Which painter should I choose?

Painter and varnisher

What do painters and varnishers do?

Painting, pasting and varnishing, of course! But dealing with the different materials is tough. Depending on whether a new building is being painted for the first time, a historic building or a church is being restored, painters and varnishers have to use different techniques. It starts with the various substrates: wood, masonry, plastic and metals must be pretreated so that the paint and varnish stick. Many customers also expect good advice. Which colors go together? Which are suitable as an exterior paint or for the bathroom? What is the insulation material under the wallpaper?

Painter ...

  • check substrates (e.g. metal, wood, plastic, masonry), prepare them for further treatment and remove rust, prime, plaster or wallpaper them
  • treat, coat and design surfaces with special paints and varnishes
  • know the chemical and physical properties of the various substrates, paints and varnishes as well as possible dangers, e.g. from solvents
  • carry out plastering, insulating and dry construction work

In the 3rd year of their apprenticeship, painters and varnishers can choose between three subjects:

  • Design and maintenance
  • Church painting and monument preservation
  • Building and corrosion protection

Painter and varnisher specializing in design and maintenance

  • apply colors and mix them
  • coat different surfaces with special colors, pictures or wallpaper
  • lay ceiling, wall and floor coverings
  • design fonts, signs and exhibition objects, design room and facade designs

Painter and varnisher specializing in church painting and monument preservation

  • renovate old buildings, churches and listed objects
  • produce coatings according to historical recipes
  • carry out fresco and secco paintings
  • develop and construct ornaments from different stylistic epochs
  • perform reconstructions and reproductions

Painter and varnisher specializing in building and corrosion protection

  • keep buildings and constructions in good condition
  • carry out corrosion and concrete protection measures
  • carry out fire protection and sealing measures
  • create safety signs and apply road markings

Painters and varnishers work for

  • Painting and varnishing workshops
  • Restoration companies
  • Specialist companies for building conservation measures

As a rule, they are also trained there.

Who is the job for?

Applicants should ...

  • have good color vision
  • Have fun with colors and patterns
  • be as free from vertigo as possible
  • can grab
  • like to deal with people

What is particularly good?

  • a diverse and sometimes creative activity

The training is not suitable ...

  • if you are sensitive or allergic to solvents

What is particularly good?

  • a diverse and sometimes creative activity

The training is not suitable ...

  • if you are sensitive or allergic to solvents

How is the training structured?

Entry requirement

In principle, no specific previous training is required for the start of the apprenticeship. Most companies, however, expect at least a secondary school leaving certificate.

The training in the painting and varnishing trade is based on the model of level training: After a two-year training period, you can obtain the qualification as a building and object coater, and in a further year of training you can obtain a degree as a painter and varnisher.

For those who opt for the two-year course to become a building and object coater, an intermediate examination takes place after the first year of training. For those who choose the 3-year apprenticeship as a painter and varnisher, the final examination to become a building and object coater is an intermediate examination. The training ends after three years with a successful journeyman's examination.

Training allowance

The amount of the training allowance varies greatly depending on the economic sector and region, sometimes even depending on the company. The respective collective bargaining partners, i.e. the employers' associations and unions, agree on how much you will earn during and after your training. They can give you precise information. You can find out which employers' association or which trade union is responsible for your training occupation, for example from your Chamber of Crafts, the guild, the professional association and the local employment agency.

What can I do with my job later?

Vocational training is the first step towards professional life. Then it goes on, for example as a technician specializing in paint and varnishing technology. The goal can of course also be professional independence.

Under certain conditions, e.g. B. several years of professional experience, various advanced training courses are possible, including:

  • Trainer (responsible for training apprentices)
  • Master painter and varnisher (requirement for self-employment in the trade)
  • Industrial foreman specializing in paint
  • Technician specializing in paint and varnish technology

After attending a technical college, it is possible to study at a technical college (FH), including:

  • Graduate engineer paint (chemistry)

Brief info

painter

... derust, plaster or wallpaper, paint or spray surfaces with special paints and varnishes. They keep buildings and systems in good condition, renovate old buildings, churches and listed objects. They design, draw, paint and glue fonts, characters or forms of jewelry. The training takes place in one of the three subject areas

  • Design and maintenance
  • Church painting and monument preservation
  • Building and corrosion protection

Particularly good is ...

.... the diverse and sometimes also creative activities

Applicants should ...

Have good color vision, enjoy colors and patterns, be skilled in handwork, be able to grab hold of things, enjoy dealing with people

Who is training?

Painting and varnishing workshops, restoration companies,

Specialized companies for building conservation measures

Duration of training?

2 years as a building and object coater

3 years as a painter and varnisher

Earnings during training and at work?

Information on this is provided by the chamber, guild, employment agency, professional association, employers' association and trade union

Career advancement

z. B .; Instructor (responsible for training apprentices), master painter and varnisher (requirement for independence in the trade), industrial foreman specializing in paint, technician specializing in paint and varnish technology, graduate Engineer color (chemistry)