What is Ohio best known for
Cleveland - hospitable cultural metropolis on Lake Erie
The former industrial city of Cleveland is nestled in picturesque parkland and in close proximity to Lake Erie, and over the years it has become a popular travel destination for all those who want to combine the down-to-earth spirit of the Midwest with the convenience of a metropolis.
Table of Contents
Numbers, data, facts about Cleveland | Bustling metropolis in the American Midwest | Temperate, cold climate with a lot of precipitation | Hotels, Apartments and Vacation Rentals in Cleveland | Only city in Ohio with a predominantly black population | Numerous well-known companies are based in Cleveland | A well-developed infrastructure connects Cleveland with the world | Cleveland for tourists | Cleveland - Home of Famous Sports Teams | Great Things to Do in Cleveland | Events during the year | Worthwhile trips from Cleveland | A trip into the history of Cleveland
The hospitable cultural metropolis has something to offer for every taste.
Numbers, dates, facts about Cleveland
- State: Ohio
- county: Cuyahoga County
- population: 383,793 (2018 estimate) / 2,077,240 (metropolitan area, as of 2010)
- surface: 213.47 square kilometers (of which 200.93 km2 mainland)
- Population density: 1,920.1 inhabitants per square kilometer
- founding year: 1796
- Altitude difference: 199 meters
- Time zone: Eastern (UTC -5 / -4)
- Postcodes: 44101 – 44199
- prefix: +1 216
- Townships: 36
- mayor: Frank G. Jackson
Busy metropolis in the American Midwest
Cleveland is the second largest city in the state of Ohio after Columbus and is located in County Cuyahoga in the northeast of the state at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on the south bank of Lake Erie. This means that the city is in northeast Ohio. 22.5 kilometers of the urban area extend along the lake shore and up to 14.5 kilometers inland. Cuyahoga County evenly surrounds the city on all three sides. Together with four of the five adjacent counties, this forms the Metropolitan Statistical Area, better known as Greater Cleveland. The surrounding suburbs are mostly residential communities. The largest is Parma, followed by Lakewood, Euclid, and Cleveland Heights.
Temperate, cold climate with a lot of precipitation
It is said that sunbathers can have a tough time in Cleveland. Because in the city on Lake Erie there is a temperate, cold climate with an annual average temperature of only 9.9 degrees Celsius. In addition, there is a lot of rainfall during the year, including in summer. The average amount is 932 mm. In winter, the so-called Lake Effect Snow, which is accompanied by heavy snowfalls, occurs especially with a westerly wind direction. In winter it can come to temperatures below -15 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature ever measured was -28.8 degrees Celsius.
Most precipitation is expected in June, with least in February. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 22.4 degrees Celsius. The best time to travel is therefore the summer months of July and August, as these weeks have the most pleasant temperatures in Cleveland. Then the temperature in Cleveland can rise to well over thirty degrees. In spring, because of Lake Erie as a temperature store, it takes longer for the air to warm up, but for the same reason it stays warm longer in autumn than elsewhere.
Hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in Cleveland
Cleveland offers numerous accommodations for its visitors. The best known is probably The Ritz-Carlton, which combines the charm of the Midwest with a luxurious stay. It is in close proximity to many of the city's past and present attractions. Find hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in Cleveland at www.booking.com.
The only city in Ohio with a predominantly black population
The population of the city in northeast Ohio is relatively young with an average age of 35.8 years and 50.4 percent is made up of people of African American origin. This makes Cleveland the only major city in Ohio that is home to a predominantly black population. And by far. In the state itself, the average is only 11.5 percent and only 12.3 percent in the industrial metropolises in the north of the USA. The African Americans living in Cleveland make up the largest black community in the entire state of Ohio.
The white population is the second largest group with 39.8 percent, the rest of the population is composed predominantly of people with Alaskan roots, Native American origins, Asians, Hawaiians and Hispanics. The proportion of women and men is balanced, with 51.1 percent, slightly more male than female residents live in the city. Cleveland is one of the poorest cities in the United States, the poverty rate has been around thirty percent over the past ten years.
Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in the city. But there are also smaller Jewish and Muslim communities. The Church of Christ has been headquartered in Cleveland since 1957.
The Democrats dominate Cleveland
Ohio has long been considered the swing state in the presidential election. It was all the more surprising that the incumbent President Donald Trump was able to take the state for himself in the 2016 elections.
In Cleveland itself, the Democrats tend to dominate. Most of the seats on the city council are occupied by Democrats and the current mayor, Frank G. Jackson, is a Democrat. This can be explained, among other things, by the fact that the trade unions in Cleveland have great influence due to the strong industrialization in the city. These are traditionally associated with the Democrats.
Numerous well-known companies are based in Cleveland
Cleveland is part of the Rust Belt and the former Manufacturing Belt and can therefore look back on a long economic history. Because this was the first industrial area in the USA, the former centers of which are now suffering from the decline in heavy industry. This also includes Cleveland, which has lost much of its importance as a production location. What remained are the Ford engine plant, the steel company Mittal Steel and larger factories of General Motors and Lincoln Electric.
Today medical institutions are of the greatest economic importance, followed by banks, insurance companies and the public service. Tourism is also becoming more and more important economically. Cleveland is also an important location for industrial research.
The gross national product in Cleveland in 2017 was 138.98 billion US dollars.
A well-developed infrastructure connects Cleveland with the world
Cleveland has several interstate connections. Other highways and Ohio State Routes bring visitors to the city from A to B without any problems and some of them have been developed as expressways. There is a bus connection to neighboring cities via the Greyhound Lines.
The cultural metropolis also has an international airport, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, which United Airlines uses as a hub. With around eleven million air travelers per year, it is the state's most important airport. A smaller airport is located in the city center and is for general aviation only.
Of particular importance is the Port of Cleveland. It is located directly at the mouth of the Cuyahoga in Lake Erie. He is responsible for shipping the goods produced in Cleveland.
The railroad plays a rather subordinate role in Cleveland. However, there is an Amtrak stop on the lakefront. A rapid transit line and two light rail lines serve local public transport.
Cleveland for tourists
Cleveland is a particularly attractive travel destination for those who are interested in culture. Because there are numerous cultural sights waiting to be discovered. Including many museums worth seeing. Music lovers will get their money's worth in the world-famous Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and Severance Hall, home of the famous Cleveland Orchestra. But nature lovers will also find many opportunities to enjoy nature and observe animals in the city on Lake Erie.
Tickets to attractions and activities in Cleveland
Tickets for attractions and activities in Cleveland can be found at www.getyourguide.de.
Cultural sights in Cleveland
The metropolis in northeast Ohio offers numerous attractions for inquisitive visitors.
When it was completed in 1928, the Terminal Tower was the second tallest building in the world after the Woolworth Building in New York at a height of 235 meters. The skyscraper is not only a popular photo opportunity by day and night, but also has a viewing platform, which is currently only open to visitors on weekends. At night the skyscraper is illuminated in different colors.
Great Lakes Science Center
For inquisitive children, teenagers, and adults, the Great Lakes Science Center in downtown Cleveland is a great place to visit. Those interested in biology and space travel will get their money's worth here. Among other things, the NASA Glenn Visitor Center is located here, in which there are many interactive exhibits. For example, you can perform a simulated landing here. The offer is rounded off by permanent and traveling exhibitions, a café and an IMAX cinema.
USS COD Submarine Memorial
The U.S.S. Cod is a decommissioned WWII SS-224 submarine located on North Coast Harbor near the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. The submarine, which was decommissioned in 1971, is now a museum open to the public and a memorial to the more than 4,000 people who were killed on US submarines. Other exhibits, such as a tornado, propeller, and periscope, can be found on land right next to the National Historic Site.
Soldiers ‘and Sailors‘ Monument and Fountain of Eternal Life
The memorial honors those who fell in the civil war. Inside the monument, the names of the deceased and some stages of Abraham Lincoln are listed. The statue and the Fountain of Eternal Life, dedicated to the fallen US soldiers from 1900 onwards, are also a reminder of the past. Both monuments are located in the city center.
Lake View Cemetery
Cemeteries are not for everyone. That said, there are plenty of reasons to visit Cleveland's Lake View Cemetery. The cemetery has existed since 1869 and is Victorian in style. It is often referred to as Cleveland's open-air museum because of its beautiful landscape and tombstones.
Particularly worth seeing is the magnificently appointed Wade Memorial Chapel from 1901, once the first public building in Cleveland to be connected to the power supply. At least as impressive is the James A. Garfield Memorial, where James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, found his final resting place.
In addition to this, other wealthy American celebrities are buried there, such as B. the once richest man in the world, John D. Rockefeller, or the famous baseball player Ray Johnson Chapman. All in all, over 104,000 people were buried here, and you can see their final resting places.
St. Michael the Archangel
The Roman Catholic Church is located to the west of Cleveland and is named after the Archangel Michael. Completed in 1892, the church is typical of High Victorian Gothic and one of the most expensive and artistically appealing churches in the city of Ohio.
Must-see museums in Cleveland
History buffs can expect a variety of museums in Cleveland that promise an entertaining stay. We have listed some of the best known for you here.
Museum of Contemporary Art
Cleveland's Museum of Contemporary Art, better known as MOCA, is a contemporary art museum and was founded in 1968. After several moves and name changes, the art museum opened to the public in 2012 in a new $ 27.2 million home designed by world-famous architect Farshid Moussavi. The exhibitions focus on works by artists from metropolitan Cleveland and the rest of northeast Ohio. But exhibitions by Christo, Andy Warhol and other famous artists have already been seen in the museum on the corner of Mayfield Road and Euclid Avenue.
Cleveland Museum of Natural History
The Cleveland Natural History Museum is located 8 kilometers east of the city center of the cultural metropolis in University Circle. The museum's curator was, among others, Donald Johnson, who discovered the skeletal remains of "Lucy". A cast of the pre-human skeleton is on display in the museum. There are also more than four million exhibits from the fields of paleontology, zoology, archeology, mineralogy, ornithology and many other scientific subjects. The Hamann Todd collection, which includes more than 3000 human skeletons and over 900 primate skeletons, many dinosaur skeletons, an extensive mineralogy collection and preparation remains of Balto, the famous sled dog, are particularly worth seeing. Near the museum, the Fannye Shafran Planetarium was built in 2002, where you can learn more about the planets of the solar system and which also contains historical instruments such as compasses and astrolabes.
Cleveland Museum of Art
The Cleveland Museum of Art is one of the most respected art museums in the United States and houses around 45,000 exhibits. The pieces from pre-Columbian times, works of Asian art and those from the European Middle Ages are particularly worth seeing. Among other things, pieces from the Guelph treasure can be viewed in the cultural metropolis. The Cleveland Museum of Art was founded in 1913 and completed in 1916.
Western Reserve Historical Society Regional Museum
The Western Reserve Historical Society was founded in 1867 and is the oldest cultural institution in northeast Ohio. It is also the largest American history research center in the region and one of the leading genealogical research centers in the United States. The Historical Society collects, preserves and displays exhibits from the history of Cleveland and the Western Reserve, an area approximately 15,500 square kilometers on the south shore of Lake Erie, the function of which was the expansion of New England westwards. The Regional Museum also houses the Crawford Auto-Aviation Museum, the Halle Costume Wing, the Hay-McKinney Mansion and the WRHS Library.
Cleveland for nature lovers
Big cities have a reputation for being stone deserts. But in Cleveland there is not only culture, but also a lot of beautiful green spots that are ideal for relaxing a little, people-watching or doing a little sport. For example, you can watch animals in the Greater Cleveland Aquarium.
Cleveland Botanical Garden
Established in 1930 as the Garden Center of Greater Cleveland, the city's botanical garden on Lake Erie was the first of its kind in the United States. Initially, the park was housed in a boathouse on Wade Park Lagoon and moved to its current location in University Circle in 1966. The Cleveland Zoo was once located there. The garden was expanded and renovated in 2003 and opened to the public.
The heart of the $ 50 million expansion is The Eleanor Armstrong Smith Glasshouse, which exhibits flora and fauna from the Madagascar desert and the Costa Rican cloud forest. Plant and animal lovers can marvel at over 350 plant and 50 animal species in this house alone, including countless butterflies.
There are also 40,000 square meters of gardens, such as the award-winning Hershey Children's Garden, the Elizabeth and Nona Evans Restorative Garden, the David and Paula Swetland Topiary Garden, the Western Reserve Herb Society Garden, the Japanese Garden, the Sears-Swetland Rose Garden and the Ohio Woodland .
Greater Cleveland Aquarium
The aquarium, which opened in 2012, is located on the west bank of the Cuyahoga River in the Flats District. 55 exhibitions from nine different subject areas are located on 6,500 square meters of exhibition space. You can see both local and exotic fish species there. The Greater Cleveland Aquarium is the only stand-alone aquarium in the state of Ohio. Shark fans in particular should get their money's worth in this city attraction.
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
The Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is 74 acres and features numerous species of animals in several areas. The many primates that can be admired there are particularly worth seeing. It is one of the majority that can be seen in a zoo in North America. Founded in 1882, the zoo has become one of the most popular year-round attractions in Northeast Ohio. In 2007 the zoo was visited by over 1.2 million people.
The most beautiful parks in Cleveland
Cleveland is nicknamed "Forest City," even if you don't know exactly where the name came from. Possibly it is thanks to the former mayor William Case, who planted numerous trees in the city. Even today there is a lot of green space in Cleveland.
There are over 160 public parks available, with the green spaces mainly being along the rivers and on the banks of the lake.
- Rockefeller Park: Rockefeller Park runs on both sides of Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. and is home to the Cleveland Cultural Gardens. The greenhouse on East 88th Street is particularly popular. It is a kind of botanical garden that offers special collections of plants, seasonal flower exhibitions and themed gardens. A beautiful, sustainable and environmentally friendly place that promises a wonderful experience, especially at Christmas time.
- Edgewater Park: Edgewater Park is located directly on the coast and offers many opportunities for picnicking, sunbathing and water sports. Dog lovers will also find plenty of opportunities to spend quality time with their four-legged friend in the 147-acre park, which is the westernmost park in the Cleveland Metroparks.
- Gordon Park: Gordon Park is a 122-acre recreational area on Lake Erie on the east side of East 7nd Street. The municipal park offers many opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming and picnicking and is connected to Rockefeller and Wade Park by bridges.
- Wade Park: Wade Park is located in University Circle Cleveland and now serves largely as the campus for the Cleveland Museum of Art, the city's Botanical Gardens, the Cleveland Museum of National History and the Wade Lagoon. The park also provides a beautiful backdrop for the many historical buildings that are there. Among other things, several sculptures from the holdings of the CMA are exhibited there in the Wade Park Fine Arts Garden. The green area borders on Rockefeller Park.
Cultural offerings in the city in northeast Ohio
Anyone who talks about Cleveland must also talk about music. After all, one of the United States' Great Five Symphony Orchestras has its headquarters here, as does the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. There is also an opera, a ballet, a chamber orchestra and a singing choir.
The Cleveland Orchestra
The symphony orchestra is based in Severance Hall and is one of the most highly regarded ensembles in North America and around the world. If you don't want to miss a performance by the orchestra, you should definitely reserve tickets in advance.
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is located at 1100 Rock and Roll Boulevard on Cleveland's North Coast Harbor and can be seen from afar. It represents the world's largest collection of memorabilia from the world of rock'n roll. The Hall of Fame honors not only influential musicians, but also producers and other personalities from the world of rock.
No matter whether Woodstock, Elvis, the greats from the world of rock, there are many exhibits from world stars of the genre to be found here. In addition, there are several interactive facilities in the well-known museum, which is repeatedly criticized by stars of the genre. It is often criticized that well-known rock icons are missing, but that others have been included who have nothing to do with rock music.
Cleveland for kids
If you travel to North America with children, you are often looking for sights that will also please the youngsters. In addition to the zoo and the aquarium, the children's museum in particular is an attractive destination.
Cleveland Children's Museum
The city's children's museum is much more than an indoor playground. Because the Children's Museum of Cleveland is designed in such a way that it is suitable for children from the age of two. There is a lot there that is fun for the little visitor. The young visitors can research and discover the basics of various professions in the children's museum, visit the safe playgrounds and use other interactive offers there.
Cleveland - home to famous sports teams
Cleveland is home to three well-known sports teams that play in the top leagues in their field. Home games are always an unforgettable experience and an excellent opportunity to experience the unique atmosphere in a typical American stadium. However, the places for the top games in particular are quickly booked up. If you do not want to leave anything to chance, you should therefore try to get tickets as soon as possible.
Baseball: The Cleveland Indians
The Cleveland Indians are a baseball team founded in 1901 that plays major league baseball. The team nicknamed "The Tribe" is a two-time winner of the World Series. Since the well-known club emblem with the Indian repeatedly caused controversy, it will no longer be used from 2019. Home of the Cleveland Indians is Progressive Field, which holds 43,345 visitors and is located in the middle of the city.
American Football: The Cleveland Browns
The Cleveland Browns play in the National Football League (NFL) and were founded in 1946. Her most famous fan is probably the "King of Rock" Elvis Presley, who was friends with Gene Hickerson and Bobby Franklin, both players on the team during Presley's lifetime. Former baseball star Hank Aaron is also a Browns fan. The Cleveland Browns' venue is FirstEnergy Stadium, which opened in 1999 and has more than 67,000 seats.
Basketball: The Cleveland Cavaliers
The Cleveland Cavaliers play in the North American professional basketball league, the NBA. One of the most famous former players on the team is American basketball player LeBron James. The team is home to the Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse, a multi-purpose arena that also serves as a venue for the Cleveland Monsters (ice hockey) and the Cleveland Gladiators (arena football). The Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse holds over 20,000 people.
Good things to do in Cleveland
Cleveland beckons with its beautiful parks and offers hikers and nature lovers great potential. But there are also numerous opportunities to go shopping, feast or plunge into the nightlife.
- shop: In Cleveland there are various opportunities for extensive shopping. The largest shopping mall in the city is the Tower City Center with almost 90 shops, service providers and restaurants. Much more historic is the Old Arcade, which was built in Victorian style in 1890. Unfortunately, it has a rather historical character, as most of the shops are currently empty. The West Side Market near the city center is also worthwhile. The traditional market hall has existed since 1840 and with over 100 market stalls offers fantastic shopping opportunities for all kinds of groceries and more.
- Enjoy: There are many restaurants in Cleveland, with options ranging from fast food to fine dining. There are dishes of various ethnicities on offer, with Polish cuisine often being mentioned as particularly recommendable. But almost everything else is represented, from Indian to Hungarian, Vietnamese, Greek and even Bavarian restaurants.
- to do sports: With the many parks in and around Cleveland there are many opportunities to do sports outdoors. If you want, you can go cycling, horse riding, boat tours or fishing, for example.
- To celebrate: Cleveland ranks fifth among the best places to party when it comes to nightlife. At least if the apartment guide is to be believed. 219 bars, 13 breweries and a total of 57 clubs invite you to party here. The best locations are Tremont, Cleveland Heights, Ohio City, Shaker Square, Little Italy, Collinwood and Detroit-Shoreway.
Events throughout the year
The city in the American Midwest has a lot to offer year after year and due to the numerous population groups that can be found in the city, the events on offer are also very diverse and often unique in North America. Festivals play an important role here.
- February: As mentioned earlier, Cleveland gets cold in winter. Despite or precisely because of this, a popular music festival in the open air is taking place this month with the Briton Winter. According to the motto “fire and ice”, party-goers get their money's worth here.
- March: Three events attract people to Cleveland in March. The Slovenian festival Kurentovanje should be mentioned here, traditionally with which winter is said goodbye. St. Patrick’s Day is also celebrated this month.
- March April: Every spring the Cleveland International Film Festival (CIFF) takes place in Cleveland. Instead of the usual blockbusters, it offers documentaries on humanitarian issues, short films and foreign films. The spectacle is held every spring over a period of about two weeks in central Cleveland in the Tower City Cinemas. The Tower City Center is connected to the JACK Cleveland Casino and hotels such as THE RITZ-CARLTON. There is also a direct connection to the airport by public transport.
- April: Cleveland has a lot more to offer when it comes to music than just rock and classical music. Every April the Cleveland Thyagaraja Festival is held, the largest Indian music festival outside of India. On Easter Monday, the city also celebrates Polish Dyngus Day, with lots of Polish food, polka music and beer.
- May: Grill masters take center stage at Berea’s National Rib Cook-Off. Because on the weekend of Memorial Day, the best of them come together at the Cuyahoga County Fairgrounds. Of course there is also music, shopping and not forgetting beer for the visitors. Another festival will be held in Cleveland’s AsiaTown. The Cleveland Asian Festival is always celebrated in May. This month also hosts the Hessler Street Fair, a two-day festival that has a reputation for being a little like Woodstock.
- June: Duct tape is the stuff that everything at the Duck Tape Festival in June is about. But it is far from the only event this month. A lot of music is also offered at the Larchmere Porchfest. Here you have the opportunity to experience over thirty bands and musicians from the region, while colorful days can also be expected at the LGBTQ + event Celebrating LGBTQ +. And another music festival awaits with the Burning River Fest in June, which promises at least as much entertainment as the Parade the Circle organized by the Cleveland Museum of Art. Summer Solstice and the Tri-C JazzFest are further musical events in June.
- July: Good food awaits visitors during Taste of Tremont in July. Tip: In addition to the festival, make a detour to the restaurants.
- August: If you don't like garlic, stay away from the Cleveland Garlic Festival as much as possible. Because everything there revolves around the bulb, which is even supposed to ward off vampires. The Feast of the Assumption, on the other hand, is Italian, an El Dorado for all those who love Italian food. Football fans will also get their money's worth at the Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival, while the twins are the focus of interest at the Twins Day Festival. Wine lovers will also love the Vintage Ohio.
- September: If you are in Cleveland on the weekend of Labor Day, the Cleveland National Air Show is an event that will not only make the hearts of airplane enthusiasts beat faster. The Cleveland Oktoberfest in September is more or less Bavarian, while the Greater Cleveland Urban Film Festival is another film festival on the agenda this month. The Ingenuityfest, where art meets technology, the SPARX City Hop and the Tremont Greek Fest round off the range of events in September.
- October: A wonderful festival for families is the Woollybear Festival with its beautiful parade, which is very reminiscent of Mardi Gras. In contrast, Cleveland Beer Week is an event in October that quickly shows why Cleveland is often referred to as the city of beer.
- November: On the first Saturday after Thanksgiving, Christmas is slowly approaching in Cleveland as well. This is heralded by the winter festival, which culminates with the traditional lighting of the city's Christmas tree.
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