Which industries are hiring scientific programmers?

The software developer

Tasks | Career prospects | Salary | Current jobs

The job as a software developer is

  • in demand in many industries
  • a job with a future
  • possible all over the world
  • well paid
  • a real job for tinkerers

Tasks as a software developer

  • Programming with programming languages ​​(e.g. C ++, SAP, Java)
  • Analyze software requirements
  • Setting up and performing split tests
  • Documentation of processes and applications
Annual salary:
45.000 € – 70.000 €

Depending on

  • Qualification and degree
  • Branch
  • Size of the company
  • Experience
  • responsibility

Are you interested in software and how it works? Then canSoftware developer or software developer be your dream job. Here you can find out what a software developer is, what tasks he does and how you can become a software developer. We will show you how high your salary as a software developer is and of course you will also find attractive job offers as a software developer here.

Table of Contents

The most common questions about software developers

What is a software developer?The software developer is a computer scientist who is responsible for the design and implementation of software.
What does a software developer do?The software developer programs software applications according to the customer's ideas and tests them.
How do I become a software developer?A degree in computer science or mathematics is a good prerequisite for the job of a software developer, the same applies to natural science and engineering courses.
What does a software developer earn?An annual salary of between € 45,000 and € 70,000 is possible.

What is software development?

= Many devices contain software: computers, smartphones, laptops, control units for motor vehicles, heaters and many others. This software has to be developed so that the devices really work afterwards.

Current vacancies & jobs as a software developer

Software developer: definition

A software developer - often referred to as a software developer - takes care of the software: He designs it, implements it and ultimately also maintains it. There are different software stacks, so-called solution stacks, which usually require many years of training and experience. Software stacks such as Apple, Android, but also .NET Core, XAMPP and many others are possible.

Software developers work, for example, in the so-called front-end or back-end area, but also in many other areas. Put simply: the software developer develops software, i.e. a program, an app, an application or anything that runs on a computer or similar device and with which people can do something entertaining or useful.

Software developer: tasks

The range of tasks for software developers is huge and not clearly defined. The software developer mainly takes care of the conception, implementation and maintenance of software. You can analyze and improve existing software systems. Depending on the industry in which you work, you will program individual solutions for customers and test them until they run as error-free as possible.

You make sure that new programs fit into existing systems. You look for solutions for the customers and also ensure that standard software is specially adapted for them. You advise customers on the search for the best solution and, in the end, also train those who use the software you have developed. However, you do not work alone, but usually in large teams.

You can work as a software developer in these directions:

Programmer:You will receive a specification sheet and specifications and write the code for the front or back end area according to these specifications. You are usually also responsible for testing the code you have developed.
Tester:You test software, look for bugs and develop a strategy for comprehensive testing as required.
Software architecture:You develop the structure of entire systems and fundamentally determine how the individual building blocks should be interlinked.
Requirements manager:You analyze what requirements are placed on the new software and formulate them in a specification sheet.

Software developer: requirements

With the following checklist you can find out whether you are suitable for the profession as a software developer.

✓ I like to learn so that I am always up to date in IT✓ I work independently and purposefully
✓ I am ready to continue to train myself in my profession✓ I am good at motivating myself
✓ I have a very good knowledge of English, as a large part of the latest specialist literature is written in English✓ I am resistant to stress
✓ I like to solve difficult problems✓ I can think abstractly
✓ I am very open to innovations✓ I have analytical thinking
✓ I can quickly familiarize myself with new programming codes✓ I am good at organizing
✓ I like working in a team✓ I have social skills and can put myself in the shoes of customers
✓ I am communicative and open

If you can answer most of these requirements in the affirmative, then you are likely to be suitable for the job as a software developer. In addition to these skills mentioned above, you also need professional skills. These include, for example:

  • Very good written and spoken English
  • Knowledge of computer science: These include programming languages ​​such as C, C ++, Cobol, Pascal, HTML, CSS, Java, Javascript, PHP, Python and others.
  • Knowledge of databases such as MySql or PostgreSQL

If you can answer most of these requirements in the affirmative, then you are likely to be suitable for the job as a software developer. In addition to these skills mentioned above, you also need technical skills. These include, for example:

  • Very good written and spoken English
  • Knowledge of computer science: These include programming languages ​​such as C, C ++, Cobol, Pascal, HTML, CSS, Java, Javascript, PHP, Python and others.
  • Knowledge of databases such as MySql or PostgreSQL

Your skills

Software developer: training & studies

If you want to take on a job as a software developer, a degree in computer science or mathematics is an excellent prerequisite for the work. If you have completed an engineering or science degree and are familiar with programming, you can also work as a software developer.

But theoretical knowledge alone is rarely enough: You should have already worked on part-time jobs, internships or related projects at the university during your studies. A university degree alone is hardly enough to convince a future employer of your skills as a software developer.

Instead, he would like to know which projects you have already successfully worked on. But you can also become a software developer without studying. In the dual training to become an IT specialist for application development, you will study at a vocational school and work in a company at the same time.

These courses offer good conditions for later work as a software developer:

Computer science
Software engineering
Software engineering
Global software development
Media informatics

There are many universities and vocational colleges that offer a degree in computer science. You can also work as a software developer if you have completed an engineering or science degree and have dealt with programming. Other training courses, such as IT specialist for application development, are offered by the vocational schools. But you can also study at a technical college for data processing and organization or qualify in a vocational college.

Current vacancies & jobs

Software developer: entry

If you want to join a company as a software developer, you have different options:

Tip: Since the job of "software developer" is not a protected job title in either Germany or Austria, you do not need to have completed a degree in computer science or mathematics.

Many graduates of the above-mentioned courses start directly in the company as software developers. But there are also large companies and software houses with which you will first complete a trainee program.

Helpful soft skills as a software developer

In addition to your professional skills (Hard skills) you need quite a few Soft skillsif you want to work as a software developer. Contrary to the actual cliché, you don't just sit in front of the computer all day and work there by yourself. Even if you as a software developer have to do a lot on the computer, you are usually part of a more or less large team.

Therefore, you need organizational talent and should be able to work in a team. If you can deal well with people, it is equally helpful for working in a project team and with customers. Since in most cases software is developed on behalf of customers, you should understand your work as a service to the customer.

You may also work in an international team whose members are located all over the world and who communicate with each other via Skype or other video conferences. Therefore, the following soft skills are helpful for a software developer:

  • communication
  • Active listening
  • flexibility
  • creativity
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Ability to lead
  • Mentoring
  • Negotiation skill
  • Ability to moderate
  • Ability to present
  • determination

Software developer: industries & areas

To the same extent that digitization and IT have found their way into all companies, authorities and even private households, software developers are also in demand in almost all industries and areas. If you want to work as a software developer in the future, you will see that many companies advertise for you.

Before you start, you should think carefully about the industry in which you would like to work. The number of companies you can work for as a software developer is simply huge. The companies manufacture very different products and each has its own corporate culture. What most companies have in common is that they manufacture something productively and thus want to contribute something to society.

You have to decide which post suits you best. Do you want to work in an environment that develops social media that connects people? Or would you prefer to develop a fitness app that is cool and that many people also benefit from? Would you rather work in a small start-up or for a large corporation, an insurance company or even Google itself?

You can work as a software developer in all industries and areas, it starts with the IT departments of the automotive industry and doesn't stop with insurance. Software developers are also sought in state institutions such as the Employment Agency, the Bundeswehr and other authorities. Even research and development institutions need software developers.

Software developers are mainly in demand in the following industries:

Telecommunication technology

Even if the software developer still has the cliché of the loner, he definitely isn't. If you want to be successful as a software developer, you have to be a real team player. Software has long been so complex that it cannot be edited by a single person. Often many threads have to be linked with one another. For this purpose, work is even carried out across departments or industries: The main thing is that even large projects can be successfully completed.

Software developer: the salary

The salary you can expect as a software developer depends on your degree. If you have a master’s degree, you usually get a higher salary than if you have a diploma from a university of applied sciences or a bachelor’s degree. If you want to take up a higher position in the public service, a master’s degree is a mandatory requirement.

Companies, on the other hand, are interested in whether you have a specialization in demand. Therefore, if you have a degree in software engineering, you will get a higher salary. As a career starter with a bachelor's degree, you can expect a salary of 42,000 euros per year. The average salary of software developers is around 52,000 euros.

If you work as a software developer in a bank and even have responsibility for other employees there, you can earn significantly more. In contrast, the lowest salaries are paid in PR, advertising and in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. If you have gained your first professional experience, your annual salary increases, the same applies if you take on responsibility for other employees. As a manager, you can earn up to 100,000 euros a year.

Career prospects& Career opportunities

further education

As a software developer, you learn something new every day. Even if you have a degree in information technology, you can only find the right solutions in this fast-paced job if you are constantly up to date. Even if you are familiar with the common programming languages, you will need years of experience in various projects before you have achieved the status of an expert.

Large companies offer in-house training on a variety of topics, but the main form of your training will be reading specialist magazines and textbooks and communicating with other developers.

To exchange ideas with colleagues and experts, you should take part in a hackathon or other project for software developers. You can not only network extensively with colleagues, but also make contacts with recruiters and employers.

Promotion opportunities & career prospects

Since you as a software developer are not tied to a specific industry, you can change it after a few years. If you start right after your studies, you will probably start as a junior software developer.

Large companies offer you a trainee program or a mentor. Once you have gained your first experience, you will become a software developer. You can now design projects or realize them yourself. In a small company, you may be given primary responsibility for employees. Your salary also increases.

A few years later you can still become a senior software developer and be responsible for leading projects. You are then no longer primarily responsible for the actual programming, but plan and coordinate the projects.

Current vacancies & jobs as a software developer

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