The Republic of Ireland is 100 Catholic

Great Britain commemorates 100 years of Northern Ireland

Against the backdrop of renewed interdenominational violence in Northern Ireland, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated the British province's centenary efforts to promote the peace process in the region. "It is clear that reconciliation, equality and mutual understanding cannot be taken for granted and require further sustained steadfastness and commitment," said a message from the Queen. The peace process in the former civil war region is the merit of a generation of politicians and people who had the courage and the vision to put reconciliation over division.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said on Twitter that it is important that "we pause to reflect on the complex history of the past 100 years".


British Prime Minister Boris Johnson

Commemorative events are not taking place due to the corona pandemic. There was also resistance from the Republican Catholics, many of whom continue to seek unification of the province with the Republic of Ireland.

According to historians, May 3, 1921 is considered the birth of Northern Ireland. On that date, the law that manifested Northern Ireland's secession from the rest of the Irish island came into force. Northern Ireland has remained British ever since.

The British King George V and his wife Queen Mary on May 3rd 1921 in Belfast, Northern Ireland

The question of whether the country should belong to the United Kingdom or reunite with the Republic of Ireland sparked decades of civil war. Even 23 years after the end of the bloody conflict between Protestants and Catholics, the province of 1.9 million inhabitants is deeply divided. Most recently in April there were nightly riots for days, mostly among young Protestants, who are dissatisfied with the effects of Brexit on their province.

Northern Ireland Protocol continues to cause strife

The so-called Northern Ireland Protocol on Brexit is particularly controversial. The agreement between London and Brussels stipulates that goods imported into Northern Ireland from Great Britain must be checked. The aim of the regulation is to prevent a closed border between Northern Ireland and the EU-owned Republic of Ireland, as this would jeopardize the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. The unionists criticize that this will create a maritime border and pave the way for a reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland.

Arlene Foster: DUP party colleagues accuse her of being too indulgent in the Brexit negotiations

The announced resignation of the pro-British Prime Minister Arlene Forster at the end of April further exacerbates the uncertainty about the future of Northern Ireland. Foster and her Unionist Party (DUP) played a key role in the Brexit negotiations for Britain to leave the EU. The DUP works in the Northern Irish regional government with the Sinn Fein party, which represents the Catholic camp.

se / sti (dpa, afp, rtr)