How often do reservists work
Military exercise! What bosses and reservists should know!
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The fact is that the Bundeswehr is increasingly dependent on the support of motivated reservists when it comes to fulfilling its mission. These are often former temporary or professional soldiers who can usually take on the tasks of their active comrades without much training. Thus they form an important support in almost all troops or special reserve units. Some of the reserve service providers (RDL) are permanently scheduled for certain posts and practice there regularly. The times of large-scale military exercises with thousands of reservists, even those called up against their will if necessary, are long gone.
Labor law aspects of the reserve
First things first: During the exercise, the employment relationship is suspended, so that the mutual main performance obligations are temporarily lifted while the employment relationship continues. The employee does not have to perform any work during the exercise period and in return the company is released from its payment obligation for the wages. In addition, the employer's pension insurance contributions, contributions to statutory health and long-term care insurance and contributions to unemployment insurance do not apply to the employer during the exemption period. In addition, contributions to the company pension scheme of the employee concerned are reimbursed.
Of course, the worker does not have to gnaw on starvation during his exercise. In the case of a military exercise lasting more than 3 days, he receives tax-free compensation for loss of earnings, provided that he does not receive any wages during the exercise. In this case, the monthly wage tax table can be applied to the monthly wage that remains after deduction of the wage loss for the days of the military exercise. If the employer nevertheless pays the agreed wages during a military exercise, the employment relationship continues for tax purposes and the wage tax deduction is retained in accordance with the general regulations.
Nothing works without voluntariness
If the boss has agreed to a possible exercise, the responsible career center of the Bundeswehr will send out a so-called reference notice and various additional documents. In doing so, the reservist is obliged to submit the notice of recruitment to the employer immediately. If the convocation has a negative effect on business operations, the employee can be temporarily made indispensable. If, on the other hand, no objection is lodged, the employment relationship begins at the stipulated point in time and when the barracks begin working.
Services for reserve service providers at a glance
In addition to the loss of earnings, reserve service providers receive a tax-free reserve service bonus for each day of the service. Depending on the rank, this is between 18.82 euros and 29.00 euros per day. In addition, a tax-free obligation surcharge can be granted if an RDL undertakes to complete a minimum number of practice days per calendar year due to a special offer. For the entire duration of the reserve service, the Bundeswehr also pays the contributions for the statutory pension and unemployment insurance. In addition, reservists become one during the exercise free medical care in case of illness, free accommodation as well as a Reimbursement of travel expenses granted. Because of the free medical care, the statutory health insurance is suspended during the exercise period. Insurance premiums paid to private health insurers can be reimbursed or offset upon request.
What to watch out for in terms of protection against dismissal and vacation entitlement
Numerous opportunities for companies
In addition, the regular reserve work of employees can also be financially attractive for a company. Finally, there are no salary payments during the exercise period, which can lead to noticeable savings in wage costs during quieter operating phases, especially in industries with seasonally fluctuating workload. Another plus point can be the special training and further education offers for reservists, which can of course also be used profitably for their civilian work. Quite apart from that, with its acceptance of military exercises, a company can ultimately show its own employees a great deal of appreciation as well as a certain recognition for their voluntary and social work.
- Weckenmann Albert -
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- Llama -
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