What is a splinter wound

predisposition

Wounds can have a wide variety of causes and shapes. From small ones, rather superficial Wounds up to large, deep cuts everything is included. However, the size and depth of the wound does not say anything about its tendency to become inflamed. The important thing here is Course of injury and the pollution the wound.

Read more on the topic:Super infection

So wounds tend to go through Violence with heavily contaminated objects are more likely to cause inflammation than wounds caused, for example, by a freshly cleaned knife. Just Bite woundsand wounds that occur on a construction site are prone to inflammation.

People, the one Immune system weakness can also get sores more easily and more often.

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prophylaxis

Several measures can be taken to keep a wound from becoming infected.

The first thing you should do is the wound clean yourself and possibly also self-disinfecting ointments such as Betaisodona® ointmentor Betaisodona wound gelInstruct. In addition, you can, for example, the wound through a band Aid or one Association protect from new contamination. When applying the plaster, care should be taken not to touch the point of contact with the wound, as contamination of the plaster can also lead to inflammation of the wound. Just Wood and glass splinters should removed from the wound as quickly as possible become.

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If you have problems cleaning the wound yourself, it is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as possible. This can also be another Vaccination perform to serious medical conditions like tetanus or rabies to prevent. Just at Bite wounds it is also advisable to use the Vaccination status of the biting animal In order to be able to give the doctor direct information about the need for a rabies vaccination.

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Symptoms

When a wound has become infected, it usually has one in addition to normal wound healing reddish swelling on. The tissue around the wound is also warmer than usual. There is also one Functional impairment of the affected limbs. For example, the finger can no longer be moved properly or an inflamed wound on the knee can limp.

Read more on the topic:Phases of wound healing

In some cases, the wounds become so infected that it becomes too Formation of pus in the wound comes.

Read more on the subject at: Pus in / on the finger - you should definitely pay attention to this!

If the inflammation spreads throughout the body, it can also become one Inflammatory response throughout the body come. If pathogens can then be detected in the blood, one speaks of one Blood poisoning(sepsis). At a Blood poisoning is it a dangerous life-threatening illness, which can be treated in an intensive care unit, but it also often ends fatally. Symptoms of the spread of pathogens throughout the body may appear fever, a decreased blood pressureand Racing heartbe.

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Inflamed wound on the hand

It exists many different causesleading to inflammation of a Wound on the hand to lead.

A common cause is a Animal bite. Owners of cats or dogs in particular are likely to have been bitten by their animal at least once in their life. There doesn't have to be any bad intent behind this - a small bite can happen quickly even when playing with the pet. Since the Saliva of all animalsincluding man many germs contains, bite wounds become infected if they are not professionally cleaned and treated frequently.

The consequence is mostly purulent inflammationthat in the worst case to Tissue death or even one Blood poisoning can lead.

But also other injuries, such as Cuts, can cause a wound on the hand to become infected. Of course you can also Surgical wounds ignite. For good wound healing this is still the case Protection of the wound very important.

This is often difficult with the hands, as you have to rely on them in everyday life. However, it is even more important that Not to soil the wound or too much too irritateto avoid inflammation.

A pronounced inflammation can a Therapy with antibiotics and a Immobilization of the hand make necessary. If the inflammation and infection are very pronounced, surgical measures may also be necessary.

Inflamed wound on the finger

A common cause of a finger sore is one Cut injury. Many people have already cut their fingers while cooking.

Small, superficial cuts are usually not a problem and heal wellIt is important to wash the wound under running water to cleanto prevent pollution. You should avoid touching the wound.

Deeper cuts may require treatment by a doctor. Inflammation manifests itself as swelling, reddening and overheating of the wound. Also signs like fever or Pain speak for inflammation.

If you have symptoms like this, you should definitely have a doctor look at the wound. Another common reason for an inflamed wound on the finger is what is called Panaritium. The smallest injuries or wounds on the finger, for example caused by nail biting, allow pathogens to enter the tissue.

One forms purulent inflammation which can be very painful. Those affected usually feel one pulsating pain in the affected finger. Also Redness, Swelling and even fever are typical. Usually the pus is then allowed to drain through a small incision and the wound is provided with wound dressings. The use of antibiotics is also possible.

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Inflamed wound on the leg

Inflamed wounds on the legs come in particular at Pre-existing conditions such as diabetes mellitus, one peripheral arterial disease or one chronic venous insufficiency in front.

What these diseases have in common is that tissue defects can occur that are then difficult to heal. These are known as Ulcer.

A specially coordinated procedure is necessary for such wounds in order to achieve wound healing. Since the wounds heal poorly, that is Risk of infection Likewise elevated. Other risk factors for inflamed wounds on the legs are Tobacco use and very overweight.

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Emergence

The first barrier of the human body is that skin, once broken through an injury, germs like Mushrooms and bacteriaenter our body without any problems. But also Foreign material like earth or dust can lodge in these open wounds.

In the case of foreign material, the body first tries to render it harmless. They try Scavenger cells of the body (Macrophages) pick up the small particles of the foreign material and then destroy them. This area of ​​the body has to be special so that the phagocytes can easily reach the wound well supplied with blood become. This is how it comes Reddening of the surrounding tissue conditions.

The pus comes about through a group of cells that form the immune systembelong to humans and can die in the context of inflammation. These cells are calledneutrophils. The neutrophils have a large number of different enzymes that have penetrated bacteriaand Decompose foreign matter can.

Read more on the subjectinflammation

Inflamed wound after an operation

After an operation is a possible complication a Inflammation of the surgical wound. There is a certain risk of this with every operation. To keep this risk as low as possible, an operation is performed under sterile conditions.

However, wound healing disorders can occur and are caused by factors such as Smoke or previous illnesses like Diabetes mellitus favored. Further risk factors for a wound healing disorder are a old age, one poor blood circulation or wound care and the Taking certain medications.

Are signs of inflammation of a surgical wound Pain in the wound, redness, swelling or fever. Pus is also a sign of inflammation or infection.

To minimize the risk of inflammation of a wound after surgery, one should keep the wound spare during the prescribed period and Refrain from strenuous exercise. Full baths or showering also have to be avoided for a certain period of time after some operations. Inflammation makes special wound care necessary.

You might also be interested in: Pain after surgery

Inflammation of a wound after removal of a whiteness tooth

The removal of the wisdom teeth represents one routine dental procedure which is carried out every day in Germany. As a rule, the wounds heal well and without complications after the wisdom tooth has been removed.

However, inflammation can also occur. Usually the inflammation is noticeable in that the pain does not get better and the Swelling not as requested decreases.

Also Redness in the area of ​​the cheek and fever are signs of inflammation.

To avoid inflammation, there are a few things to watch out for after the wisdom tooth is removed. Sport and sweaty activities should for Refrain from about 14 days become. On the consumption of Tobacco, coffee, alcohol and Energy drinks one should also do without. Dental care can be carried out as usual, leaving out the affected area. Solid and crumbly food should be avoided for a few days after the operation.

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Diagnosis

This is usually enough to identify an inflamed wound Eye diagnosis because the crust formation is often limited and the Wounds overheated and severely reddened are.

However, there are also wounds that are essential deeper inflammation exhibit. This can happen if, for example, germs deep beneath the skin due to a small, narrow stab wound skin can penetrate. It can be too Abscesses come under the skin. These can either be with a Ultrasound image or one Computed Tomography (CT) be seen. In particular, the CT is only used when there is a suspicion of large, deep-seated ones Abscesses applied, as there is a considerable burden with the examination in the CT X-rays comes.

Read more about this under: Stab wound

The typical changes in inflammation, such as an increased one, show up in the blood count Sedimentation rate (BSG) and a increased GPT (Liver enzyme) and a increased LDH. The two parameters GPT and LDH provide unspecific information about the Cell breakdown in the body and are increased in almost every inflammation.

In most cases of a superficial inflamed wound, however, this is the one mentioned at the beginning Eye diagnosis sufficient.

treatment

To treat an inflamed wound, the first thing to do is cleaning important.

This should be a alcohol-free disinfectant such as OctaniDerm® can be applied. Alcoholic Disinfectants clean the wound just as well, but are very uncomfortable because they are in the wound burn badly.

When cleaning the wound, care should be taken that already formed scab is not roughly removed, as otherwise the wound surface that is already healing can be torn open again. Important in the further care of inflamed wounds is on the Sterility of the chosen dressing to pay attention to. It is must be avoided, that the The pad surface of the plaster comes into contact with contaminated material or with the hands. In addition, when applying the patch, care should be taken to ensure that the Adhesive surfaces do not stick to the wound but on the surroundingskin. Also a regular dressing change should be done. When choosing the dressing material, care should be taken to ensure that these not completely airtight are.

While taking personal hygiene measures, such as showering, it should be avoided that the newly formed incrustation of the wound is softened and possibly peeled off.

Test inflammation of a wound

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Ointments for the treatment of inflamed wounds

Inflamed wounds bring some discomfort like Pain, Swelling, unpleasant smells or even fever with himself.

In the worst case, threaten Wound necrosis - tissue death - or even life-threatening blood poisoning. Therefore, a wound, for example after an operation or an injury, should always be seen by a doctor.

Also the Course of wound healing should tracked at regular intervals in order to be able to treat inflammation and wound healing disorders in good time.

Also come in treating inflamed wounds Anoint for use. You can antibiotic additives contain that one bacterial infestation treat the wound. Furthermore are disinfectant additives which also fight germs and keep the wound as sterile as possible. Just at open wounds is this Risk of infection with germs very high.

Anti-inflammatory supplementse are also part of many ointments. If the inflammation is pronounced, however, professional wound care is essential, so you should not try to treat the inflammation yourself with ointments from the pharmacy. Small wounds that occur in everyday life can be taken with Ointments from the pharmacy supply. However, you should consult a doctor if there are signs of inflammation.

Home Remedies - An Option To Treat Chronic Wounds?

For inflamed wounds one should refrain from home remedies. What has a beneficial effect on small wounds can in fact lead to a deterioration in the condition of inflamed wounds.

If you are injured or cut, gently clean the wound under running water. Avoid touching the wound if possible and avoid using ointments or wound dressings. In the case of animal bites in particular, you should not manipulate the wound and consult a doctor immediately. For good wound healing, the best home remedy is Protection of the wound.

Homeopathy - An Option To Treat Chronic Wounds?

Since inflamed wounds can cause serious complications, is from the use of homeopathic remedies only not advised.

The providers of homeopathic products also do not have any uniform recommendations for using their products on inflamed wounds. It can therefore be at this point no recommendations to be pronounced.

The healing process of an inflamed wound can be delayed by the use of homeopathic remedies. Complications such as infections or blood poisoning cannot be prevented either.

Consequences of an inflamed wound

The consequences of an inflamed wound can range from a small one scar up to great mobility restrictions. If the wound is inflamed for a long time, severe scarring of the tissue can subsequently occur.

Initially, the scars are very reddened, then the color intensity decreases and the scars become less and less noticeable. However, if an inflamed wound is left untreated, it can develop into one Blood poisoning (sepsis) come, which is life threatening. In some cases, depending on the location of the inflamed wound, it can also Joint stiffeners and subsequently to Restrictions on movement come.

Very rarely it occurs in the context of an inflamed wound and a strong one Germ colonization sometimes tooLimb amputations. This can especially happen if the sufferer has a very weak one immune system in connection with a very aggressive germ and a very late first treatment of the inflamed wound.

Usually heals also one inflamed Wound at correct supply goodout. Complications only arise with very complicated germs, a weak immune system and very late first aid.

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Additional information

Further information on this topic can be found at:

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Quality assurance by: Dr. Nicolas Gumpert | Last change: 05.05.2021