Is China an immigration country?


IMMIGRATION How many migrants are there in China?

The country of emigration, China, hardly knows any immigration itself. The People's Republic has the lowest proportion of immigrants in the world. According to a study by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), foreigners make up just 0.1 percent of the total population of over a billion people in the country. The majority of the immigrants come from Asia, primarily from Korea, Japan, Burma and Vietnam. China's economic boom in the late 1990s also attracted African migrants. Their number is not clearly documented. However, experts suspect around 200,000 to 300,000 people across the country.

ORIGINWhere do African migrants come from?

Originally mainly from Nigeria and Mali, the African immigrants in China today come from very different countries such as Kenya, Ghana, Guinea, Somalia, Senegal, Angola or the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Most of them, officially around 16,000, live in the 13 million city of Guangzhou, where mainly goods from the Pearl River Delta are handled. Your preferred district -Xiaobei Lu is also called "Little Africa". Recently, there has also been an increasing number of African students, for example from Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Morocco.

CAUSES Why are Africans moving to China?

Most migrants move there for professional or academic reasons. They are attracted by the low cost of living, better training opportunities and, above all, good business conditions in export. The port city of Guangzhou, for example, is a marketplace for cheap Chinese goods that are bought there and shipped to Africa. Chinese state scholarships - now a total of 50,000 - in turn attract students. According to Unesco, there are 80,000 Africans in China's universities, making it the second most popular study destination for Africans after France.

LIVING TOGETHERHow do migrants experience everyday life?

China's lack of tradition as an immigration country makes integration more difficult and encourages racism. Locals mockingly refer to the African quarter of Guangzhou as the “Chocolate City”. Africans are discriminated against in everyday life because of their skin color, as
dismissed minell and uneducated. Authorities also go wrong
strengthens against the concentration of Africans in Guangzhou. Some of these are allowed to have their company headquarters and residences
no longer choose freely. Mixed Chinese-African marriages are also rarely tolerated. According to anthropology professor Mathhew Gordon from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Chinese parents see this as a loss of status. If there are marriages, this is by no means a guarantee of residence for the African partners.

[[OUTLOOK]How is migration currently developing?

More and more African students are coming to the country. The run of business people on Guangzhou, on the other hand, is declining. Obtaining a business visa is still relatively uncomplicated, but it is difficult for those who cannot do business directly. Many migrants were also lured with the prospect of factory jobs that their status prevented them from accepting. They suddenly became "illegals". People without a valid visa live in constant fear of high fines and prison sentences or deportation.