Which countries have influenced Singapore the most?
Doing Business - Singapore vs Germany
In its "Doing Business Report 2018", the World Bank ranked Singapore in second place of the world's easiest places to do business. Germany ranks 24th in this ranking. Below is an overview of some of the key factors that make up the ranking of the individual countries have influenced:
|(Ranking based on 190 countries)||Singapore||Germany|
|Establishing a company||3||114|
|Protection of minority investors||7||72|
|Payment of taxes||8||43|
According to the Forbes '2018 Best Countries for Business Index', Singapore ranks 8th worldwide for companies and Germany 14th.
As for the tax burden, personal income tax rates in Germany range from 0% to 47.5%, while personal income tax in Singapore starts at 0% and ends at 20% for incomes over S $ 320,000.
The corporate income tax rate in Germany is 15.8%, while the trade tax is between 14% -17%. The effective corporate tax rate is between 30% -33%.
Singapore's corporate tax rate is 4.75% on the first S $ 100,000 and 8.5% on the next S $ 100,000 of profit. Profits over S $ 200,000 are taxed at a flat rate of 17%.
Intellectual property protection
Countries with strict intellectual property protection systems have been shown to thrive the most. According to the '2018 Global Competitiveness Report' of the World Economic Forum, Singapore ranks third among the worldwide protection regulations for intellectual property and Germany ranks 21st.
Both countries are equally competitive, as their placements in the "2018 Global Competitiveness Report" of the World Economic Forum show. Singapore is the second strongest of 140 economies and Germany the third strongest economy.
In the Heritage Foundation's 2018 Index of Economic Freedom, Singapore is the second freest economy out of 174 countries, while Germany ranks 25th. In Singapore there have been improvements in areas such as free trade, government spending, judicial effectiveness and government integrity. On the other hand, there were also improvements in Germany in terms of tax health, government spending and government integrity.
Openness to trade
Data from the World Economic Forum's "2016 Global Enabling Trade Report" shows that Singapore is number one out of 136 countries in terms of trade openness, while Germany ranks 9th. Singapore has risen to number one due to its open trade policy, stable regulatory environment, low trade barriers, efficient border management, sophisticated transport and port infrastructure, efficient logistics and affordable delivery costs.
According to the "2017 Corruptions Perceptions Index" published by Transparency International, a global coalition against corruption, Singapore was perceived as a "very clean" and non-corrupt country and ranked 6th. Germany ranks 12th.
The WEF's 2017-2018 Global Competitiveness Report also shows that Singapore has the highest levels of public trust among politicians and the least burden of government regulation. In comparison, Germany ranks 13th and 7th.
The World Economic Forum's 2018 Global Competitiveness Report measures some of the key factors related to the quality of the workforce:
|(Ranking based on 140 countries)||Singapore||Germany|
|Digital competence of the population||6||16|
|Skilled workers can be easily found||9||7|
|Cooperation in relations between employers and employees||2||19|
|Ease of recruiting foreign workers||97||11|
|Labor tax rate||75||97|
The ranking at a glance: Singapore and Germany
|2018||Ease of doing business||2||24||World Bank, 2018 Ease of Doing Business Report|
|2018||The most competitive economy in the world||2||3||World Economic Forum, Global Competitiveness Report 2018|
|2018||World's best country for companies||8||14||Forbes' Best Country Index for Businesses|
|2019||The freest economy in the world||2||24||Index of the World Heritage Foundation for Economic Freedom|
|2016||Country with the greatest trade openness||1||9||World Economic Forum, Global Enabling Trade Report|
|2018||Country with the lowest perception of corruption||3||11||Transparency International, Corruption Perception Index|
|2018||World's best protection of intellectual property||3||21||World Economic Forum, Global Competitiveness Report|
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