How many songs did David Bowie write
David Bowie (Born January 8, 1947 in London, real name David Robert Jones) is a British musician, singer, producer, actor and painter. Bowie is considered one of the most influential musicians in recent music history and has sold more than 140 million records.
Biography Edit source]
Childhood and adolescence Edit source]
David Robert Jones was born in 1947 to Haywood Stenton Jones, called "John" and Margaret "Peggy" Mary Burns in Brixton, London. Bowie in a 1993 interview: “My childhood was not happy. Not that it was brutal, but I had a very specific kind of British parents: They were pretty hypothermic and you didn't hug each other very often ”.
At the age of nine, David came into contact with rock'n'roll through his father, who gave him his first singles. About the first record, Little RichardsTutti Frutti, he later said: “I had heard God.” In addition to his parents, his brother Terry also promoted the interest in music aroused in David by introducing him to US beat poets and jazz and, for example, to concerts in London's entertainment district for the then 13-year-old Soho took away. In 1962, Bowie sang under the stage name at the age of 15 Dave Jay in the group The Kon-Rads, in which he also played the saxophone. The band recorded a single for Decca, co-composed by Bowie, entitled "I Never Dreamed" in August 1963. When it was not successful, Bowie left the group.
Early years Edit source]
In 1964 he recorded his first single "Liza Jane", which also flopped. In the 1960s he gained experience as a singer and musician in other bands such as the Manish Boys or the Lower Third, none of which achieved greater notoriety. In 1967 he worked with the British mime Lindsay Kemp, whose influence was shown in Bowie's stage shows in the following years. Through these experiences, the shy young Bowie gradually began to develop very versatile artistic expressions. As a rising rock star, however, he feared that his name would be too similar to that of Davy Jones, a member of the then famous band The Monkees. He therefore gave himself a stage name; after Jim Bowie he called himself David Bowie from then on.
His debut album David Bowie, released in 1967, contained some songs that were inspired by musicals, as well as folk songs and ballads, including the titles "Please Mr. Gravedigger" and "The Laughing Gnome". The lack of success caused him to change his concept (now as David Bowie). In early 1969, a half-hour promotional film was titled Love You Till Tuesday turned. Some songs from the first album and some new compositions were staged. One of them was the space ballad "Space Oddity", which was the last to be added to the set. Bowie, the one from the Stanley Kubrick film 2001: A Space Odyssey was inspired, describes the rocket launch of the fictional astronaut Major Tom and his emotional state so alone in space as well as the communication with the ground station, which suddenly breaks off at the end of the song. Ten years later, in the song "Ashes to Ashes", Bowie resolves the space trip including the anxiety as a drug trip and hallucinations of a drug addict, and Major Tom appears in retrospect as a junkie.
In November 1969 the second album was released in the United States under the title Man of Words, Man of Music, in Great Britain like the first album again under the title David Bowie. In 1972 it was titled by RCA Records Space Oddity and re-released with a new cover. The album includes a re-recording of "Space Oddity" which was also released as a single and which became Bowie's first real commercial success. It reached number six on the UK sales charts and stayed in the top ten for four weeks, and when it was re-released in 1975, it even reached number one. The song produced by Gus Dudgeon stood out from the overall album with its novelty song character. The rest of the album was produced by Visconti and with the mixture of folk music, Bowie's voice and his twelve-string guitar was not a commercial success. In early 1970 Bowie recorded two new songs with Marc Bolan: "The Prettiest Star", which was also released as a single, and "London by Ta Ta". In May a new recording of Memory of a Free Festival was released as a single. Although this single was also unsuccessful, it is historically interesting as guitarist Mick Ronson can be heard for the first time on a studio recording; until 1973 he remained Bowie's musical companion. Bowie, Ronson, Visconti on bass and John Cambridge on drums appeared briefly under the band name The Hype from the beginning of 1970. With this band, Bowie tried a new stage concept in which all four appeared in costumes and used the theater's stylistic devices. Bowie disguised himself as "Rainbow Man", Visconti as "Hype Man", Ronson as "Gangsterman" and Cambridge as "Pirate Man".
In 1971 another unsuccessful single ("Holy Holy") was released, and Bowie's third album entitled The Man Who Sold the World, which in turn was produced by Visconti. Musically it was based on the genre of music that was called hard rock at the time, and Ronson's guitar playing dominated musically. In the texts, Bowie referred to science fiction, Buddhism and mysticism. On the cover he showed himself in a dress, which he deliberately gave himself an androgynous image that shaped his appearances in the early 1970s. 1972 became The Man Who Sold the World Re-released by RCA with a new and less controversial cover. This album, too, had little commercial success. The title track, however, was covered several times in the later years, for example by Lulu and Nirvana.
Breakthrough [edit | Edit source]
The album followed in 1971 Hunky Dory. Rick Wakeman can be heard here as the keyboard player, who will join later Yes got known. In addition, all members of Ziggy Stardust's upcoming backing band, The Spiders from Mars, played with Mick Ronson (guitar), Mick (Woody) Woodmansey (drums) and Trevor Bolder (bass). It was Bowie's debut album for the record company RCA Records, to which his new manager Tony DeFries had referred him. It contains, among other things, one of Bowie's most famous songs, "Changes", and the ballad "Life on Mars?", After which a television series was named in 2006. Bowie's preoccupation with the music and art scene in the USA at the time was evident on this album in references to Bob Dylan, The Velvet Underground and Andy Warhol. Bowie said that this album was the first time he received broad artistic recognition before becoming an icon of glam rock with the next few albums.
In 1972 Bowie made his commercial breakthrough. With the album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars and the subsequent world tour that lasted until 1973, he finally became known. One reason for this was the "invention" of his sensational alter ego Ziggy Stardust, whose rise and fall is told in a doomed world. Another was his theatrical stage show with its provocatively homoerotic features. This scandalous game of homosexuality at the time cheered Bowie on by pretending to be "gay" in an interview, although he was not only married to Angela Barnett for two years, but also to their son Duncan Zowie Hayword Jones for almost a year that Bowie later raised alone.
At the end of 1972 Bowie was able to record a top ten hit in his home country with "The Jean Genie". While working on his album Aladdin Sane The pianist Mike Garson was there for the first time, who accompanies Bowie to this day. The album received over 100,000 pre-orders in England, a number that until then had only been achieved by the Beatles. On July 3, 1973, Bowie let Ziggy Stardust "die" (My Death - Jacques Brel) in the last concert of his world tour in London, before singing "Rock’n’Roll Suicide" for the last time with his band.
During this time, Bowie also worked as a producer and promoter of other musicians. Among other things, he produced Lou Reed's second solo album (Transformer, 1972, best known song "Walk on the Wild Side"), wrote the successful song "All the Young Dudes" (1972) for the band Mott the Hoople and produced their album of the same name. On the Stooges album Raw power (1973) he was responsible for the mix. In 1973 Bowie also took the album Pin ups which contains covers from the 60s.
The concept albumDiamond Dogs (1974), largely based on George Orwell's Dystopia 1984 based, Bowie recorded without his previous backing band The Spiders from Mars and his longtime companion, lead guitarist Mick Ronson. Bowie fell out with his manager DeFries during the US tour and was left with a mountain of debt.
Influenced by his move to New York, the album was created in the Sigma Sound Studios in 1975 Young Americans, a musical fresh start in which Bowie explored the music that shaped him as a young man, namely rhythm and blues and soul; he himself ironically called his music "Plasticsoul". Bowie was performing in a bespoke suit at the time - another image change for the artist. Included on the album is Bowie's first number one hit in the United States, "Fame". This song, which Bowie recorded together with John Lennon in a session at the "Electric Lady Studios" in New York, was not originally intended for publication. Following the album production, Bowie took on the lead role in the science fiction film The Man Who Fell to Earth by Nicolas Roeg. He then produced the album in Los Angeles Station to station, which appeared in early 1976. After the "White-Light Tour" in 1976, the musician moved back to Europe. He first went to Switzerland and after the recordings for the album Low in France finally to Berlin.
The Berlin time Edit source]
From 1976 to 1978 Bowie lived in a seven-room old building at 155 Hauptstrasse in the Schöneberg district of West Berlin. In later interviews, including a report on the Franco-German TV station ARTE, he also referred to West Berlin as the "world capital of heroin" at the time.
The album recorded with Brian Eno and Tony Visconti was recorded in the Berlin Hansa Studios Low recorded, which is the first part of the so-called Berlin Trilogy. Bowie was influenced by German bands like Kraftwerk, Cluster, Can or Neu !, but also by Steve Reich. Actually, the albums were planned as an experiment that shouldn't be about sales. Nevertheless, the released single Sound and Vision was a big hit, which rose to number 6 in Germany and even reached number 3 in England. During the first page (LP) of Low consists more of song fragments than of fully formulated songs, the second page surprises with the fact that it contains almost exclusively instrumental pieces, as does the follow-up Heroes, which was also recorded a few months later in Berlin.
The album Heroes Contains one of Bowie's most famous songs with the title track of the same name, which was recorded in several languages in French / English and German / English. The text is about two lovers who kiss against a wall. Bowie processed in the song both his own observations that he had made in Berlin, as well as impressions of expressionism of the 1920s.
With Iggy Pop, who came to Berlin with Bowie and moved into a neighboring apartment in the same house, Bowie recorded the albums in Berlin The idiot and Lust for Life whose music was largely written by him. He also went on tour as a keyboardist with Iggy Pop. In the Berlin years he also made the film Nice gigolo, poor gigolo, a rather unknown work in film history - it was Marlene Dietrich's last film.
In 1978 Bowie went on tour again and took, among other things, the children's fairy tale Peter and the Wolf with the Philadelphia Orchestra. In the same year it became the live album Stage published and Bowie moved to Switzerland.
Bowie and Eno recorded their third so-called Berlin album in 1979 Lodger in the Mountain Studio near Bowie's former residence in Montreux. It was mixed in New York and had smaller hits in the charts, especially in England, with the singles "Boys Keep Swinging" and DJ.
The new decade began for Bowie with his Broadway debut in the play after the divorce from Angela Barnett and sole custody of their son The Elephant Manin which he received critical acclaim as an actor. In 1980 he had the album Scary monsters, the last album produced by Tony Visconti until 2002, and his single "Ashes to Ashes" was a success.
In 1981 he was in a cameo in the film Christiane F. - We children from Bahnhof Zoo seen at a concert in the Deutschlandhalle. The soundtrack consists entirely of Bowie songs, including the theme song "Heroes". In 1981 he recorded the song "Under Pressure" with Queen. The song came about in a six hour session and became number 1 in the UK.
In 1982, Bowie starred in the film alongside Catherine Deneuve and Susan Sarandon desire by Tony Scott and it was the second best-of album ChangesTwoBowie.
Success in the charts of the 1980s Edit source]
In 1983 he released his first album for his new label EMI, Let's dance. It was produced by Nile Rodgers. It was designed for the masses and together with the Serious Moonlight tour that followed, it was by far the greatest commercial success Bowie has ever had.
The single "Let's Dance" made it to number one in the United States, alongside such successful singles as Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean". Other songs on the album, such as "China Girl", made it to the top of the charts. The tour took Bowie and his team around the world from May to December 1983. David Bowie no longer stood for extraordinary music with experimental peculiarities, but also for audience-friendly pop.
To Let's dance However, the ebb of the first mass success was followed by an internal creative crisis. The following albums Tonight (1984) and Never Let Me Down (1987) were panned by the critics and are still considered his worst to this day. Despite later derogatory remarks by Bowie about his own creative period between 1984 and 1987, relatively successful titles such as "This Is Not America" (with Pat Metheny), the single "Absolute Beginners" from the soundtrack to the film of the same name, "Blue Jean" , a single from the album Tonight emerged song, the score too labyrinth (in which he played a leading role) and the epic theme song too When The Wind Blows.
New discovery [edit | Edit source]
After the album's commercial and artistic failure Never Let Me Down of 1987, Bowie reappeared two years later with the Tin Machine project. Tin Machine was the band around Reeves Gabrels and the brothers Hunt and Tony Sales, with whom Bowie made the Iggy Pop record in 1977 Lust For Life recorded as a producer and co-author. Bowie insisted on being "just one member of the band" and rejected any special role. Tin Machine II and the moderately successful single "You Belong in Rock’n’Roll" followed in 1991.
This project took place in 1993 with the solo album Black tie, white noise (again produced by Nile Rodgers) an ending. Artistically on the whole little innovative and commercially failed due to distribution problems, especially in the USA, in his opinion it marked the overcoming of the creative crisis in the 1980s. The 1992 marriage to Iman Abdulmajid, a world-famous model and actress from Somalia, shaped the musical mood of the work. His album for the film adaptation of Hanif Kureishis was also released during this time The Buddha of Suburbia, misleadingly referred to as the soundtrack and distributed.
The very complex and adventurous album, released in September 1995 1. Outside was not a commercial success either, despite some positive (and many irritated) reviews. On the subsequent outside tour, which included 100 concerts around the world, Bowie and Placebo in Europe and Nine Inch Nails in the United States supported well-known bands in the opening act. It followed with Earthling 1997 a work that again confirmed Bowie's creative urge and shows strong drum and bass influences. The follow-up album Hours… (1999), in which Bowie turned back to simpler song structures, attracted little artistic or commercial attention.
2002 brought with Heathen the continuation of the collaboration with Tony Visconti. Artistically as well as commercially (especially in Germany), the album complied with classic Bowie works for some of the fans and was also seen as a comeback by critics and fans.In 2003 the album Reality was released, again produced by Tony Visconti, with the single releases "New Killer Star" and "Never Get Old". In the run-up to its release on September 8, 2003, Bowie made music and technology history: On this day, his new studio album was presented live and interactively in cinemas around the world. A live show produced especially for the occasion was broadcast simultaneously via satellite in all participating European cinemas and - due to the time difference - one day later in Asia, Japan and Australia as well as North America, Canada and South America. The show was filmed in digital widescreen format, the sound recorded in DTS 5.1 surround sound and transmitted to the cinemas completely digitally. The process thus represented the most comprehensive and innovative use of digital technology in cinemas to date.
With the A Reality Tour from October 7, 2003, Bowie went on one of the longest world tours of his career. Shortly before its end, however, he had to stop the tour on June 25, 2004 in Germany at the Hurricane Festival near Scheeßel because of a heart attack - after his last song "Ziggy Stardust". Bowie was then placed a stent in what was then Hamburg General Hospital Altona. After his recovery, Bowie made guest appearances at concerts by Arcade Fire and David Gilmour, most recently in May 2007 as curator of the Highline Music Festival in New York.
On January 8, 2013 - his 66th birthday - he released a new single entitled "Where Are We Now" for the first time in ten years, as well as a video by Tony Oursler, a homage to his time in Berlin from 1976 to 1979 on March 8, 2013 his album The next day released. It became one of his most successful albums, reaching number 1 in the charts as the only Bowie album in Germany and topping the charts in 40 countries at the same time. A modification of the Heroes-Covers used, a white square in the center with the title of the current work hides the singer's face.
Style [edit | Edit source]
During his artistic career, David Bowie was inspired by diverse influences from western and non-western culture, both in terms of image and music.
At the beginning of his career he orientated himself mainly on modern beat music, but also on the British tradition of the novelty song. He was also interested in the American avant-garde band The Velvet Underground and the Detroit-based proto-punk band The Stooges.
Through Lindsay Kemp he became acquainted with a certain school of pantomime, which among other things also had references to the Japanese kabuki theater. He used elements from this again and again in the 1970s for his stage show. He was also fascinated by the aesthetics of transvestites and the homosexual avant-garde, especially in the New York subculture. Initially, he was guided by the aesthetics of characters from Andy Warhol's environment, on whom he formed his character Ziggy Stardust. Later, in 1979, he promoted the career of Klaus Nomi by appearing in a major US TV show together with the singer, who was previously only known in insider circles.
When he moved to the United States in 1973, he became increasingly interested in soul music, especially the style that came from Philadelphia and is known as Phillysound. This influence was first seen on the album Diamond Dogs audible and shaped the album Young Americans (1975). Since 1974 at the latest, he has also developed a keen interest in German electronic music by Kraftwerk and Neu! as well as the music of Steve Reich. This was initially reflected on the album Station to station and came into its own in the so-called Berlin Trilogy, which, in cooperation with Brian Eno, became groundbreaking for the further development of electronic music.
In the 1980s he oriented himself mainly on current pop music, in the 1990s he took on the influences of drum and bass.
Its versatility earned Bowie the nickname "Chameleon of Pop". He countered this, however, with the statement that a chameleon adapts to the environment, while he mostly did the opposite. He was often accused of plagiarizing. Well-meaning critics, however, credit him with the fact that he combines the various influences into a whole of his own and also helps to make lesser-known, subcultural forms of art and culture known to a wider audience. In addition, countless younger artists refer to him and his influence on their music and their image.
Effect [edit | Edit source]
Music [edit | Edit source]
David Bowie is regarded as one of the most influential artists - and by the early 1980s also pioneers - of his time in the field of contemporary popular music. This is due to his creative power with a large musical range (rock with Ziggy Stardust and Diamond Dogs, Jazz style elements with Aladdin Sane, Soul with Young Americans and Black tie, White noise, electronically concertante with Low - how Heroes symphonically set to music by Philip Glass - and 1. Outside).
Image [edit | Edit source]
Bowie achieved the greatest cultural impact with his fictional character Ziggy Stardust. Their image influenced punk, independent and new romantic musicians from Steve Strange to Morrissey. Madonna claims that a Ziggy Stardust concert she attended when she was 14 changed her life.
In connection with the album Station to station In 1976, Bowie turned into another fictional character named Thin White Duke, which is what the line "The Return of the Thin White Duke" in the title song refers to. His wardrobe now consisted of a white shirt with black trousers and a waistcoat, his hair was combed back strictly, his charisma appeared distant and hypothermic. It was not only because of his self-chosen title Duke that he was suspected of being fascist. During a live performance, a captivating gesture was observed and in interviews he uttered sentences that could be interpreted in this direction. This caused some fans to turn away. Bowie later distanced himself from this phase; the ambiguous statements were probably due to his considerable cocaine consumption. An examination of the events at that time also came to the conclusion that Bowie is not or was not a fascist.
His play with sexual identity and gender roles in the 1970s, which he had developed on the image of Andy Warhol's bizarre entourage since the late 60s and early 70s, was initially a driving force in the development of glam rock and was also taken up by subsequent artists . He was thus helpful in making sexual ambiguity socially acceptable in the mainstream as well.
Almost at the same time as his musical comeback The next day In 2013 the exhibition "David Bowie Is" took place in London's Victoria & Albert Museum. The Victoria and Albert Museum, London showed private pieces from the David Bowie archive for the first time in the international exhibition. These include around 300 pieces from: handwritten texts, photographs, films and music videos, set designs, musical instruments, personal collection items as well as 60 stage costumes, self-written lyrics, drawings and personal diary entries. The exhibition opened for five months in March 2013 and, with a total of 312,000 visitors, is the most successful exhibition at the Victoria and Albert Museum to date. The exhibition is on tour until March 2016. Including cities like Chicago, Paris and Berlin.
Bowie as an actor Edit source]
Since the mid-1970s, Bowie has also worked regularly as an actor in feature films and television series. His work in this area has received widespread recognition, but not to the same extent as his musical output. He also sees himself primarily as a musician, as he confirmed in interviews.
He gained his first experience as an actor in the late 1960s in the experimental short film The Image and in small promo strips as a pantomime for his mentor at the time, Lindsay Kemp.
In 1975 Nicolas Roeg cast him for the lead role in the feature film The man who fell from the sky, although Bowie had no significant acting experience. This film is still considered his best acting performance to this day. However, Bowie later noted self-critically that he was actually just playing himself. He was severely addicted to cocaine at the time.
His portrayal of Paul in 1979 was less successful Nice gigolo, poor gigolo. The film - and its game - was both panned by critics and later dismissed by Bowie.
In 1981 he made a brief appearance in Christiane F. - We children from Bahnhof Zoo. He can be seen there in a concert given by him in Berlin. These scenes were shot especially for the film and mixed with archive footage.
He achieved a respectable success in 1983 in the film Furyo - Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrencedirected by Nagisa Ōshima, whom he admired. The film was released in the same year desirein which he plays alongside Catherine Deneuve.
In 1986, he became known to younger audiences as Goblin King Jareth in Jim Henson's film The journey into the labyrinth known, which, however, also fell far short of the expected commercial success. However, his appearance in a supporting role as Andy Warhol in the film attracted attention Basquiat from 1996. Bowie also made an appearance in the prequel to the cult series Twin peaks by David Lynch: in Twin Peaks - The Movie In 1992 he played in a short sequence the FBI agent Phillip Jeffries, who had been “believed to be lost”.
Bowie bonds and the Internet Edit source]
In February 1997, Bowie broke new ground to make money from his music: he issued a bond (“Bowie Bonds”) that was secured with future earnings from 300 of his songs and would give him $ 55 million in one fell swoop brought in.
Bowie is also considered to be a pioneer of its own marketing on the Internet. His website has been online since 1996. Most of the content can only be viewed by members. You can create your own blogs and take part in special raffles reserved for members, including concerts and “meets and greets”.
Awards [edit | Edit source]
- In 1996, Bowie was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- In 2000, the New Musical Express voted Bowie "Most Influential Pop Musician of All Time".
- In 2007 Bowie was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the eleventh Webby Awards ceremony, including in connection with his work as a pioneer of the Internet music scene.
- According to David Bowie is the giant crab spider species Heteropoda davidbowie which was discovered in 2009 by Peter Jäger from the Arachnology Section at the Senckenberg Research Institute in Frankfurt am Main.
- In February 2014 Bowie was the oldest musician ever to receive a Brit Award at the age of 67, for him the first since 1984. Bowie did not travel to the award ceremony from his adopted home New York, but instead sent model friend Kate Moss in an outfit that reminded of Bowie's famous character Ziggy Stardust.
Musical collaboration with other artists Edit source]
Bowie has met and worked with many prominent colleagues in his long career, for example with his former partner Romy Haag but also with Marc Bolan (Prettiest Star, Madman, Standing Next to You), Brian Eno (Heroes, Low, Lodger , 1. Outside), Mick Jagger (Dancing in the Street), John Lennon (Fame), Marianne Faithfull (I Got You Babe), Bing Crosby (Little Drummer Boy), Tina Turner (Tonight), Pat Metheny (This Is Not America), Philip Glass (Low- and Heroes-Symphonie), Luther Vandross, Quincy Jones, Queen (Under Pressure), Me’shell Ndegeocello, Klaus Nomi, Frank Black, Pet Shop Boys (Hello Spaceboy), Lou Reed and Iggy Pop. In the mid-1990s toured with Nine Inch Nails (Trent Reznor), worked with Placebo (Without You I'm Nothing), Moby, British DJ Goldie (Truth) and Kashmir (The Cynic) from Denmark, TV on the Radio, the Canadian Arcade Fire and Scarlett Johansson.
On January 9, 1997, on his 50th birthday, Bowie gave a special concert in New York's Madison Square Garden in front of 20,000 spectators, at which Lou Reed and well-known representatives of the "new alternative" music scene, such as Frank Black ( Pixies), Billy Corgan (The Smashing Pumpkins), Robert Smith (The Cure), Sonic Youth, Brian Molko from Placebo and the Foo Fighters.
Lou Reed (Transformer), Iggy Pop (Raw Power, BlahBlah) and Mott the Hoople in particular benefited from Bowie's producer qualities.
In 2006 Bowie and David Gilmour re-recorded the Pink Floyd song "Arnold Layne" and placed themselves in the UK charts.
Discography Edit source]
Studio albums Edit source]
Filmography Edit source]
- 1973: Ziggy Stardust: The Motion Picture
- 1976: The man who fell from the sky
- 1979: beautiful gigolo, poor gigolo
- 1981: Christiane F. - We children from Bahnhof Zoo
- 1983: desire
- 1983: Yolk beard
- 1983: Furyo - Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence
- 1985: Upside down into the night
- 1986: Absolute Beginners - Young Heroes
- 1986: The journey into the labyrinth
- 1988: The Last Temptation of Christ
- 1991: Houdini & Company - The Spirit of the Magician
- 1992: Twin Peaks - The Movie
- 1996: Basquiat
- 1999–2000: Desire - The Hunger (TV series)
- 1998: My West
- 1999: Everybody Loves Sunshine
- 2000: The Secret of Mr. Rice
- 2001: Zoolander
- 2006: Extras (TV series, episode 2x02 David Bowie)
- 2006: Prestige - Master of Magic
- 2008: The stock market crash
- 2009: Bandslam - Get Ready to Rock!
Other [edit | Edit source]
- In 1982 NDW singer Peter Schilling had his first big hit with the song "Major Tom (Völlig losgelöst)", the lyrics of which match Bowie's song "Space Oddity".
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