What is the fatiha prayer

Reciting Surah Al-Fatiha in prayer

Praise be to Allah ..

The recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha is a pillar of prayer in every prayer unit, whether one is an imam or praying alone, based on the prophet's statement, may Allah bless him:

"He has no prayer who does not read the opening part of the book."

(What is meant is Fatiha, which literally means opening) Narrated by al-Bukhari (Al-Adhan / 714).

As for the recitation of Sura Al-Fatiha for the one behind the Imam, in a loud prayer (These are the prayers in which the Imam recites the Koran in the first two prayer units. So: Fajr, Maghrib and `Ischa), pray, the scholars have two opinions on this:

The first:

That it's compulsory. The proof of this is the general statement of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him:

"He has no prayer who does not read the opening part of the book."

And when the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, taught those who make a mistake in their prayer, he ordered them to recite Al-Fatiha.

It has been authentically narrated from the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, that he used to recite it (Al-Fatiha) in every unit of prayer.

Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar said in “Fath al-Bari”: “It has been confirmed that he who prays behind the Imam is allowed to recite al-Fatiha, without limitation, in the prayer unit in which it is recited aloud . This is because of what al-Bukhari in "Juz` Al-Qiraa`a", at-Tirmidhi, ibn Hibban and others from Makhul, from Mahmud ibn Ar-Rabi`, from `Ubaada, narrated it to the Prophet, Allah Blessings and peace be upon him, difficult to recite much in morning prayers. When he finished he said:

“Are you sure you are reciting behind your Imam?” We said: “Yes!” He said: “Don't do it, except with the opening part of the book, because he who does not recite it has no prayer.”

The second opinion:

That the Imam's recitation is the recitation of the one who prays behind him. The proof of this is the statement of Allah that He is exalted:

"And when the Qur'an is recited, listen to it and listen."

[Al-A’raaf: 204]

Ibn Hajar said: “Those who, in loud prayer, leave it out, like the Malikites, argue with the hadith:“ And when he recites, then listen. ”And this is an authentic hadith, the Muslim of Abu Musa Al -Ash'ari narrated.

Those who say it is a duty say that it (Al-Fatiha) is not recited until the Imam has finished reciting and before he begins or will recite the next sura during the pauses in the Imams, recited.

Ibn Hajar said: "He listens when the Imam recites and recites (himself) when he (the Imam) does not recite."

As-Shaykh ibn Baz said: “The imam's pauses are those who get along with the imam during or after Al-Fatiha, or during the sura afterwards. But if he does not take a break, according to the more authentic statement of the scholars who pray behind him, he has to recite Al-Fatiha, even while the Imam is still reciting himself. "

See “Fatawa ash-Shaikh ibn Baz, Volume 11, p.221.

The Standing Committee was asked such a question, to which they replied:

“It is correct from the statements of the scholars that it is a duty to recite Al-Fatiha in prayer, whether one prays alone, as an imam or behind him, both in loud and quiet prayer. This is due to the authenticity of the evidence that suggests it and its peculiarity (special). As for the statement of Allah that He is exalted:

"And when the Qur'an is recited, listen to it and listen so that you may find mercy."

[Al-A’raaf 7: 204]

So this is general. It is the same with the prophet's statement, may Allah bless you

and peace be upon him: "When he recites, listen."

This applies to al-Fatiha in general as well as to other suras.

Thus, through the hadith, these become:

“No prayer has he who recited the opening of the book” specified by uniting them with the verified evidence.

As for the hadith:

"Whoever has an imam, the imam's recitation is his recitation," as far as he goes, he is weak. And it is not correct to say that the saying of “Aamiin” (which means: “O Allah, hear!” This is said after the recitation of Sura Al-Fatiha in prayer) of those behind the Imam pray after the Imam has recited Al-Fatiha, taking the position of their recitation from Al-Fatiha.

And you should not use scholarly disagreement on this matter as a vehicle for hatred, division, and mutual hostility. Rather, you should study, research and debate scientifically more. And when some of you follow a scholar who says that whoever prays behind the Imam is obliged to recite Surah Al-Fatiha in loud prayer, and others follow a scholar who says it is duty If the Imam is to be listened to in loud prayer, and if the Imam's recitation is sufficient, there is no problem (in two different situations). There is no reason for some to denounce the other and for that reason to hate each other.

Their hearts (lit .: breasts) must expand for the differences of opinion of the scholars and their heads must expand for the reasons of the differences of opinion between the scholars.

Ask Allah for guidance in what one argues about about the truth, for He is all-hearing and listening.

And may Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad.