What are the chances for CA abroad
A semester abroad and an exchange year are well-known opportunities for an educational stay abroad. But not only schoolchildren and students can live and study abroad for a time. Apprentices also have the opportunity to work in a foreign company during their training. So they can different ways of working and mentalities to get to know. The advantage: international experience broadens the professional and personal horizons. That later brings plus points on the globalized job market.
Currently spend according to the federal government approx. 4.5% of all German apprentices part of their training abroad. And there are more. Because the way abroad is for trainees since 1.4.2005 easier become. The basis is a new legal basis: The Vocational Training Act (BBiG for short) regulates that trainees up to a quarter of their training time abroad can spend (Section 2, Paragraph 3 and Section 76, Paragraph 3). With 3 years of training this is 9 months, with 2 years 6 months during which trainees can complete an internship in a foreign company.
The countries in which trainees gain experience abroad extend across the globe. The following countries are particularly popular:
- United States
- Great Britain
- South Africa
The choice of the destination country depends on the contacts of the vocational schools and companies. But above all from personal wishes. Because the rule is: different countries, different customs. In the south, for example, there is the siesta - a longer lunch break. For this, we work longer in the evening. In Scandinavia, on the other hand, people start earlier and finish work earlier. Are you open to new workflows, times and materials, the world is yours.
Requirements for a stay abroad during the training
There are some requirements for trainees who want to go abroad. Recommended is about one Minimum age 18 years. Because the best time after the intermediate examination is, most of the trainees have reached the age of majority. Theoretically, it is also possible to divide the time abroad into smaller blocks. It is important that you agree the time with your company.
In addition to these two recommendations, there are also a number of essential requirements. The stay abroad must
- serve the training objective,
- be agreed with the training company,
- Be part of the training - taking leave for it is not permitted.
You must also submit your project to the report to the competent chamber of industry or commerce. And for the time of your stay abroad get exempt from vocational school.
Looking for an internship abroad
Via the vocational school, the chamber or the company as an apprentice abroad
There are several ways to get an internship abroad. The first point of contact are your own vocational school, the responsible chamber of commerce and the training company. Often these institutions offer various exchange programs. If this is the case and you like one of the programs, ask yourself: What requirements do you have to meet? Which application documents do you have to submit? The IHK provides z. B. a list with organizations and sources of information on the subject of "How trainees get abroad".
Make up your mind: Do you want to alone or in a group abroad?. Many vocational schools and chambers offer apprenticeships abroad in groups. If you travel alone, you will be more flexible and more independent. In the group you have more security for this. Think about what is suitable for you.
Organized abroad as a trainee through personal contacts
You can also rely on the Looking for an internship go. Ask your training company about existing contacts abroad. Such contacts can e.g. B. be customers, suppliers or branches. These personal contacts make the search easier. Perhaps there are also contacts abroad among your family friends? Various are also helpful Databases such as the IBS (information and advice center for stays abroad in vocational training) and the ZAV (central foreign and specialist placement of the employment agency).
Find out about the usual ones in advance Application formalities Of your destination country. Describe your specific motivation, because Internships are not as common everywhere as in Germany. Also go into detail on your previous practical knowledge and skills. Because in many countries training is organized purely on a school basis. So you can score points with already practiced practice. Last but not least, you should be able to explain why you would like to do an internship in this company of all places.
The crediting of the work performed abroad is not always problem-free. You should therefore request a Europass for mobility. This Europe-wide uniform document serves this purpose proof educational stays abroad. Be documented Learning experiences, content, goals and duration Of your internship. In this way, HR managers can get a better picture of your experience abroad in later application processes. The sending institution must apply for the passport. So the vocational school, the company or the chamber. The following criteria must be met:
- The sending institution and the host organization must come to an agreement on the content and goals of the internship.
- Knowledge of the language of the host country must be available.
- There must be a mentor in the internship company.
The Europass is only valid for the EU countries as well as for Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Macedonia, Switzerland and Turkey.
Costs and financing of an internship abroad
If you spend part of your training abroad, you will face various costs. Specifically, they are Traveling expenses and costs for the Transport on site, the cost of living for food, care products and everyday objects, expenses for leisure activities and any housing costs that may arise. Come in some countries Visa fees and costs for the Vaccination protection added, e.g. B. in the USA, Canada and Australia. And you may want to get additional insurance.
That sounds like a lot of money. But do not despair: On the one hand, the stay abroad is part of your training. This means that your training company continues to pay Training allowance. On the other hand, there are a number of them Funding programs and financing optionsthat give you the experience of a stay abroad in your training.
The first point of contact for funding programs are the company, the vocational school and the chamber. Many of these facilities have Cooperations and Contacts to foundations and funding programs. Two of them are Erasmus + and the IBS “Training Worldwide” program. You can also apply for BAföG abroad or an education loan from the federal government if you want to complete part of your training abroad.
Get documents and pack your suitcase
The guest training company has been set up and the finances have been clarified? Then you can start preparing for your training abroad. Be sure to check the Entry requirements. And research promptly whether you need a visa or a passport. In the EU, an identity card is sufficient. Attention: In the destination country there may be certain vaccinations provided.
Keep the topic in mind as you plan Insurance. Because they are a prerequisite for a carefree time during your training abroad. The following insurances make sense to be covered in the event of illness, accidents and expensive property damage abroad:
- Foreign health insurance
- Accident insurance
- Liability insurance
- Travel cancellation or travel interruption insurance
- Luggage insurance
Another important point is that accommodation. If the foreign company does not provide you with an apartment or room, host families, shared apartments or hostels are good alternatives. Make sure you find accommodation in good time. Then you can approach the experience of training abroad in a relaxed manner.
Check in advance how you can get your money abroad. It is best to discuss your project directly with your bank. You may need a Apply for a credit card. Or you need a new TAN list for transfers abroad. If you use a different mobile phone number during your stay abroad, your TAN generator must be set to your foreign number.
In the checklist "As a trainee abroad" you will find an overview for your preparations. And a practical packing list - from clothing to important documents.
Conclusion: Going abroad as a trainee - advantages for your personality and the world of work
Almost every trainee can spend part of their training in a company abroad. If the training company has agreed to the project, nothing should stand in the way of the adventure of a “stay abroad during the training”.
You can use your Broaden your personal and professional horizons and collect plus points for the globalized job market. The prerequisites for success are careful planning and forward-looking organization of travel and financing.
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