What are basic democratic values

Free democratic basic order

Name for the highest basic values ​​of democracy in Germany. You can read them in detail in: Freedom, democratic basic order.
In our constitution, the term free democratic basic order is used twice [Art. 18, Art. 21 (2) GG]. This means the democratic order in Germany, in which democratic principles [Art. 20 GG] and the highest basic values ​​apply, which are inviolable. Above all, this includes the dignity of the individual [Art. 1 GG]. In German democracy, freedom and equality prevail before the law. A dictatorship is out of the question. In regular general elections, the people themselves decide who should rule them. It has the choice between competing parties. Whoever receives the majority of the votes, then governs - but only for a certain period of time. Because democracy is only temporary rule. A party that is once at the helm must be able to be voted out again.

The Federal Constitutional Court named the following as the basic principles of the free democratic basic order:

- Respect for the human rights specified in the Basic Law, especially the right of the individual to life and free development,

- popular sovereignty,

- the separation of powers,

- the responsibility of the government,

- the legality of the administration,

- the independence of the courts,

- the multi-party principle and

- Equal opportunities for all political parties with the right to exercise an opposition under the constitution.

See also: multi-party principle; Opposition; Popular sovereignty; Federal government; Separation of powers; Fundamental rights; Parties; Constitutional state.

Source: Thurich, Eckart: pocket politik. Democracy in Germany. revised New edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education 2011.