What sura should women in Tarawih recite?

The privilege of praying at night in Ramadan

Praise be to Allah ..

The preference for prayer on the nights of Ramadan is:

Abu Hurairah - may Allah be pleased with him - reported: "The Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - used to encourage (voluntary) prayer during the night in Ramadan, but he did not impose this on us. Then he said: "Whoever spends the night in prayer in Ramadan, out of faith and in hope of Allah's reward, his past sins will be forgiven." And when the Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - died, the matter remained that way (that the people did not perform the Tarawih prayer in community). Subsequently, this matter remained in the caliphate of Abu Bakr - may Allah be pleased with him - and at the beginning of the caliphate of 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him - also so.

'Amr Ibn Murrah Al-Juhani reported that a man from Qada'ah came to the Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - and said, "O Messenger of Allah, what if I testify that no one is worthy of worship except Allah (La ilaha illa Allah) and that you, Muhammad, are the Messenger of Allah, perform the five prayers, fast in the month of Ramadan, on whose nights pray and pay the zakah? "The Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - replied:" Whoever dies in this state will be with the truthful (Siddiqun) and martyrs (Schuhada). "

The night of destiny and its time:

2. The best night of the month of Ramadan is the night of determination. For the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - said: "Whoever prays in the night of determination and manages to obtain it, out of faith and in hope of Allah's reward, his past sins will be forgiven."

3. It is, according to the more preferred view, the 27th night of Ramadan. Most of the hadiths correspond to this, including the hadith of Zurr Ibn Hubaish, who reported that Ubayy Ibn Ka'b said to him: "'Abdullah Ibn Ma'sud said:" Whoever prays at night all year round meets the night of destiny. ”“ Ubayy -may Allah be pleased with him- then said: “Allah be merciful to him, he did not want people to rely on it (the night of destiny) to take place in one night. With him, for whom there is no god but Him, it (the night of determination) is in Ramadan (he swore without exception). And by Allah, I know what night it takes place. It is the night when the Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - commanded us to pray. It is the night of the morning of the twenty-seventh. Their signs are that this morning the sun rises white, without sun rays. ”In another tradition he attributed this (e statement) to the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Narrated by Muslim and others.

The prayer in the night with the community:

4. It is allowed to offer the (voluntary) prayer in the night of Ramadan with the community, rather it is better than doing it alone, since the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - did it himself and the benefit of it set out his words. Abu Dharr reported - may Allah be satisfied with him: "We fasted with the Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - in Ramadan and he did not pray with us on any night of the month until there were only seven nights left. He prayed these with us until one third of the night passed. When there were six more nights he did not pray with us. And when there were five nights left, he prayed with us until midnight. I then said, “O Messenger of Allah, if you would only pray with us all night.” He then said, “If the man prays with the Imam until he leaves, the prayer will be credited to him for an entire night.” As then stayed four nights, he did not pray. And when there were still three nights left, he gathered his relatives, women and people and prayed with us until we feared we would miss “Al-Falah”. ”I asked,“ And what is “Al-Falah”? ”He said: “As-Suhur (the time to eat before dawn). And then he stopped praying with us (at night) for the rest of the month. ”An authentic hadeeth narrated by the Sunan people.

The reason why the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - did not pray with the community all the time:

5. He - peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him - did not pray with them at night for the entire month, for fear that they would be obliged to pray at night in Ramadan so that they would not be able to do so . And this is in the hadith of 'Aishah, which was narrated in the two saheeh works and others. With his -Allah blessings and peace on him- death, the fear of it disappeared after Allah completed the Islamic law. And with that, the reason for not praying the night of Ramadan with the fellowship disappeared. And there remained the past judgment that it should be done with the community, which is why 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him - revived it, according to "Saheeh Al-Bukhary" and other works.

The community prayer for women:

6. The women are allowed to participate, as it is in the previous hadith of Abu Dharr. Rather, it is even allowed that another imam is appointed especially for them. Because it was authentically narrated by 'Umar - may Allah be satisfied with him - when he gathered people for prayer at night that he installed Ubayy Ibn Ka'b for the men and Suleiman Ibn Abi Hathma as imams for the women. 'Arjafah Ath-Thaqafi reported: “' Ali Ibn Abi Talib - may Allah be pleased with him - ordered the people to pray at night (with the community) in the month of Ramadan. He appointed one imam for the men and one for the women. ”He went on to say,“ I was the imam for the women. ”

I say: I follow this view when the mosque is very large so that nobody is disturbed by the other.

The number of prayer units for prayer at night:

7. There are eleven prayer units. It is preferable not to add anything to this (number) in order to follow the Messenger - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - because he has not prayed in his whole life. 'Aishah - may Allah be pleased with her - was asked about his prayer in Ramadan, whereupon she replied: “The Messenger of Allah did not pray more than eleven prayer units either in or outside of Ramadan. He prayed four units of prayer, so don't ask about their beauty and length, then he prayed four units of prayer, so don't ask about their beauty and length, and then he prayed three units of prayer. ”Narrated by Al-Bukhary, Muslim and others.

8. One may do fewer prayer units, even if it is only the one prayer unit of the Witr prayer. The proof of this is that the Messenger of Allah - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - did and said this (himself).

As for his deed, 'Aishah was asked, may Allah be pleased with her, “How many units of prayer did the Messenger of Allah-peace and blessings of Allah be upon him- pray?” She replied: “He used four and three, six or three and ten or three to pray. He never prayed less than seven or more than 13. Narrated by Abu Dawud, Ahmad and others.

Concerning his -Allah blessings and peace be upon him- statement, he said: “The Witr prayer is a truth. If you want, you should pray the Witr prayer with five prayer units, if you want you should do it with three prayer units, and whoever wants to should do it with only one prayer unit. "

Reciting the Quran in prayer at night:

9. As for reciting the Qur'an in prayer on the night of Ramadan, or at any other time, the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - did not specify anything in this regard. Rather, he recited both short and long. Once he recited as much as the sura "Al-Muzzammil", which has 20 verses, and sometimes 50 verses in one prayer unit. He used to say: "Whoever recites 100 verses in prayer in the night will not be counted among the unwary." And in another hadith: "... recited 200 verses in prayer, he is counted among the humble and sincere."

He - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - recited the seven long suras in one night, even though he was sick. These are: Al-Baqarah, Aal 'Imran, An-Nisa, Al-Maida, Al-An'am, Al-A'raf and At-Taubah.

And in the story of the prayer of Hudhaifah Ibn Al-Yaman behind the Prophet -Allah peace and blessings be upon him- it says that he -Allah peace and blessings be upon him- in a prayer unit Surat Al-Baqarah, then An-Nisa and then Aal 'Imran recited. And he took his time with the recitation and recited slowly.

And with the most authentic chain of narrations it was narrated that when 'Umar -may Allah be pleased with him- Ubayy Ibn Ka'b ordered the people to pray eleven prayer units in Ramadan, Ubayy -may Allah be pleased with him- recited hundreds of verses, until those behind him leaned on sticks because of the length of the prayer. And they left just before dawn.

It was also authentically narrated by 'Umar that he called the reciters in Ramadan and ordered that the fastest reciter should recite 30 verses, the mediocre 25 verses and the slow 20 verses.

If someone prays for himself alone at night, he should stretch the prayer as long as he wants. It is the same when those who are with him agree. And the longer the recitation, the better it is. Only it should not exaggerate with the length so that it goes through the whole night, except for a few times, in order to follow the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - who said: "The best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad." And when one prays as an imam, one should not drag out the recitation so long that it makes it difficult for those who are behind him, since the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him - said: "If one of If you pray in advance for the people, then he should make the prayer easy, because among them there can be young, old, weak, sick and busy. And if you pray alone, then you should stretch your prayer as long as you want it to. "

The time of prayer at night:

10. The time of night prayer is between night and morning prayers. The Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - said: “Allah has added a prayer for you, which is the Witr prayer. So it prays between the night and morning prayers. "

11. Prayer in the latter part of the night is better for those who find it easy to do so. For he - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - said: “Whoever is afraid to pray in the last part of the night should perform the witr prayer in the first part. And whoever seeks to pray in the last part of the night should perform the witr prayer in the last part of the night, because the prayer in the last part of the night is witnessed and this is better. "

12. And if you have the choice between prayer in the first part of the night with the community and prayer in the last part of the night alone, then prayer in the community is better because it gives you credit for a full night's prayer.

Accordingly, the Companions of the Prophets acted during the reign of 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him. 'Abdurrahman Ibn' Ubaid Al-Qari said: “I went to the mosque with 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan and the people there were divided into several groups. One prays alone and the other prayed with a small group. He then said, “By Allah, I think it is better if I collect these for a single reciter.” After that, he decided this and agreed them to be Ubayy Ibn Ka'b. Then another night I went to the mosque with him and people prayed together with their reciter. He then said: “What a beautiful innovation this is. What they oversleep is better than what they are doing (he means the last part of the night). "And people used to pray in the first part of the night."

Zaid Ibn Wahb said: "'Abdullah prayed for us in the month of Ramadan and was finished (in the middle) of the night."

13. When the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - forbade performing the witr prayer with three prayer units, he justified this with his statement: "Do not let it resemble the evening prayer." Therefore, the one who does the witr prayer should pray with three prayer units, do it differently (than the evening prayer). This is done in two ways:

First: One speaks between the sheep and Witr den Taslim, which is stronger and better.

Second, one does not sit between the sheep and witch (and does not speak the Tashahhud).

And Allah - Exalted is He - knows best.

The recitation in the three prayer units of the Witr prayer:

14. It is part of the Sunnah to recite the sura “Al-A'la” in the first unit of the three prayer units of the Witr prayer, “Al-Kafirun” in the second and “Al-Ikhlas” in the third. Sometimes you can add “Al-Falaq” and “An-Nas” to the third.

It was authentically narrated by the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - that he once recited 100 verses from the sura "An-Nisa" in the prayer unit of the Witr prayer.

The Qunut supplication:

15. One should say the Qunut supplication which the Prophet - may Allah be pleased with both - taught to his grandson Al-Hasan Ibn 'Ali. This is: “Allahummah ihdini fiman hadaita, wa 'aafini fiman' aafait, wa tawallani fiman tawallait, wa barik li fima a'tait, wa qini sharra ma qadait, fa Innaka taqdi wa la yuqda 'Alaik, wa innahu la yadhillu man waalait , wa ya'izzu man 'aadait, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta'alait, la manja Minka illa Ilaika (O Allah, guide me among those you have led, forgive me with those you have forgiven, protect me with those who you protect, bless for me what you have given (me) and protect me from the evil that you have commanded me. For you judge and nobody judges you. Nobody will be humiliated who has you as an ally and no one will be venerable who has you as an enemy. You are blessed, our Lord, and exalted. There is no place of salvation from you, except with you. "Sometimes one should, for what comes afterwards, for the Prophets - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - say blessings. And there is no problem in saying lawful and beautiful supplications.

16. It is not a problem in the second half of Ramadan to say the Qunut supplication after bowing, to curse the unbelievers, to ask for blessings for the Prophet - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - and to pray supplications for the Muslims . And this was authentically narrated by the Imams during the term of office of 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him -. And in another hadith, from 'Abdurrahman Ibn' Ubaid Al-Qari, which has already been mentioned, it says: "[...] Then one speaks for the Prophet -Allah blessings and peace be upon him- blessings, for the Muslims supplication for good, as far as one can, and then one asks forgiveness for the believers. "He also said:" And when he was done with it he used to curse the unbelievers, to ask for blessings for the prophets and for the believing men and women Asking forgiveness, saying, “Allahumma Iyyaka na'bud, wa Laka nusalli wa nasjud, wa Ilaika nas'a wa nahfud, wa narju Rahmataka Rabbana, wa nakhafu 'Adhabakal Jidd, in' Adhabaka liman 'Aadaita mulhaq (O Allah, We adore you, we pray for you and we bow to you, we hurry and strive for you. We hope for your mercy, our Lord, we are afraid of your mighty punishment, for your punishment will hit those who you are to enemies). ”Then he has the takb e talked and prostrated.

What do you say at the end of the Witr prayer:

17. It is part of the Sunnah to say at the end of the witr prayer (before or after the taslim):
"Allahumma inni a'udhu Biridaaka min Sakhatik, wa Bimu'aafaatika min 'Uqubatik, wa a'udhu Bika Minka, la uhsi thana an' Alaik, Anta kama athnaita 'ala Nafsik (O Allah, I seek refuge in your satisfaction from yours Dissatisfied with your forgiveness from your punishment and I seek refuge with you from you. I cannot praise you enough, you are as you praise yourself. "

18. And when one says the Taslim for the Witr prayer, one says, “Subhanal Malik Al-Quddus, Subhanal Malik Al-Quddus, Subhanal Malik Al-Quddus (three times) (Praise be to The King, the Holy One, Praise be to him King, the saint, praised be the king, the saint). ”You drag out the words and raise your voice the third time.

The two prayer units afterwards:

19. One may pray two prayer units after the witr prayer if one wishes. This was authentically narrated by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) through his actions.He even said, “This journey is arduous and difficult. So if one of you has prayed the witr prayer, ask him to pray two units of prayer. If he wakes up, then it is good, and if not, then this will be credited to him. "

20. It is part of the Sunnah to recite the suras “Az-Zalzalah” and “Al-Kafirun” in these two prayer units.