Which human right is violated most frequently?
Human rights violations as a reason to flee
Human rights violations as a reason to flee?
People's lives can be difficult if there is a lack of health care, an education system or the ability to eat well. If there is political persecution, discrimination and torture of individual groups such as ethnic or religious minorities, many people see only the way out of flight.
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN Charter of Human Rights)
Article (14) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides for the right to asylum for people who fear persecution and experience: "(1) Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum in other countries before persecution."
People whose human rights are violated and who therefore leave the country in which they live are refugees. They enjoy special protection by the member states of the United Nations on the basis of international law. "
- Geneva Refugee Convention
According to Article 1 of the 1951 Geneva Refugee Convention, a refugee is a person who “finds himself outside the country of his nationality out of a well-founded fear of persecution because of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or because of his political convictions owns it, and cannot claim the protection of this land or does not want to claim it because of these fears ... ”.
If people “only” flee to other parts of the country and do not cross any national border, they are called internally displaced persons, or in English: internally diplaced persons (IDPs).
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