What is the largest building on earth

Big, bigger, biggest: the 10 tallest structures in the world

Man has always strived upwards. The best example: the Tower of Babel. Striving for height represents a sign of power and strength for people - then as now -. High towers are a symbol of a city. What is more impressive than an opulent tower in a city skyline? As in the past, they are also used as a point of orientation.


© fotolia / ilkercelik


At a time when there was no navigation system or smartphone where you can quickly enter an address and search for your destination, there were such things Landmarks more important than ever. Also the religious factor the tall buildings must not be left out. At that time the peoples wanted to get closer to their God by building upwards.


Nowadays, building up is more likely for a different reason: Lack of space and expensive building land. The rising prices for space and the sometimes scarce space in large metropolitan areas mean that people concentrate on the altitude. Many of the tallest buildings in the world impress with their breathtaking architecture.

Higher, more unusual and more spectacular - that's what counts in today's world. There are almost no limits to creativity. These are the 10 tallest structures in the world:


Rank 1: Burj Khalifa (Dubai)

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With a height of just under 830 m it is currently the tallest skyscraper in the world. The construction work lasted 6 years; the cost was almost 1 billion euros. A total of 330,000 cubic meters of concrete, steel and other materials were used in the construction. The 163 usable floors contain offices, apartments, fitness and wellness areas, a mosque, hotel rooms and a restaurant.


2nd place: Tokyo Skytree (Japan)

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The television and radio broadcast tower is 634 meters high and the second tallest structure in the world. The construction time was four years and the cost of construction amounted to 60 billion yen.


3rd place: Shanghai Tower (China)

© Von Yhz1221 - Own work , architect: Gensler, engineer: Thornton Tomasetti., CC-BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38037932; Shanghai Tower in China


With 632 meters the Shanghai Tower is the third tallest building in the world. The structure made of steel, reinforced concrete, glass and aluminum was erected in 7 years. 128 floors above and five floors below ground offer a total area of ​​altogether 420,000 sqm. 106 elevators take visitors to their destination every day.


Rank 4: Mecca Royal Clock Tower Hotel (Saudi Arabia)

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The skyscraper is right next to the Holy Mosque. With his 601 meters and 120 floors, it occupies first place, at least in Saudi Arabia. The hotel tower is crowned by the largest clock in the world. The four dials each have a diameter of 43 meters and are illuminated by two million LED lights. The glass mosaic of the dials consists of more than 90 million individual parts. On it: the coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.



5th place: Canton Tower (China)

© iStockphoto LP / momoscarale


The 600 meters high television and observation tower in Guangzhou, China, catches the eye with its extraordinary architecture. It consists of a hyperbolic structure of two offset ellipses. In addition to the usual technical rooms, there are also exhibition rooms, a conference center, a cinema, restaurants and cafes, tea houses, gardens and other entertainment options in the tower.


Rank 6: CN Tower (Canada)

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The Canadian National Tower in Toronto is a 553 meters high television tower. The city's landmark cost 63 million Canadian dollars and was completed in 1976. In 1995 the tower was included in the “List of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World” by the American Society of Civil Engineers.


Rank 7: One World Trade Center (USA)

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The former Freedom Tower is a skyscraper in New York City and the tallest building in the country. It was erected within eight years on Ground Zero, the place where the World Trade Center was destroyed in a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001. The 541 meters tall building consists mostly of steel, reinforced concrete, glass and aluminum and cost about $ 3.8 billion.


Rank 8: Ostankino Tower (Russia)

© iStockphoto LP / asafta


The television tower in Moscow has a height of 540 meters and is the tallest structure in Europe. It consists of 55,000 tons of steel and concrete. After the Tokyo Sky Tree, the Canton Tower and the CN Tower, it is the fourth tallest television tower in the world.


9th place: Willis Tower (USA)

© By I, Daniel Schwen, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7412147


The tallest building in Chicago is with its 442 meters also the second tallest skyscraper in the US. $ 175 million cost the building of the building. In 1974 the building was opened under the name Sears Tower, as it was opened on behalf of the American retail group Sears Roebuck and Co. In 2009 the previous Sears Tower was renamed Willis Tower after the London insurance company Willis Group Holdings rented almost 13,000 square meters of office space in the building and bought the naming rights to the skyscraper.


10th place: Taipei 101 (China)

© iStockphoto LP / Jui-Chi Chan


The Taipei Financial Center, or Taipei 101 for short, is a skyscraper in the capital of Taiwan. With 508 meters it towers high above the city skyline. 61 elevators take the employees to the 101 floors. The building stands on a foundation made of 9,000 tons of steel and 35,000 tons of concrete, which rest on 557 concrete pillars. The total costs here amounted to approx. 1.6 billion euros.

However, the Burj Khalifa will not remain the tallest building in the world for long. In the Saudi Arabian Jeddah, the Kingdom Tower built. The skyscraper, estimated at $ 1.2 billion, is said to have a height of 1007 meters to reach. Offices, living space and a hotel will be built on a total of 500,000 square meters. The highest viewing platform in the world is to be located at a height of 502 meters.