What is Rwanda

Rwanda Light and shadow - 25 years after the trauma

Rwanda has made remarkable progress in development in recent years. The government shows a high degree of development orientation and is resolutely pursuing its ambitious goals to transform the country. However, authoritarian government structures have recently become entrenched.

Despite impressive economic growth rates, it has not been possible to further reduce poverty in recent years: Almost 40 percent of the population of Rwanda still live below the national poverty line. In the current index of human development (access the lexicon entry for the term) * of the United Nations (HDI), the East African country ranks 157th out of 189 countries.

The history of Rwanda is marked by recurring conflicts between the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups. These culminated in a gruesome genocide of the Tutsi minority in 1994, which is estimated to have killed up to a million people within 100 days. The genocide, the traumatization of large parts of the population as well as the massive displacement and the subsequent return of around 3.5 million refugees have shaped Rwanda's development and set it back considerably.

Dealing with the aftermath of the genocide remains a major challenge for the country. Social reconciliation and political and economic openness are prerequisites for stable development.

Development cooperation

Rwanda is one of the cooperation countries with which the Federal Republic works closely on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. With the focus on "sustainable economic development" and "decentralization / good governance", the German commitment takes up central concerns of Rwandan development strategies, the Marshall Plan with Africa and the G20 initiative "Compact with Africa".