Are little people considered disabled
SGB IX and numerous other regulations offer people with disabilities a range of rights and aids to compensate for disadvantages.
The compensation for disadvantages relates to the areas of participation in working life and participation in life in the community.
Section 126 (compensation for disadvantages) of the Social Code (SGB), book ninth (IX [rehabilitation and participation of disabled people]) reads:
"The regulations on assistance for disabled people to compensate for disability-related disadvantages or additional expenses (compensation for disadvantages) are designed in such a way that they take into account the type or severity of the disability regardless of the cause of the disability."
Compensation for disadvantages in working life
Especially in working life there are many regulations for the protection of (severely) disabled people. These can be used if a degree of disability of 50% has been determined or if there is a level of 30 or more, equality with a severely disabled person is present.
The most important examples of severely disabled people and people of equal status:
- Special protection against dismissal
- Release from overtime
- Part-time work for disability-related reasons
Exclusively for severely disabled people
- Additional leave
- Ban on discrimination
Participation in life in society
Compensation for disadvantages for people with disabilities affect different areas of life. There are disadvantages that are intended to enable participation in life in society.
E.g. families with disabled relatives are often more economically burdened than others.
People with disabilities often need special living space that is adapted to their special needs.
There are special features with housing benefit and social housing.
People with disabilities are granted a lump-sum tax allowance for income tax on application due to the disability. This depends on the level of the GdB.
When it comes to travel expenses, severely disabled people with a GdB from 70 or from 50 with recognition of a walking disability (mark G) have the right to choose: Either they can claim a flat-rate travel allowance or a deduction for income-related expenses for actual costs for the journey between home and work.
Exceptional charges of a special kind can also apply to the tax, e.g. expenses for employing help in the household.
Severely disabled people with the symbol G in their ID card and deaf people with the symbol Gl can choose between the vehicle tax reduction of 50% and “free travel” on public transport.
Parking in the disabled parking spaces is only permitted for people with an extraordinary walking disability (mark aG) and blind people (mark Bl) as well as severely disabled people with loss of both arms or comparable functional restrictions.
But there are also easier parking (e.g. parking at parking meters and parking ticket machines free of charge, parking in residents' parking spaces or restricted parking for 3 hours), which can be approved as a special permit by the locally responsible road traffic authority on application. The prerequisite for use is in any case that there is no other parking facility within a reasonable distance. This applies to the following group of people:
- Severely disabled people with the marks G and B and a degree of disability of at least 80 for functional restrictions on the lower limbs alone
- Severely disabled people with the marks G and B and a degree of disability of at least 70 for dysfunction of the lower limbs alone and at the same time a degree of disability of at least 50 for dysfunction of the heart and respiratory organs
- Severely disabled people who have Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, if the degree of disability is at least 60
- Severely disabled people with an artificial anus and an artificial bowel diversion at the same time, if the degree of disability is at least 70
Small people with a height of 1.39 m and below can apply for a special permit from the responsible road traffic authority, which is then valid nationwide.
The following illustration is limited to an overview of the most important disadvantage compensations without claiming to be exhaustive:
© 2016 beta Institut non-profit GmbH
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