What are the main cities in Turkey


Parliamentary republic
independent since 1923


Turkey is a country between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. The land has a total area of ​​785,350 km² and a total coastline of 7,200 km. This land mass is roughly 2.2 times the size of Germany. This makes Turkey one of the largest countries in Asia and the 37th largest country in the world. It is comparatively high at an average altitude of 1132 m above sea level.

The country has around 500 islands, some of which are uninhabited. There are direct national borders with the 8 neighboring countries Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The distance between Berlin and the capital Ankara is approximately 2,040 km.

The currency in Turkey is Turkish Lira (TRY).
1 lira is divided into 100 kurus.
Status: May 18, 2021
1 euro = 10.11 lira
100 lira = 9.89 euros

The climate in Turkey

Turkey has a subtropical climate, so it is much drier and warmer than ours. There are heavy rain showers only in a few wetter months per year. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 7 and 32 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 40 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops to as low as -1 ° C in the monthly mean.

Average day and night temperatures






According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Turkey is one of the developing countries due to its economic performance. Despite this classification, the country is currently one of the emerging countries, i.e. one of the countries with increasing industrialization.

With an HDI (Human Development Index) of 0.820, Turkey is one of the most highly developed economies according to the UN definition. However, the IMF does not share this classification.

Land use

6% urban areas:44,090 km²
50% agriculture:393,303 km²
15% forests:119,530 km²
0% water surface:15,720 km²
29% other areas:228,426 km²



Road network:67,333 km
Rail network:12,710 km
Waterways:1,200 km
Commercial ports:1.234

The main cities

Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Freedom of speech:
Death penalty:abolished in 2004


The following international markings apply to this country:
ISO 3166-1 alpha3: DOOR ISO 3166-1 alpha2: TR ISO 3166-1 numeric: 792 Fips10: TU STANAG: DOOR IOC: DOOR License Plate: TR UN / LOCODE: TR Domain ending: tr Country code: +90

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