Which country is most densely populated?
Finland - Suomi
First country in Europe to introduce women's suffrage
Finland in numbers (Eurostat, 2019)
surface: 338,440 square kilometers
Residents: 5.5 million
Activity rate: 72.9 percent
Unemployment rate (2019): 6.7 percent
Average Gross annual earnings (manufacturing): EUR 29,107
gross domestic product (2019): EUR 240,556 billion
gross domestic product (2019, per capita in PPS): 34,400 PPS
Change in GDP (compared to the previous year): + 1.1 percent
inflation rate (2019): 1.1 percent
State budget balance (as a percentage of GDP): - 1.1 percent
National debt (as a percentage of GDP): 59.4 percent
Member of the European Parliament (from May 26, 2019): 13
Voices in the EU Council of Ministers (from November 1, 2014): 7
Finland has been an EU member state since 1995.
Finland is a republic with a presidential system. Parliament and the President jointly exercise legislative power. The 200 members of parliament - Eduskunta - are elected directly by the people every four years according to the principle of proportional representation.
Finland was the first country in Europe to introduce women's suffrage in 1906. You can vote today from the age of 18.
The President plays a very important role: he exercises supreme executive power and also has extensive powers. The president has the right to dissolve parliament even during a legislative period and to veto bills. In everyday political business, however, the government plays the leading role. The president also appoints the government and dismisses it on the proposal of the prime minister or in the event of a vote of no confidence in parliament. He has significant influence on foreign policy and is the commander in chief of the armed forces. He is elected directly by the citizens for six years and can only be re-elected once.
In Finland there are two levels of administration of the regions: the six provinces see themselves as the regional authorities of the central administration, and the 19 regions are conceived as local authorities of the municipalities. Local self-government is guaranteed in the Finnish constitution.
The capital and seat of government is Helsinki.
Located in the far north of Europe, the Finns always had to make a living under difficult conditions. Their most important livelihood has always been the forests. Where tar and wood used to be extracted for shipbuilding, cellulose and paper are now produced. Finland is the second largest exporter of cardboard and paper after Canada because of the abundance of forests and the good quality of wood.
The second mainstay of the Finnish economy is the metal industry, which has developed from the centuries-old tradition of ironworks. It is the largest industry in Finland, accounting for more than 40 percent of Finnish exports. But services are also gaining ground in Finland. Around 60 percent of the total gross domestic product was already generated in 1996 in the service sector. Other promising economic sectors are high technology and telecommunications. Finland has one of the world's densest telephone networks.
Finland's economy is closely linked to other European countries. In 1995 Finland exported around 60 percent of its products to countries in the European Union. Trade with the Russian Federation is also gaining in importance again.
Finland is one of the few countries in the world that is getting bigger and bigger. Because of the steady uplift since the end of the last Ice Age, the total area of the country has increased by around 7 km² / year. The total area of the country is currently 337,030 km².
In the north-west Finland borders on Sweden, in the north on Norway, in the south and south-west on the Baltic Sea. It is the only country in the European Union to share a border with the Russian Federation over a length of 1,269 km in the east.
Finland is the land of forests and lakes: 65 percent of Finnish land is covered by forest, and with 188,000 lakes - the "eyes of the Finnish landscape" - Finland is one of the most lake-rich countries in the world. The highest peak in Finland is Haltitunturi (1,328 m).
A quarter of the Finnish land area is north of the Arctic Circle, so the country's climate is rather harsh; winter is the dominant season. In northern Lapland, the sunless period lasts for 52 days.
In the south of the country, trade, commerce and industry are concentrated around Helsinki. Central and Eastern Finland is the land of 1,000 lakes, while Ostrobothnia is a flat plain and is used intensively for agriculture. Eastern Finland has a rough landscape and is only sparsely populated, as is Lapland, which lies north of the Arctic Circle and is particularly known for its midnight sun.
Finland has around 5 million inhabitants and an average population density of 18 inhabitants / km². This makes it the most sparsely populated country in Europe after Iceland and Norway. The population is very unevenly distributed across the national territory. Around 60% of the population live in cities, 500,000 people live in Helsinki alone, while in the cold province of Lapland only two people have to share a square kilometer.
The Lapps - Sami are the indigenous people of Finland. 6,000 of them currently live in Finland and are recognized as a minority with their own language. They have settled north of the Arctic Circle for over 7,000 years. In the 1960s, many Finns migrated to Sweden from rural areas. Most of the immigrants come from other European countries.
The largest religious community is the Evangelical Lutheran Church, to which 88 percent of the population belong.
The official languages are Finnish and Swedish, which is spoken as mother tongue by around 6 percent of the Finnish population. The official status of Swedish has historical roots. In the 19th century, Finland was part of the Kingdom of Sweden.
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