Electrical engineers are in great demand

Profession electrical engineer - job description and job opportunities

Would you like to know in which professions you can work after your electrical engineering degree, in which industries jobs are waiting for you and what career prospects electrical engineers have now and in the future? You can find all the important information here.

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Are you interested in technology and everything related to it? Then the Hochschule Fresenius offers you a variety of suitable online courses. All details in the information material.

Job prospects after studying electrical engineering

Without electrical engineers, our technical and thus also our living standards would not be where they are today. Every day, experts work on further developing technical devices and processes, tracking down new energy sources and keeping existing power grids running. And since progress is progressing more and more rapidly, more and more experts are needed who are involved in the broad field of electrical engineering and go innovative ways.

As in the other engineering courses, there are also various areas of focus in electrical engineering that you should decide on from the fifth semester at the latest. The later professional fields also result from these focal points. So whether you later deal with the development of medical nanotechnologies, the construction of robots or the planning of future-oriented communication processes depends on which specialty you choose. Here we introduce you to the different industries and fields of activity that are open to electrical engineers after successfully completing their studies.

Occupational fields for electrical engineers

As the name suggests, this specialty is about electrical energy and its generation, transport, distribution, conversion and application. All of this is of global importance, as the energy turnover on earth continues to increase, which is why new technologies and renewable energy sources such as sun and wind play a major role.

Engineers in this department develop these new technologies; they are responsible for planning and monitoring energy generation systems, improving efficiency, environmental compatibility and much more. Energy technicians therefore often work for energy supply companies such as municipal utilities or power grid operators. But they are also used in the public service, for example as specialists at patent or trade supervisory offices. Electrical engineers can also find jobs in planning offices for the energy supply of industrial or traffic systems, in the telecommunications industry and many other areas.

Electronics is one of the most important specialist areas in electrical engineering and is used almost everywhere - whether in a toaster, computer or airplane. With their knowledge of the physical-technical basics, electronics engineers develop components such as electronic circuits, semiconductor components and highly complex integrated circuits. Job opportunities arise, for example, at telecommunications companies and in the energy sector, but also in the automotive industry, as the specialist area also plays an important role in the production of electric motors.

Engineers who specialize in microelectronics are also in great demand. Microelectronics is used in more and more areas and microchips are used in many different ways, for example in telecommunications and medical technology. Microelectronic engineers are responsible for the development of these microchips and thus contribute significantly to the development of technical innovations. You work primarily in the computer and information technology industries.

Automatically running processes are the main topic that engineers of automation technology deal with. They create concepts such as how, for example, automated assembly line production in factories can be regulated, measured, monitored and improved. They use computers for measurement, display, diagnosis and operational management. The development of the appropriate hardware and software as well as the multimedia linking of various procedures and processes are also part of their tasks. Entire production plants and factories can thus be controlled worldwide and maintained remotely.

There are many possible uses for automation technicians, because automated processes are used across all sectors, for example in the food industry, environmental technology, the automotive industry, in the chemical industry, etc. The job profiles are just as diverse: From developer to sales engineer to project manager, every electrical engineer will find it here suitable area of ​​responsibility.

Communication technology, often also called information technology, deals with the processing, coding, storage and transmission of data such as text, voice and images. Graduates of this specialization develop new techniques of information transmission, optimize existing technologies, design new devices and monitor the manufacture and operation of information technology systems. In the meantime, communications and information technology are so closely linked with computer science that the boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred. The link to media technology and multimedia design is also becoming closer.

Professional opportunities arise, for example, in radio and television technology, navigation and radar technology, in mobile communications, in the publishing and printing industry, in the electrical and IT industries, but also in engineering offices, in development and research or at universities.

Interview with a service engineer

We interviewed Torsten W., a graduate of a dual degree in electrical engineering. Today he works as a service engineer and reports for us from everyday work and studies.

to the interview

Further specialist areas and areas of responsibility

There are a few other sub-areas within electrical engineering from which further job profiles arise. For example, there is optoelectronics (a mix of optics and electronics), which deals with the development and testing of optoelectronic devices such as photoelectric barriers. Areas such as laser technology, infrared technology, optical sensors and image processing are also areas of application for optoelectronics. Engineers who have specialized in this direction work primarily in the manufacture of optoelectronic products in the areas of laser technology, image processing, optical communication technology, optical sensors in industry, traffic engineering and medical technology.

Another special discipline in electrical engineering is robotics - the department that smells the most of the future and high-tech. The focus here is on the development of robot machine systems and artificial intelligence. There is a need for this in all branches of industry, which results in a number of professional areas of responsibility. Potential areas of application include the automotive industry, medical technology, military technology, research, IT and large companies that have to organize a huge mountain of data.

High-voltage technology is also part of electrical engineering or equally part of energy technology. And it is indeed a very exciting matter because it is only through it that it is possible to distribute energy in large quantities across the country. But that is by no means all, because wherever extremely high voltages are required, this technology is used and thus graduates of this subject are also used. For example, in the development of X-ray devices and lasers in medical technology, in physical research with particle accelerators and high-performance light sources, but also in the construction of television tubes, photocopiers and much more.

Other industries in which electrical engineers also have exciting job prospects are

  • telecommunications
  • Electronics industry
  • Automotive industry
  • Mechanical and plant engineering
  • food industry
  • chemical industry
  • Medical and microsystem technology
  • Energy industry
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Traffic engineering and control
  • Engineering and design offices
  • Software company
  • Public service
  • Research institutions

Electrical engineers are therefore open to numerous industries and specialist areas. Just as numerous and varied, however, are the areas of responsibility that you can carry out here.

  • Work preparation
  • Production planning and control
  • Purchasing
  • procurement
  • Research and Development
  • IT
  • Design, manufacture and production
  • Customer service
  • Warehousing and materials management
  • Shipping, management, corporate governance
  • Quality management and assurance
  • Distribution and sales

Career opportunities for electrical engineers

The career prospects after studying electrical engineering are very good. In general, there is a shortage of qualified specialists in companies, and the trend is rising, as more electrical engineers are retiring than new ones. The need is great, so it is not too difficult for graduates to get a job quickly, even when the economic situation is poor. The energy transition in particular has drastically increased the demand for qualified electrical engineers.

A great advantage that trained electrical engineers have is that they can also be used in a variety of ways due to the variety of industries that are open to them. However, the competencies of the individual applicant also play a role in the hiring process. Graduates who have gained practical experience during their studies (outside of the compulsory internship) have something ahead of their inexperienced competitors. Companies appreciate this commitment, which goes beyond the course of study, and are usually more likely to choose candidates who have these skills.

So if you are looking for a lucrative position and a quick job entry, you have better chances if you have shown practical commitment during your studies. Career starters are advised to start in the traditional research and development and to gain professional experience. You can then later switch to project planning or sales with accumulated expert knowledge.

Salary: What does an electrical engineer earn?

Electrical engineers earn really well. In our large salary article, we will tell you how the salary is at the beginning of your career and as a professional:

Salary electrical engineer

Vacancies for electrical engineers

Curious about the job market? Job advertisements are a good source of assessing job prospects - not just for those who are already looking.