What is positive and negative reinforcement

negative reinforcement

In learning psychology, negative reinforcement is understood to mean the increase in the frequency of behavior when negative stimuli, such as a blow, are no longer or weaker. A negative enhancer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response, reinforces the response. Important: negative reinforcement is not the same as punishment. With the negative reinforcement So the behavior is followed by the absence of an unpleasant event (amplifier). Especially Avoidance behavior Is maintained by negative reinforcement: In dangerous situations (e.g. high buildings), avoidance behavior occurs (avoidance of high buildings) and is reinforced by the absence of anxiety states. This will prevent the fear response from being erased.

An example of this would be the parents' threat to cancel a children's party if the homework is not done. This threat is not carried out because the child is doing their homework. Further examples: learning behavior - no more rebuke from the teacher or no more constant admonitions from parents; Occurrence of nausea before an exam - the exam cannot be taken, so there is a relieving reinforcement (occurrence of nausea is intensified by the absence of an unpleasant event)

On the contrary, see the positive reinforcement.

See generally The concept of punishment and reinforcement

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