Has Nehru borrowed Bharat Ratna

Jawaharlal Nehru Age, Death, Caste, Wife, Children, Family, Affairs, Biography & More

Bio / Wiki
Full namePandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Nickname (s)Chacha Nehru, Panditji
Jobs)Lawyer, writer, politician
Main work• Nehru supported the Indian civil rights movement in South Africa under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. He also vigorously opposed other forms of discrimination, including the campaign against the indentured labor that Indians faced in the British colonies.
• Nehru's efforts to internationalize India's struggle for independence have invited India to attend the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities in Brussels, Belgium, where he represented the country.
• In the Lahore session of 1929, Nehru hoisted the three-colored flag of India in Lahore and demanded complete independence from the British Raj.
• On August 15, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Indian Prime Minister.
• He went to great lengths to strengthen India's position after independence from the British, and in 1951 began his five-year plan.
Famous quotes• The adventures we can experience have no end if we only look for them with open eyes.
• Citizenship exists in the service of the country.
• Life is like a card game. The hand that is given to you is determinism; The way you play it is free will.
Physical statistics & more
Height (approx.)in centimeters - 173 cm
in meters - 1.73 m
in feet inches - 5 ’8'
Eye colorblack
Hair colorGray
politics
Political partyIndian National Congress
Political trip1912: Joined the Indian National Congress
1947: Became the first Prime Minister of India and held the post until his death in 1964
Monuments (important)• Jawaharlal Nehru Award for Understanding, given by the Government of India
• Jawahar Sagar Dam on the Chambal River
• Jawahar Setu across the Son River
Awa Jawaharlal Navoday Vidhyalay Stadium, Himachal Pradesh
• Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park, Jharkhand
• Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Bhopal
• JNU Stadium, New Delhi
• Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Personal life
Date of birthNovember 14, 1889
place of birthAllahabad, United Provinces, British India (now Uttar Pradesh, India)
date of deathMay 27, 1964
Place of deathNew Delhi, India
Age (at time of death)74 years
Cause of deathHeart attack
Zodiac / Sun SignScorpio
signature
nationalityIndian
HometownAllahabad, United Provinces, British India (now Uttar Pradesh, India)
schoolHarrow, England
University• Trinity College, Cambridge
• Inns of Court
Educational qualifications)• Honors in Science from Trinity College, Cambridge Inns of Court
• Law from within the inner temple
religionHinduism
casteKashmiri Pandit
blood typeB +
Eating habitsNot a vegetarian
HobbiesReading, writing, swimming, sword fighting
Awards, honors, successesBharat Ratna (1955)
Controversy• At the time of the partition, Nehru was not the first choice for the post of prime minister of independent India, but was voted out of office. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was considered the best candidate. Nehru is believed to have jeopardized Patel's candidacy for prime minister when trying to run for office. The members were also asked by Mahatma Gandhi to change their decision so that Nehru can become India's first prime minister.
• Nehru was awarded Bharat Ratna (highest civilian honor of the Indian government), which is constitutionally recommended by the Prime Minister to the President. Nehru recommended his name for Bharat Ratna, which is rejected by many critics in our society.[1]India facts
• Various sections of society widely criticized Nehru's decision to acquire Kashmir through the instrument of accession, which is now seen as the birth of the Kashmir problem.[two]Greater cashmere
Relationships & more
marital statuswidower
Affairs / girlfriendsEdwina Mountbatten
Wedding date1916
family
Wife / spouseKamala Nehru (1916-1936)
childrenyou are - None
daughter - Indira Gandhi (politician)
parentsfather - Motilal Nehru (freedom fighter, lawyer, politician)
mother - Swaruprani Thussu
siblingsBrothers - None
Sister - Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (First President of the United Nations General Assembly)

Krishna Hutheesing (writer)
Family tree
Favorite things
favorite FoodTandoori chicken
Favorite activist Mahatma Gandhi
Favorite brand of cigarettes555 cigarette
jr ntr movies dubbed in hindi



Some Lesser Known Facts About Jawaharlal Nehru

  • Did Jawaharlal Nehru smoke ?: Yes

    Jawaharlal Nehru smoking

  • Did Jawaharlal Nehru drink alcohol ?: Yes
  • Nehru was born into a wealthy family and grew up in a privileged atmosphere, including Anand Bhavan (in Allahabad, built by Motilal Nehru) who described his childhood as "protected and uneventful".
  • His father, Motilal Nehru, shared Jawaharlal's home education through tutors and private governesses. Under his teacher Ferdinand T. Brooks, he was quite heavily influenced by the subject of "science and theosophy", which led him to join the Theosophical Society at the age of thirteen with a friend of the family, Annie Besant.
  • Shortly after joining the Theosophical Society, his tutor Ferdinand T. Brooks left as his tutor. Nehru's interest in theosophy also soon disappeared and he left the society. He wrote for his tutor that 'Brooks has been with me for almost three years and he has influenced me greatly in many ways'.
  • Nehru began to develop an interest in Buddhist and Hindu scriptures. Bal Ram Nanda described these scriptures as Nehrus;

    'The first introduction to the religious and cultural heritage of [India] ... [they] gave Nehru the first impetus for [his] long intellectual quest that ... culminated in the discovery of India.'

  • He became an avid nationalist and was deeply moved by the Russo-Japanese War and the Second Boer War. He wrote about the Russo-Japanese;

    '[The] Japanese victories [had] aroused my enthusiasm ... Nationalist ideas filled my mind ... I thought about Indian freedom and Asian freedom from the Thraldom of Europe.'

  • While at school in Harrow, England, he admired G. M. Trevelyan's Garibaldi books, which he received as a reward for his academic excellence. Regarding Garibaldi as a revolutionary hero, he wrote: 'Visions of similar deeds in India, of (my) valiant struggle for (Indian) freedom, and in my eyes India and Italy have been strangely mixed together.'

    Jawaharlal Nehru as a cadet in Harrow

  • During his undergraduate studies, he began studying politics, history, economics, and literature, and became an avid reader of writers such as HG Wells, Bernard Shaw, JM Keynes, Lowes Dickinson, Bertrand Russell, and Meredith Townsend, which brought about his economic and political changes in perception . He was appointed to the bar in 1912 (In most common law jurisdictions, this is a legal term used when a person is entitled to argue in court on behalf of another party).

    Jawaharlal Nehru as a lawyer

  • In 1912 he returned to India and was enrolled as a lawyer at the Allahabad High Court. He wanted to carry on his father's legacy as a lawyer, but he did not enjoy the legal practice.

    'Crucially, the atmosphere was not intellectually stimulating and a sense of the utter obesity of life grew on me,' he wrote. His political inclination eventually replaced his legal practice.

  • In 1912, Nehru attended its first annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna (at that time the Congress was a group of moderates who believed in the justice of the British government and took the path of nonviolence). Nehru actively supported the Indian civil rights movement in South Africa, led by Mahatma Gandhi. Later, Nehru campaigned for many other such forms of discrimination, including the campaign against the indented labor that Indians faced in the British colonies.

    Jawaharlal Nehru With Mahatma Gandhi

  • During World War I, many, including Frank Moraes, believed that Nehru's sympathy for France existed because he admired the culture of that country.
  • During World War I, Nehru emerged as a major political leader, despite the fact that Gopal Krishna Gokhale (known as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi) was in control of political discourse. While Nehru had already urged the nationalists on the need to 'policy of non-cooperation, the need to step down from honorary positions in government and not pursue the futile politics of representation'.
  • Nehru was not satisfied with the work of the moderates in Congress, so he campaigned for extremist nationalist leaders who proposed domination for the Indians. In 1916, the extremists Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak founded the Indian Home Rule League and the Home Rule League, respectively. Nehru joined both movements but mainly worked for his girlfriend Annie Besant.

    '[Besant] was a very powerful influence on me when I was a child ... even later, when I entered political life, its influence continued,' he noted. He later became secretary of the Besant's Home Rule League.

  • The Lucknow Pact (1916), which is important for the unification of Hindu Muslims, was held at the Nehru residence in Anand Bhawan. In the same year, Nehru married Kamala Nehru.

    Jawaharlal Nehru with his wife Kamala Nehru

  • On November 19, 1917, Nehru and Kamala were blessed with a daughter, Indira Gandhi.

    Jawaharlal Nehru with his wife and daughter

  • In 1920 Nehru was put behind bars for anti-government activities he had initiated in the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) as part of the non-cooperation movement. although he was released in a few months. After the sudden closure of the movement due to the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922, the divide within Congress kept Nehru Gandhi loyal to the party established by CR Das and his father Motilal Nehru, the "Swaraj Party" has been.
  • In 1927, due to Nehru's efforts to internationalize India's struggle for independence, India was invited to participate in the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities in Brussels, Belgium, where Nehru represented the country.
  • During the Lahore session under Nehru's presidency of Congress in 1929, he called for complete independence from the British Raj and decided to celebrate January 26, 1930 as India's Independence Day. At midnight on New Year's Eve 1929, he hoisted the three-colored flag of India in Lahore.
  • In the mid-1930s, his sick wife Kamala Nehru died of tuberculosis in a sanatorium in Switzerland.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru worked together to develop India's close ties with free country governments. However, they split in the late 1930s when Nehru decided to support the Republicans against Francisco Franco's forces during the Spanish Civil War. An Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, expressed his desire to meet Nehru, he refused to meet him. While Subhash Chandra Bose shook hands with the fascists to drive the British out of India.
  • In 1930 he was arrested for six months for promoting the Civil Disobedience movement with a satyagraha against the salt tax levied by the British. He wanted Gandhi Ji to be President of Congress in his absence, but when Gandhi Ji refused to accept his post, he named his father to succeed him.

    Jawaharlal Nehru imprisoned during the Civil Disobedience Movement

  • His autobiography 'Toward Freedom', also known as 'An Autobiography', was published in Almora Prison on February 14, 1935.

    Jawaharlal Nehru's autobiography

  • He was arrested again on October 31, 1940 for offering Satyagraha against India's forced involvement in World War II.
  • Nehru's longest and last imprisonment concerned the implementation of the resolution "Quit India" at the A.I.C.C. Meeting (Bombay) on August 8, 1942, and he was taken to Ahmednagar Fort along with other guides. In total, Nehru was arrested nine times before India gained independence.
  • Upon his release from prison, Nehru found that Muhammad Ali Jinnah's 'Muslim League' had become much stronger. Although he was initially against the partition of India and Pakistan, he could not change fate under Lord Mountbatten's pressure.
  • India gained independence on August 15, 1947 and Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first prime minister. He gave a 'Tryst with Destiny' speech which reads:

    “A long time ago we made a tryst with fate, and now the time has come when we will keep our promise, not in full or in full, but rather very substantially. At midnight, when the world is asleep, India will awaken to life and freedom. "

  • India launched its first five-year plan under his supervision in 1951.
  • He was the first Indian Prime Minister and four attempts to assassinate him have been made. The first attempt was made in 1947 after the partition of India and Pakistan, the second in 1955, the third in Mumbai in 1956, and the fourth in 1961, but he was fortunate enough to escape all attempts.
  • He has authored several books including 'The Discovery of India', 'Letters from a Father to His Daughter' and 'Insights into World History'. He wrote letters to his daughter Indira while she was studying in a boarding school in Mussoorie, India. There were a total of 30 letters he wrote to her.

    Jawaharlal Nehru's book The Discovery of India

  • Pandit Ji's name was associated with many women after the death of his wife. There has been much speculation about the alleged relationship between Nehru and Edwina Mountbatten (wife of the last Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten).

    Jawaharlal Nehru with his alleged girlfriend Edwina Mountbatten

  • In a book by Pamela Mountbatten (daughter of Edwina Mountbatten and Lord Mountbatten) it was revealed that Nehru wrote letters to Edwina even after the division until her death. She explained, 'It was a very, very deep love that lasted 12 years.'

  • There were rumors about Jawaharlal Nehru's relationship with Padmaja Naidu (daughter of Sarojini Naidu)[3]Word Press. Nehru and Indira Gandhi had a strained relationship because of this, as Nehru always kept a portrait of Padmaja in his bedroom, which Indira often removed.

    Jawaharlal Nehru with his daughter Indira Gandhi

  • He was an energetic, charming, and fitness enthusiast. He loved sword fighting and had a skilled hand in it.

    Jawaharlal Nehru performs sword fighting

  • He was nominated eleven times for the Nobel Peace Prize, but he never won the award.
  • In 1962 his health deteriorated and he was treated in Kashmir. He returned from Dehradun on May 26, 1964 and was in good health until the next morning when he complained of back pain and consulted his doctors. He collapsed from a stroke and later a heart attack that he couldn't survive. On May 28, 1964, he was cremated in the Shantivan on the banks of Yamuna with all Hindu rites.

References / Sources: [+]]