How do you become a free spirit

Free spirit (free spirit and values)

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This is a small digression about free spirits who naturally discuss traditional values, set them in motion and have a major influence on future values. We want to answer the questions, what is a free spirit and who, for example, are incumbent free spirits?

The term "free spirit" is back hip. After all, it has symbolized and provoked an enlightened way of thinking since the 18th century, which is particularly useful in times of change.

So it circulates with different meanings and describes in particular people, but also movements that are endowed with a corresponding mental attitude.

Since a free-spirited attitude in the sense of values ​​is particularly stimulating, we want to define the term and illuminate its numerous facets.

Word forms: free spirit, free spirit

positive (constructive): Lateral thinker, enlightened, free thinker

neutral: Faithful, non-denominational, religiousless

negative (partly out of date): Godless, unbeliever, pagan, atheist, heretic, sectarian

English: Latitudinarian, freethinker

The term is composed of "free"=" Independent, unlimited "and"ghost"= Earlier:" pious "(from" spiritus "=" breath, breath, soul "); today: "material, immaterial, creative"; was previously used pejoratively by institutional religions to designate or delimit people who are free from belief and spirituality.

The word free spirit was previously used disparagingly by institutional religions to denote and delimit people who are "free" from belief and spirituality.

Quote from dwds.de on “Geist”: “It was not until the 18th century, under the influence of French esprit, that spirit became an expression of a special ability, dexterity, ease of thinking, sagacity, ingenuity and finally referred to the thinking, knowing Consciousness of the people. "

Source: https://www.dwds.de/wb/Geist#et-1 (25.07.2017)

A voluntarily (self-determined) spiritually independent person, especially in thinking and also in his expression.

Free spirited: following one's own thoughts independently, free in thinking (free-thinking).

The modern term used in the positive Free spirit includes the intention to be independent about personal as well as socio-political liberal Identify and express values.

From the 16th century onwards, free spirits were denounced as so-called godless, listed in the so-called "Index [1]" and ostracized. In this sense, Martin Luther was an early free thinker and enlightener who, in a non-conformist, “Protestant” (self-confident) way, “relieved some of the then subjugated Christians from the dogmas and constraints of the Catholic Churchfree“.

Since that time the Free spirit - operated in particular by philosophers, writers, scientists and political activists - numerous Change in values evoked in occidental culture.

In particular, through the "Enlightenment" (from the beginning of the 17th century), "free thinking" could be established in its first basic features. It was always at the core of all discussions values, even if the term was mostly not used.

The best known and most influential representatives of these times were (in chronological order according to birth):

  • Erasmus of Rotterdam (around 1467 - 1536)
  • Martin Luther (1483--1546)
  • Thomas Hobbes (1588--1679)
  • René Descartes (1596 - 1650)
  • Samuel Baron von Pufendorf (1632 - 1694)
  • John Locke (1632-1704)
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716)
  • Christian Thomasius (1655-1728)
  • Jean-Baptiste Dubos (1670--1742)
  • Christian Wolff (1679 - 1754)
  • Montesquieu (1689--1755)
  • Voltaire (1694--1778)
  • Johann Christoph Gottsched (1700 - 1766)
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712--1778)
  • Adam Smith (1723-1790)
  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
  • Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728 - 1777)
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729 - 1781)
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)
  • James Madison (1751-1836)
  • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900)
  • Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925)

After all this clarification, it has become almost inhumanly turbulent - to put it politely. Wars based on cross-class discourses about who deserves the rule or who should have the best possible national leadership of people and in the sense of the "led" people, led to even more war and this to further similar inhuman disputes.

It is difficult to clearly identify all free spirits of this era who propagated ethical values ​​within the scope of creative freedom for individuals. All of them were “by necessity” resistance fighters. You have left behind few writings, mostly speeches and especially deeds that are documented in many layers. There were thousands on many lists. At wikipedia.de alone under the article “List of resistance fighters against National Socialism” there are 689 people (January 19, 2018) listed, and over 90% of these personalities are described in detail on individual pages.

We should take this opportunity to thank these free-spirited people for defying the general mass phenomenon of unconscious conformism and for suffering for it.

We owe our freedom today to all these people of the Enlightenment and the resistance against the oppression of the rulers.

After the last great world war it came back to life in the so-called civilized world. Many people became more “global” conscious. For most of them, however, not yet, because they have become addicted to consumption. Nevertheless, a new zeitgeist found its extroverted, clearly visible zenith in 1968. The “first cool” free spirits shot up like mushrooms - a new spring of discussions about values, morals, ethics and individual freedom.

In addition to these free-spirited movements in the late 1960s, a repeated flourishing of the Enlightenment has been clearly noticeable since the 1990s; let's just call it "Neo-Enlightenment". The actors emerged from the intellectual descendants of Voltaire, Kant & Co and grew in number, freedom of movement, but also in parts with an obvious lack of orientation. However, one of the most honorable goals has remained the same: Self-actualization - albeit partly in a self-portrayal and narcissistic way.

After Johannes Gutenberg started the first "media revolution", today's free spirits use the next level of the "value propagation machinery" and "are now going digitally viral". The Internet is obviously" Gutenberg 2.0 ". Here, too, quantity is first priority. The intellectually valuable and meaningful formation of an essence may not be able to be achieved so quickly by" Google "either, although they seem to be aware of a corresponding responsibility.

The project "WERTE 21" is also in parts free-spirited embossed. However, our endeavor is to deal with the core of what z. B. "Maslow [2]" with his famous "hierarchy of needs" simply knew how to explain it and thus provided a good starting point. We have generously developed these ideas further and mirrored the pyramid twice: from needs to motives to values ​​and at the top to personal (free-spirited) goals and self-realization (development).

See graphic "Diagram: from motive to values ​​to life task" in the chapter "What are values" there in the section "Motifs activate values".

Every single consumer of any free-spirited body of thought should carefully choose what is really valuable. For himself, for his family, for his friends, for his allies and of course - for sustainable reasons - the whole of society.

See graphic "Values-Awareness Levels" in the Value Categories chapter "

"Thus spoke zarathustra"

In the book "Also sprach Zarathustra" (4 parts: 1883-1885) by Friedrich Nietzsche, the title character "Zarathustra" describes an ideal free spirit. He sees the world and people from the perspective of a liberated spirit. After the death of God, he takes over his role. He feels in an ambivalent way that a conscious mind is quite lonely, since it is always freed from established attitudes (de-conformed) and thereby continues to new (lonely) heights of consciousness. At its core, Nietzsche's free-spirited philosophical story is a prosaic description of every real change in values ​​(one must always precede) as well as the irrepressible desire for innovation for the benefit of mankind. According to Nietzsche, "freedom of spirit" is a moral imperative.

http://www.zeno.org/Philosophie/M/Nietzsche,+Friedrich/Also+sprach+Zarathustra

A blog about free spirit

In a pretty free-spirited Blog we can read the following:

Abstract: "[...] A free spirit loves his own knowledge for its own sake, because it is not due to the history of the laws, but to the realities in relation to his existence as part of a fascinating, infinitely free but also immeasurable whole. [ ...] "Heinz Sauren (Aug 2011)

Source: https://freigeistblog.com/2011/08/10/freigeist/

[1] Index Librorum Prohibitorum

Also called "Index" for short, is a "Directory of Forbidden Books" or "Index Romanus" (Roman index) published for the first time in 1559, which by the Roman Inquisition listed all books for every Catholic whose reading was considered a grave sin. The index was not formally abolished until 1967.

[2] Abraham Harold Maslow (1908 to 1970)

American psychologist; is considered the founding father of so-called "humanistic psychology"; introduced the term “positive psychology” in 1954; his “pyramid of needs” is known worldwide.

Last update on November 8th, 2018

Author: Frank H. Sauer