What US presidents had foreign-born parents?

Anyone born in the USA should no longer automatically become a US citizen

US President Trump wants to take Trump to court if necessary to change the birthright. Top Republican Ryan suffered a violent attack when he rejected the proposal.

A week before the congressional elections, US President Donald Trump is further tightening his anti-migration rhetoric. In the future, not every child born in the United States should automatically receive citizenship, the president announced. Trump also announced that asylum seekers would be detained in "tent cities" on the border with Mexico.

According to the US President, in future only those children whose parents were legally resident in the USA should receive citizenship at birth. He therefore wants to overturn the birthright, which has been enshrined in a constitutional amendment since 1868, by decree. So far, all children born on US soil are eligible for citizenship - regardless of their parents' residence status. "We are the only country in the world where a baby becomes a citizen of the USA when a woman comes here and has a baby - with all the advantages," said Trump in an interview published on Tuesday with the news portal Axios. "This is ridiculous. This has to stop."

Trump wants to go to the Supreme Court for the restriction of citizenship he is planning. "The case will be decided by the Supreme Court of the United States," wrote the US President on Twitter on Wednesday.

Trump attacks top Republican Ryan sharply

However, legal experts doubt the feasibility of Trump's plans. The right to citizenship for all people born on US soil is enshrined in an amendment to the constitution. Many lawyers argue that the president cannot simply repeal this constitutional principle by means of a decree. Trump was unimpressed by such legal arguments. "I am always told that you need a new amendment to the constitution. You know what? That is not the case," he said in the interview. His decree is already in preparation and will be sufficient for the new regulation.

Senior Republican Paul Ryan had rejected the president's proposal. He had stated that the president could not end the birthright with a presidential decree. The right to citizenship when born on US soil is part of the US Constitution. Trump is not up to a constitutional change, knowing full well that the majorities required for this would not be available.
For this he had to take a sharp attack from Trump. Ryan should focus more on keeping the Republican majority in the congressional election than on speaking out on birthright, which he has no idea of, Trump tweeted.

Soldiers, tent cities

On Monday evening, Trump presented his plans to deter the refugees coming from Central America on his house broadcaster Fox News: the construction of tent cities on the border. "If you apply for asylum, we will hold you until your trial takes place," said Trump. The US would not erect permanent buildings for "hundreds of millions of dollars", but would pitch "very beautiful" tents. "We'll build tent cities, we'll build tents everywhere." Such an approach will ensure that no one can go into hiding and that far fewer people come from Central America.

The US Army announced on Monday that it would send more than 5,200 soldiers to the Mexican border during the week. Around 2,100 members of the National Guard are already on duty there. The soldiers should first secure the border crossings and their immediate vicinity, said Air Force General Terrence O'Shaughnessy. Temporary fences would be erected for this. However, the soldiers are not authorized to take on direct border protection tasks. They are not allowed to control and arrest people who cross the border illegally. According to the government, they primarily have a support function.

Caravan is shrinking

According to information from the AFP news agency, many of the refugees who started in Honduras in mid-October made their way to the USA on board vehicles. The caravan, which originally consisted of around 7,000 migrants, has now shrunk significantly. According to the aid organization Pueblos Sin Fronteras, it currently consists of around 4,000 people, as many participants have returned home and around 1,700 have decided to stay in Mexico. The US border guards reckon with 3,000 to 3,500 people.

The Mexican Archbishop Carlos Aguiar Retes rejected speculation that this migratory movement was aimed at destabilizing Mexico and the United States. The Church is asking the Catholic community in Mexico to protect the people who are on their way through the country, according to Kathpress in a statement by the Archdiocese of Mexico City on Monday.

The Catholic bishops of the USA meanwhile also called for compassion for the thousands of approaching migrants from Central America. "We are deeply saddened by the violence, injustice and the poor economic situation that are forcing many people in Central America to leave their homes," said a statement from the US Bishops' Conference (Monday local time).