened, there is child-friendly information to ancient Egypt and the most important artifacts like Tutankhamun's death mask were out Lego bricks recreated.
8. The Ras-Mohammed National Park
The Ras Mohammed National Park near Sharm el Sheikh got its name from the tallest rock, which resembles a human head and was therefore called Ras Mohammed, the head of Mohammed, by the fishermen.
- location: Sinai, Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 490 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 125 km (ferry)
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 40 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 420 km (car + ferry)
In this park you get a lot on offer, so that almost nothing to be desired OutdoorActivities stay open. Of Mountain bike tours to swimming or Snorkeling everything is on offer. The Underwater world outdo nature on land by a lot. Here there are exotic fish and marine animals amidst colorful Coral reefs to marvel at. Divers definitely get their money's worth in Ras-Mohammed National Park.
Guru Fun Fact: The Yolanda Reef was named after the ship of the same name that sank on the spot in 1980. The remains of the ship may not be dived for nature conservation, but parts of the Yolanda's former cargo can be found everywhere in the reef: Toilet bowls and sink. Curious!
9. The Red Sea
What would my Egypt sights be without the Red Sea? About finding a name for the not so red one Red Sea there is much speculation to this day.
Info & Tips:
In my travel magazine you will find articles about snorkeling in the Red Sea and diving in Egypt. Here you can find out everything you need to know about the Red Sea and its underwater diversity.
First of all, the name Eritrea is based on the Greek and means something like red - the lighting conditions that make the land around the sea appear red also contribute to this. There is also a large occurrence of a special type of algae that also makes the sea glow reddish. Regardless of the reasons, it has been used since ancient times "Mare Rubum", Also called the Red Sea. As in the national park, you can of course also find wonderful, clear water and colorful reefs enjoy. However, you should only dive and snorkel under the supervision of a guide, as the Currents can occur very sharply and suddenly. Also for surfer the Red Sea is an absolute highlight. Enjoy the water, whether just for recreation or doing sports.
10. The Siwa Oasis
In the Libyan desert in the northwest of the country is the Siwa oasis.
- location: Qesm Siwah, Matruh Governorate, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 750 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 1,200 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 1,270 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 1,500 km
There you can marvel at olive trees and date palms in the middle of the desert. Loved for a reason Alexander the Great this unusual place, because the ruins of the Amun templewhere his familiar oracle is said to have resided. You can also discover the remains of the old clay town of Siwa. Even today different ones are still alive Bedouin people Siwa, its market square, mosque and museum of local history should also be on your to-do list when you visit.
Guru Fun Fact: Alexander the Great wanted to be buried in Siwa, but this request was not followed by the ruling pharaoh.
11. The Muhammad-Ali Mosque
The Muhammad-Ali mosque, also called the Alabaster Mosque, is a large, magnificent mosque in Cairo, which was built on the Turkish model and in the year 1884 opened.
Info & Tips:
- location: Al Abageyah, Qism El-Khalifa, Al-Qahira Governorate, Egypt
- entry: free of charge
- Visiting hours: The mosque can be visited outside of prayer times.
- getting there: The journey from the tourist centers in Egypt is similar to the pyramids, the Sphinx and the Egyptian Museum.
Inside the mosque, the walls are clad with alabaster and the floors are covered with red carpets. The circular lights, which are now replacing the former oil lamps, are particularly beautiful. To the right of the entrance is the Muhammad Ali's grave, he died in 1849, long before the mosque was built. In the forecourt of the mosque there is a gift from France, a large clock tower that was delivered from Paris in exchange for the Luxor obelisk. The clock, however, never worked.
People of other faiths can also visit the mosque outside of prayer times, but observe the rules. Shoes must be placed on a shelf at the entrance and women must cover their shoulders. The hair does not necessarily have to be covered. In front of the building you can get information in different languages and it might even be worthwhile for you to book a guided tour, because these are not too expensive.
Guru tip: Of the Muhammad-Ali mosque If the smog is not too strong, you have a great view over the whole of Cairo!
12. The St. Catherine's Monastery in Sinai
The Catherine's Monastery at the foot of Sinai is the oldest, still living, Greek Orthodox monastery in the world.
- location: Qesm Sharm Ash Sheikh, Janub Sina, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 450 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 310 km (car + ferry)
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 210 km
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 980 km (car + ferry)
It was completed in its current form in 560 and legend has it that it houses the bones of St. Catherine. The Mount Sinai is because of the handover of the ten Commandments of Moses and his encounter with God in burning bush known. An offshoot of this legendary bush is said to still be found near the monastery. In 2002 the Katharinenkloster was ins UNESCO World Heritage Site recorded.
Ascent and sightseeing opportunities: The climb to the monastery is a bit difficult, so you can do one guided hike Book at night, you will then with cooler temperatures and a breathtaking sunrise rewarded. If the hike is too strenuous for you, you can also go on the camel horse riding. After a break, you will visit the monastery together as a group. There are several providers for these tours, but keep the current one in mind when planning your excursion Travel warning for Egyptissued by the Federal Foreign Office. This currently advises against trips away from the coastal strip such as to Mount Sinai and the St. Catherine's Monastery.
13. Edfu Temple
The Edfu Temple was the Egyptian GodHorus consecrated, this roughly corresponds to the Greek god of light Apollo.
- location: Adfo, Markaz Edfo, Aswan, Egypt
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 750 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 400 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 500 km (car + ferry)
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 225 km
Horus, the god with the falcon's head, is said to have fought his important battle against Seth at this point, which is why the temple complex was a well-known sanctuary in ancient times. In addition to the temple is a large part of the ancient City of Edfu which you should definitely visit as well. Marvel at huge columns, wander through impressive halls, look at the artistically engraved ones Reliefs and dream yourselves in a time long past! This Egyptian temple on the west bank of the Nile is surprisingly well preserved, so it is hard to believe that it was built around 2,300 years ago. You are sure to be as impressed as I am when you visit!
14. The Abu Simbel Temple
In the 13th century BC, the templeAbu Simbel, one of the most famous sights of Egypt, built in the place of the same name.
- location: Aswan, Egypt
- Opening hours: daily: 5 a.m. - 6 p.m.
- Distance from Cairo:approx. 1,110 km
- Distance from Hurghada: approx. 770 km
- Distance from Sharm el Sheikh: approx. 870 km (ferry + car)
- Distance from Marsa Alam: approx. 650 km
He served the worship ofPharaoh Ramses II and his wife Nefertari.The seated statues of the pharaohs are 20 meters high and face east as the sun rises there. This rock temple is also a World Heritage Site UNESCO. Particularly noteworthy is the implementation of Abu Simbel in the 60s to protect him from flooding by the Aswan Dam to preserve. The entire temple complex was painstakingly dismantled piece by piece and then rebuilt. By the way: Am 21st of February and October 21 the sun miracle takes place every year. Then the sun is at such a favorable angle that it can go straight into the temple and illuminate the statues of the gods inside.
15. The Aswan Dam
Necessarily had to Aswan Dam built in the 1960s in order to regulate the water supply in dry phases and to prevent flooding at the same time.
- location: Manteqet as Sad Al Aali, Qism Aswan, Aswan, Egypt
- Use: Here the Nile is dammed up to become Lake Nasser and thus supplies the population of Egypt with drinking water and electricity. It is one of the largest reservoirs in the world.
Both extremes had previously led to dramatic crop losses, which in turn caused famine. This could have been catastrophic due to the growing population. As a result, the first dam of this type, which was the largest at the time, was put into operation as early as 1902. When it turned out that this too could hold insufficient amounts of water, the idea for the large Aswan dam was developed from 1947 onwards. In this way, large parts of the population could finally be supplied with electricity. However, some Nubian residential areas fell victim to this construction project. Many monuments like Abu Simbel had to be moved to save them, others sank in the new reservoir.
Visit the unique Egypt attractions!
Could you 15 Egypt landmarks convince as much as I am with their combination of beautiful nature, impressive architecture and mysterious history? Then take a look at my offers! The best information, offers and tips for Vacation in Egypt you can of course also get it from me.
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