Who is more selfish men or women
The brains of women and men react differently to social and selfish behavior. Researchers at the University of Zurich (UZH) have found that generosity activates the brain more in women, while selfish behavior is more active in men.
Behavioral researchers have found earlier that women, for example, distribute a sum of money more generously than men. Neuroeconomists at the University of Zurich have now examined the active areas of the brain in order to better understand this behavior.
The experiments carried out at the Institute for Economics show that men's and women's brains process selfish and social behavior differently, as the University of Zurich announced on Monday. The stratium - an area in the middle of the brain - is responsible for evaluation and reward processing.
The stratium was activated more strongly in women with prosocial rather than selfish decisions - in men it was exactly the opposite. This means that women's reward systems are more responsive to generous decisions than men's.
Medication disrupted the reward system
In another experiment, the subjects' reward system was disrupted by taking medication. Under these conditions women behaved more selfishly and men more socially.
The results presented in the journal "Nature Human Behavior" have consequences for brain research: In future studies, differences between men and women would also have to be checked, the author of the study, Alexander Soutschek, is quoted in the communication.
The scientists warn, however, that the differences are innate or evolutionary. The reward and learning systems in the brain work closely together. According to empirical studies, girls are more likely to be rewarded with praise than boys, which means that they learn to be more likely to be rewarded for prosocial behavior.
Findings also show that the rewards of prosocial and selfish behavior show large cultural differences.
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