Why do women experience vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge / inflammation

A little discharge (fluor genitalis, fluor vaginalis) from the vagina is by no means unusual - it occurs in every woman. The daily secretion of secretions is part of the normal female body function. The amount in which it occurs differs from woman to woman. In addition, the amount of discharge changes over the course of the cycle. Shortly before ovulation, in the middle of the cycle, more secretions are produced, as well as before the onset of the menstrual period. This is due to the influence of the female sex hormone, estrogen. Temporary stress or excitement can also lead to increased discharge.

Discharge in a healthy vaginal environment is initially quite normal

The normal discharge is whitish and odorless and is therefore also known as white flow (fluor albus). The secretion consists of a liquid from the cervix and the skin cells of the vagina. It protects the vagina from pathogens and prevents sperm from entering an unprepared uterus. The protective function is primarily created by a large number of lactic acid bacteria that create an acidic environment and thus prevent pathogens from multiplying.

If this milieu is disturbed, some microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.) can take over and lead to vaginal infections or sexually transmitted diseases. The vaginal inflammation (colpitis, vaginitis) is the generic term for an infection by various pathogens. The most common disorders are bacterial vaginal inflammation, z. B. bacterial vaginosis or inflammation caused by other bacterial pathogens, and fungal infections (candidiasis / candidiasis). Depending on the pathogen, the discharge can also be a sign of a serious illness such as gonorrhea or the rare tuberculosis.