What is industrial urbanization

Industrial revolution / urbanization

The industrialization in Germany went hand in hand with the urbanization. Both single people and whole families moved from the countryside to the cities to look for work. As a result of progressive urbanization and industrialization, a fundamental change in the living conditions of Germans was noticeable as early as the 1890s. The population grew by more than a third between 1871 and 1911. More and more Germans lived in metropolitan areas, whereby not only the absolute number of city dwellers increased, but also their percentage of the total population.

  1. Calculate by what percentage the population of the cities increased from 1800 to 1900.
  2. Draw a table and fill in the values.
  3. Think about the positive and negative changes the growth of cities brought with it.

Population development

Development of the population in Berlin (1750-1880)
Development of the population in Nuremberg (1800 – today)
Development of the population in Witten (1750 – today)
Development of the population in Mülheim an der Ruhr (0 - today)


Berlin Alexanderplatz 1903
Berlin Potsdamer Platz around 1900


Berlin Hamburger Bahnhof around 1850. In the foreground the Berlin connecting line on the later tram route.

Characteristics of industrial habitats: urban conurbations

  • The arrival of technical civilization, the turmoil of traffic, a fast pace of life
  • Urbanization and urbanization process (definition !!!!)
  • Living in rented apartments has become the general form of living in cities

Problem: Expansion lagged behind the enormous population explosion

(Berlin: Most foul-smelling capital in Europe, the inhabitants of which you could already tell by the smell of their clothes)