European countries have state provinces

The flag of the European Union

Of the symbols of the Union, the flag with the circle of twelve gold stars on a blue background, which was adopted by the Council of Europe on December 8, 1955 and adopted by the Community in 1986, is clearly the distinguishing mark par excellence. When examining the symbolic interpretation of the flag is based on its symbolic and heraldic description and the message it is supposed to convey. In its symbolic description it says: “Against the background of a blue sky, twelve golden stars form a circle as a symbol of the Union of the Peoples of Europe. The number twelve is unchangeable because this number is a symbol of perfection and unity ”. In the heraldic description it says: "A wreath of twelve golden five-pointed stars, the tips of which do not touch, on an azure blue background".

The symbolic elements to be considered therefore consist of: a) the circle; b) the stars, including their shape and number; c) the colors.

First of all the circle. A circle has neither a beginning nor an end, it is directionless and without a target point, it is uniform, perfect and indivisible. The circle leads back to itself and thus stands for unity, completeness and perfection. In a circle, all points on the circular line are equidistant from the center point. For this reason it perfectly represents that union of the peoples of Europe, to which the official definition of symbols does not refer by accident. Equality between the Member States is also perfectly embodied in this way. Second, the Stars. They illuminate the night sky and circle around the North Star, which is why they are a symbol of cosmic order.

In flags, a star means independence, unity, freedom, renewal, and hope. It is no coincidence that it appears in the flags of numerous former colonial countries and, in Islamic countries, often together with the crescent moon. If there are several stars, this usually expresses a unit of measurement. They are used to count states (United States), provinces (Costa Rica, Venezuela), geographical areas (Philippines), municipalities (Grenada), islands (Comoros, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe), peoples (Burundi, Burma ).

The stars of the European flag are characterized by the fact that they five-pointed and their tips do not touch, which is also known as a pentagram or drudene foot. Since the five-pointed star can be drawn in a single stroke by a continuous zigzag line, the Pythagoreans gave it a mystical meaning of perfection. In the European flag, the pentagram goes perfectly with the circle, which also symbolizes perfection. The five-pointed star is also a symbol of the person understood as an individual who has five fingers, five senses, five extremities. If the tips of the stars do not touch, it means that the circle remains open. Symbolically, the European Union is therefore not a closed society, it is not a fortress, as is often claimed in a negative sense, on the contrary, the European Union is firstly open to the accession of European states; secondly, as an active subject of the international community, it opens up to the outside world and is involved in international relations.

The Number of stars is immutable and was fixed at twelve in 1955.

The number Twelve is considered ideal. Twelve formed the basic number of the Babylonian number system (hence the name duodecimal system). There are twelve signs of the zodiac that represent the universe. The year has twelve months, the day is twelve hours and the night is twelve, Egypt had twelve gods, there are twelve Olympian deities who were included in the Greek pantheon from the fifth century BC, and the chariot races in ancient Greece were twelve rounds Driven, in Greek mythology Hercules had to fulfill twelve tasks, the first codification of Roman law took place on a total of twelve tables, according to Celtic tradition twelve knights belonged to the round table of King Arthur, in northern paradise there are twelve gates.

Twelve is also a number in Judeo-Christian symbolism. The tree of life bears twelve fruits, Jacob has twelve sons; there are twelve patriarchs, twelve tribes of Israel, twelve is the number of the gates of the heavenly Jerusalem. Moses sends twelve spies into the land of Canaan, twelve baskets are left over from Jesus' increase in bread, Jesus speaks of twelve legions of angels after the Judas kiss, and twelve is the number of the apostles. The twelve is also the product of three, always a divine number (Trinity) and four, the number of the earth with its four cardinal points; twelve therefore symbolizes "the union between the divine and the earthly world", which, as is well known, embodies the central mystery of Christianity.

Twelve together with the stars, the wreath of stars, as it was said, recalls the appearance of the woman in the Book ofepiphany (12,1) and represents the symbol par excellence for popular iconography of the Virgin Mary.

The Colours in the end. The colors also have their expressive and symbolic value.

The rectangle of the flag is blue, the color of the sky and the universe. Blue is also traditionally the color of the European continent. In their preparations for the adoption of the flag by the Council of Europe, numerous parliamentarians referred to this symbolism. After all, blue is the color of Virgo. The stone of the virgin is the blue sapphire, which - also in the Book of Revelation (21,19) - forms a cornerstone of the city wall of the New Jerusalem; blue is the color of Mary's mantle.

The European flag - so it was noted - therefore meets all the necessary requirements for the creation of an ideal emblem: convincing symbolism, simple, easy to interpret, not difficult to recognize, harmonious, original and easy to produce. It is therefore a perfect flag in three ways - geometrically, symbolically and politically.

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