Do people in Australia have pet kangaroos
Up close and personal in Australia - 15 animals that are otherwise only known from the zoo
Above all, visitors associate Australia with: kangaroos and koalas. And indeed, the unique wildlife is one of the main reasons for many Australia fans to visit Down Under. More than 300 species of mammals, over 800 species of birds, 140 species of snakes and around 4,000 species of fish live in Australia, most of them are endemic species that are unique to the Australian continent. The three most famous Australian animals, the marsupials, are also part of it - they developed in the isolation of the Australian continent, so that the unusual fauna of this country seems almost a little surreal for non-Australians. However, the high reptile and insect population proves that Australia's wildlife is not always cute. Nowhere else are there more venomous snakes and spiders than in Australia - so be careful.
However, many of Australia's wild animals are endangered (including introduced species) and not easy to spot. But there are plenty of nature parks all over the country in which the diverse animal world can be observed in its natural environment.
Next to the kangaroo, the koala is perhaps the most typical animal. It belongs to the genus of the bag mammals, looks incredibly cute, but can become defensive and aggressive if it feels threatened. In the wild, koalas are mainly found in the coastal regions of South and East Australia, but you have to look carefully to spot them between the branches of the eucalyptus trees.
Kangaroos are the symbol of the country, adorn the coat of arms and can be found in practically every part of the country. There are over 65 species of kangaroo in total, but some of them are endangered. Although they have few natural enemies, they are more likely to fall victim to traffic.
Wombats are also marsupials and are hard to beat when it comes to cuteness and clumsiness. The wombats are divided into two families: the hair-nosed wombat and the bare-nosed wombat. The nocturnal animals live in caves and are particularly easy to observe in nature parks.
Caution poisonous! The Taipan is one of the most poisonous snakes in the world and is found mainly in the humid regions of the north. Like all reptiles, the snake is very shy, but attacks immediately when it feels threatened.
5. Thorn devil
The thorn devil is a lizard with a particularly characteristic appearance. You can find it in the deserts of Central Australia, but only if you look closely. It looks like a small dinosaur, its body is covered with large spikes that it uses to ward off its enemies.
Not a bird, not a mammal, but something in between. The platypus is one of the most unusual animals in the world as a so-called monastery. From trunk to tail it looks like a beaver, but the head is similar to that of a duck. Platypuses are difficult to see in the wild, but luckier in one of the many wildlife parks.
The emu is similar to the ostrich, making it the second largest ratite in the world. Emus are native to all of Australia, wherever there are few people. There are also farms that raise emus.
The Kookaburra is Australia's most famous bird, which is certainly due to its reputation, which sounds like a rattling laugh. Kookaburras are primarily native to the southern and eastern states.
There are tons of penguins on Australia's south coast! You can watch them on Phillip Island, where you can also find the smallest penguin in the world, which is just 30cm tall.
Even if the name sounds similar, the Australian possum has nothing to do with the American possum. Like koalas and wombats, the possum belongs to the marsupial group and occurs in all regions of Australia. As a cultural follower, possums like to rummage through backyards in cities and look for delicacies in garbage cans.
The ant urchin is, just like the platypus, a so-called monotremer. This means that although it lays eggs like a reptile or a bird, the hatched young suckle like a mammal. In terms of appearance, the short-billed hedgehog resembles - how could it be otherwise - hedgehog. In the event of danger, he rolls up and can be very defensive.
12. Australian sea lion
The Australian sea lion lives on the uninhabited islands of Western and Southern Australia. On Kangaroo Island, for example, you can see the Australian sea lions well. The sea lions are one of Australia's most endangered species as overfishing and pollution threaten their habitat.
13. Sea turtles
The sea turtles that live in Australian waters are also endangered and protected. Nevertheless, they can be easily observed on the coasts - especially at the time of oviposition.
14. Tasmanian devils
The Tasmanian devil is found exclusively on the island of Tasmania and is a scavenger, but also likes to stay near human dwellings. You can often see it in Tasmania.
15. Marine mammals
Numerous large marine mammals and shark species such as whale sharks, humpback whales, killer whales and dolphins live around the huge coral reefs. They can be seen along the coast from May to October, especially on the Ningaloo Reef on the west coast. Some operators also offer tours where you can swim with the gentle animals.Koalas & Kangaroos / Public Domain: Pixabay, Wombat / Public Domain: LuvCoffee, Taipan & Tasmanian Devil / Public Domain: BM1077, Thorn Devil / Public Domain: PublicDomainImages; Platypus / CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 via Wikipedia: Christine Ferdinand - http://www.tripjoin.de; Emu / Public Domain: Bosmanerwin; Kookabura / Public Domain: Magee, Penguin / Public Domain: Itimli; Possum / Public Domain: Leausmith; Echidna / Public Domain: 127071; Seelöwe / CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikipedia: Brian M. Hunt; Tortoise / Public Domain: dslr99; Whale Shark / Public Domain: Jimmy Dominico;
This entry was posted in Australia, did you know ...? and tagged Australia, Fauna, Animals by Pacific Travel House. Permanent link to the entry.
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